hip arthroscopy
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2022 ◽  
pp. 036354652110675
Kyle N. Kunze ◽  
Evan M. Polce ◽  
Ian Michael Clapp ◽  
Thomas Alter ◽  
Shane J. Nho

Background: The International Hip Outcome Tool 12-Item Questionnaire (IHOT-12) has been proposed as a more appropriate outcome assessment for hip arthroscopy populations. The extent to which preoperative patient factors predict achieving clinically meaningful outcomes among patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) remains poorly understood. Purpose: To determine the predictive relationship of preoperative imaging, patient-reported outcome measures, and patient demographics with achievement of the minimal clinically important difference (MCID), Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS), and substantial clinical benefit (SCB) for the IHOT-12 at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Data were analyzed for consecutive patients who underwent hip arthroscopy for FAIS between 2012 and 2018 and completed the IHOT-12 preoperatively and at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively. Fifteen novel machine learning algorithms were developed using 47 potential demographic, clinical, and radiographic predictors. Model performance was evaluated with discrimination, calibration, decision-curve analysis and the brier score. Results: A total of 859 patients were identified, with 685 (79.7%) achieving the MCID, 535 (62.3%) achieving the PASS, and 498 (58.0%) achieving the SCB. For predicting the MCID, discrimination for the best-performing models ranged from fair to excellent (area under the curve [AUC], 0.69-0.89), although calibration was excellent (calibration intercept and slopes: –0.06 to 0.02 and 0.24 to 0.85, respectively). For predicting the PASS, discrimination for the best-performing models ranged from fair to excellent (AUC, 0.63-0.81), with excellent calibration (calibration intercept and slopes: 0.03-0.18 and 0.52-0.90, respectively). For predicting the SCB, discrimination for the best-performing models ranged from fair to good (AUC, 0.61-0.77), with excellent calibration (calibration intercept and slopes: –0.08 to 0.00 and 0.56 to 1.02, respectively). Thematic predictors for failing to achieve the MCID, PASS, and SCB were presence of back pain, anxiety/depression, chronic symptom duration, preoperative hip injections, and increasing body mass index (BMI). Specifically, thresholds associated with lower likelihood to achieve a clinically meaningful outcome were preoperative Hip Outcome Score–Activities of Daily Living <55, preoperative Hip Outcome Score–Sports Subscale >55.6, preoperative IHOT-12 score ≥48.5, preoperative modified Harris Hip Score ≤51.7, age >41 years, BMI ≥27, and preoperative α angle >76.6°. Conclusion: We developed novel machine learning algorithms that leveraged preoperative demographic, clinical, and imaging-based features to reliably predict clinically meaningful improvement after hip arthroscopy for FAIS. Despite consistent improvements after hip arthroscopy, meaningful improvements are negatively influenced by greater BMI, back pain, chronic symptom duration, preoperative mental health, and use of hip corticosteroid injections.

Jacob T. Wood ◽  
Medical ◽  
Senthil Sambandam ◽  
Dane K. Wukich ◽  
Christopher L. McCrum

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
pp. e01553
Sakura Kinjo ◽  
Alan L. Zhang

A.V. Antonov ◽  
V.E. Volovik ◽  
A.G. Rykov ◽  
S.N. Berezutsky ◽  

During 2017–2021 in the facilities of the orthopedic department of the Khabarovsk Krai Clinical Hospital named after prof. O.V. Vladimirtseva patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) stages 0, 1 and 2 have been surgically treated with minimally invasive two-stage decompression with bone alloplasty. The results of radiological diagnosis and arthroscopic picture in the initial stages of the disease were evaluated. The results obtained, the identity of the MRI diagnostic data and the arthroscopic featers indicate the unreasonableness of performing therapeutic and diagnostic arthroscopy in combination with tunnelization, revision of the femoral head cyst and further alloplasty in stages 1 and 2 of the disease, which does not exclude the possibility of using this technology in other stages of ANFH

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Andrew E. Jimenez ◽  
Rachel M. Glein ◽  
Jade S. Owens ◽  
Michael S. Lee ◽  
David R. Maldonado ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
P. G. Robinson ◽  
T. R. Williamson ◽  
I. R. Murray ◽  
J. F. Maempel ◽  
D. J. MacDonald ◽  

Abstract Purpose The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS-12) is a valid tool in the evaluation of patients undergoing hip arthroscopy, assessing the unique concept of joint awareness in the setting of a patient’s hip pathology. The preoperative burden on patients’ mental wellbeing of impaired joint function or symptoms is well established. The purpose of this study was to determine patients’ awareness of their hip joint whilst awaiting hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement, to explore any association between joint awareness and mental health status, and to determine whether this relates to time spent waiting for arthroscopy preoperatively. Methods A prospective database of patients undergoing hip arthroscopy between January 2018 and November 2020 was analysed. All patients with a diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) undergoing arthroscopic treatment were included. Questionnaires included the FJS-12, twelve item international hip outcome tool (iHOT-12), EuroQol 5D-5L (EQ-5D-5L) and the Tegner activity score. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to assess relationships between continuous variables. Results Preoperative functional outcomes were completed by 81 patients (97.5%) prior to undergoing hip arthroscopy. Median preoperative FJS-12 score was 16.67 (IQR 8.33 – 29.68). Forty-four patients reported any level of anxiety/depression preoperatively (54.3%). Preoperative FJS-12 showed a significant negative correlation with worsening mental health status (r = − 0.359, p <  0.001), and a significant positive correlation with EQ-5D-5L (r = 0.445, p <  0.001). The duration of symptoms or time on the waiting list did not correlate with increased joint awareness or worsened mental health. Conclusion Joint awareness is high when awaiting hip arthroscopy for FAI. Increasing levels of joint awareness correlate with poorer mental health status and poorer quality of life measures, however these parameters do not seem to be associated with increased duration of symptoms prior to surgery or time on the waiting list for surgery.

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