Surgical Treatment
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2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (27) ◽  
pp. 8192-8198
Author(s):  
Yi-Yuan Zhang ◽  
Xiao-Ying Gu ◽  
Jia-Lin Li ◽  
Zhao Liu ◽  
Guo-Yue Lv

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Satya Amirapu ◽  
Kristi Biswas ◽  
Fiona J. Radcliff ◽  
Brett Wagner Mackenzie ◽  
Stephen Ball ◽  
...  

The purpose of this review is to summarise contemporary knowledge of sinonasal tissue remodelling during chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), a chronic disease involving long-term inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and nasal passage. The concept of tissue remodelling has significant clinical relevance because of its potential to cause irreversibility in chronic airway tissues. Recent studies have indicated that early surgical treatment of CRS may improve clinical outcome. Tissue remodelling has been described in the literature extensively with no consensus on how remodelling is defined. This review describes various factors implicated in establishing remodelling in sinonasal tissues with a special mention of asthma as a comorbid condition. Some of the main histological features of remodelling include basement membrane thickening and collagen modulation. This may be an avenue of research with regard to targeted therapy against remodelling in CRS.


Author(s):  
A. V. Syrkina ◽  
I. E. Pashkova ◽  
A. R. Monakhov ◽  
O. V. Silina ◽  
E. V. Chekletsova ◽  
...  

Background. In young children, the most common liver disease leading to transplantation is biliary atresia. Liver transplantation has fundamentally improved the survival rate of children with biliary atresia. Studies on developmental outcomes in children are mostly limited to small samples; there are no such studies in the Russian Federation.Objective: to determine the cognitive outcomes in children undergoing one-stage or two-stage surgical treatment of biliary atresia.Materials and Methods. 83 children were divided into groups: 36 children underwent transplantation without previous surgical interventions (group 1), 47 children underwent the Kasai palliative portoenterostomy (group 2). Inclusion criteria: 24 months of age or younger at the moment of transplantation, no medical history of neurological pathology. All children were examined before transplantation and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after liver transplantation. Psychomotor development was assessed using the Griffiths Psychomotor Development Scale for children under 24 months (translated by E.S. Keshishian), the Griffiths Intellectual Development Scale for children aged 2 to 8 years, and the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised, for children 16-30 months old.Results. All children had developmental delays at the time of transplantation. Up to 50% of the children had signs of cachexia, with a shoulder circumference of less than 3 percentile. Only two children showed obvious hepatic encephalopathy in the form of depressed consciousness. After liver transplantation, 94% of group 1 children recovered their preoperative psychomotor development levels, and only 68% in group 2 made these gains. At 3 and 6 months after transplantation, about 80% of group 1 children showed normal psychomotor development, whereas in group 2, only 61% did. By 12 months after liver transplantation, the difference between the groups was more evident: 83.3% of group 1 children and only 53.2% of group 2 children were developing according to age. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (p < 0.05).Conclusion. Children who received one-stage treatment of biliary atresia and underwent liver transplantation have better neuropsychological development within a year after surgery than children with two-stage surgical treatment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 48 (5) ◽  
pp. 534-542
Author(s):  
Hyun Seung Lee ◽  
Yong Chan Bae ◽  
Su Bong Nam ◽  
Chang Ryul Yi ◽  
Jin A Yoon ◽  
...  

Background During the early stages of lymphedema, active physiologic surgical treatment can be applied. However, lymphedema patients often have limited knowledge and misconceptions regarding lymphedema and surgical treatment. We analyzed the correlations between lymphedema severity and surgical technique according to patients’ awareness of surgical treatment for secondary upper extremity lymphedema (UEL).Methods Patients with UEL diagnosed between December 2017 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. At the time of their presentation to our hospital for the treatment of lymphedema, they were administered a questionnaire about lymphedema and lymphedema surgery. Based on the results, patients were classified as being aware or unaware of surgical treatment. Lymphedema severity was classified according to the arm dermal backflow (ADB) stage and the MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) stage based on indocyanine green lymphography conducted at presentation. Surgical techniques were compared between the two groups.Results Patients who were aware of surgical treatment had significantly lower initial ADB and MDACC stages (P<0.05) and more frequently underwent physiologic procedures than excisional procedures (P=0.003).Conclusions If patients are actively educated regarding surgical treatment of lymphedema, physiologic procedures may be performed during the early stages of UEL.


2021 ◽  
Vol 102 (4) ◽  
pp. 227-231
Author(s):  
N. V. Nudnov ◽  
V. D. Сhkhikvadze ◽  
D. S. Kontorovich

The early and complete diagnosis of lung carcinoid tumors is of great interest in clinical oncology, since this is the basis for the possibility of using options for organ-sparing surgical treatment. According to the 2015 WHO classification, carcinoids belong to the group of neuroendocrine tumors and are divided into two types: a typical carcinoid and an atypical one. Based on the data available in the literature, there are from 0.2 to 2 cases per 100,000 population. The paper considers the possibilities of radiation studies in the early diagnosis of this tumor, as well as those of determining the tactics, type, and scope of surgical treatment.


Author(s):  
Berkin Turkulov ◽  
Altyn Aringazina ◽  
Kairat Kuatbekov ◽  
Vitalii Pak ◽  
Ayat Assemov

Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common birth anomaly affecting approximately 1% of births and have a prevalence of about 5.8 per 1000 people. CHD is the most common congenital anomaly in newborn babies. Management of the newborn with CHD represents a frontier of clinical pediatric cardiology. Progress in diagnosis and surgical treatment of the individuals with a heart defect has progressed to the point that almost all heart defects can be significantly improved and treated. Cardiovascular malformations account for about 10% of infant deaths and nearly half of all deaths from malformations


2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (3) ◽  
pp. 77-85
Author(s):  
I. A. Eliseenko ◽  
S. G. Struts ◽  
V. V. Stupak

Objective. To assess the effect of neodymium laser radiation on the recurrence rate and continued growth of primary extramedullary tumors on the basis of clinical data obtained in the long-term follow-up period in operated patients with extramedullary tumors.Material and Methods. The long-term results of surgical treatment of two groups of patients (n = 412) with primary extramedullary tumors operated on from 1998 to 2014 were studied and systematized. Patients of comparison group (n = 277; 67.2 %) underwent removal of tumors using standard microsurgical techniques, and the neoplasms in patients of the study group (n = 135; 32.8 %) were removed with additionally used neodymium (Nd:YAG) laser.Results. The use of the developed laser technologies for the resection of extramedullary intracanal primary tumors made it possible to reliably reduce the relative number of recurrence and continued growth from 11.1 % to 1.2% compared with patients treated with standard surgery methods. The proportion of recurrences was 3.5 %, all of them were detected only in the group with the classical technique of tumor resection (p <0.01).Conclusion. The use of a neodymium laser as an additional technology to the classical microsurgical resection of extramedullary tumors is effective for the prevention of their recurrence and continued growth.


2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (3) ◽  
pp. 68-76
Author(s):  
D. G. Naumov ◽  
S. G. Tkach ◽  
A. Yu. Mushkin ◽  
M. E. Makogonova

Objective. To analyze the results of surgical treatment of chronic infectious cervical spondylitis and literature data.Material and Methods. Design: retrospective monocentric cohort study for 2017–2020. The study included medical history and clinical and instrumental data of 25 patients who underwent 28 reconstructive surgeries on the suboccipital (n1 = 3) and subaxial (n2 = 25) spine. The average follow-up period was 1 year 2 months ± 4 months. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 22.0.Results. The effect of the duration of the therapeutic pause (p = 0.043) and the T1 slope (T1S) (p = 0.022) on the intensity of vertebrogenic pain syndrome was established. When assessing the parameters of the sagittal balance a direct relationship between the age of patients and the value of cervical sagittal vertical axis (CSVA) (p = 0.035) was revealed, while CSVA (p = 0.514) and neck tilt angle (NTA) (p = 0.617) did not significantly affect the intensity of vertebral pain syndrome. The extent of vertebral destruction did not affect either the intensity of vertebral pain (p = 0.872) or the indices of the sagittal balance: CSVA (p = 0.116), T1S (p = 0.154), and NTA (p = 0.562). A significant predictor of postoperative complications is the level of comorbidity with an index of 7 or more (p = 0.027) according to the Charlson scale.Conclusion. The leading predictors of complications of surgical treatment of cervical infectious spondylitis are the Charlson comorbidity index (7 points or more) and the variant of anterior reconstruction (the use of a blocked extraspinal plate). The factors influencing the intensity of vertebrogenic pain syndrome in this pathology are the duration of the therapeutic pause and the magnitude of T1S compensation. Anterior reconstruction of the cervical spine in the presence of infectious spondylitis provides a correction of the sagittal balance parameters, with the possibility of long-term maintaining the achieved values.


Author(s):  
N. Yu. Kokhanenko ◽  
A. V. Glebova ◽  
O. G. Vavilova ◽  
A. A. Kashintsev ◽  
S. A. Kaliuzhnyi ◽  
...  

A clinical case of successful surgical treatment of a patient with chronic pancreatitis, complicated by suppuration of a postnecrotic cyst and the formation of a cysto-gastric fistula. As a result of the conservative and minimally invasive treatment, the pseudocyst was drained, and the cystogastric fistula was closed. The staged treatment was completed by resection of the head of the pancreas with the formation of an anastomosis.


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