feature fusion
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 656-663
Hui He ◽  
Yuchen Li ◽  
Jing Yang ◽  
Zeli Wang ◽  
Bo Chen ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-20
Yantao Li ◽  
Peng Tao ◽  
Shaojiang Deng ◽  
Gang Zhou

Smartphones have become crucial and important in our daily life, but the security and privacy issues have been major concerns of smartphone users. In this article, we present DeFFusion, a CNN-based continuous authentication system using Deep Feature Fusion for smartphone users by leveraging the accelerometer and gyroscope ubiquitously built into smartphones. With the collected data, DeFFusion first converts the time domain data into frequency domain data using the fast Fourier transform and then inputs both of them into a designed CNN, respectively. With the CNN-extracted features, DeFFusion conducts the feature selection utilizing factor analysis and exploits balanced feature concatenation to fuse these deep features. Based on the one-class SVM classifier, DeFFusion authenticates current users as a legitimate user or an impostor. We evaluate the authentication performance of DeFFusion in terms of impact of training data size and time window size, accuracy comparison on different features over different classifiers and on different classifiers with the same CNN-extracted features, accuracy on unseen users, time efficiency, and comparison with representative authentication methods. The experimental results demonstrate that DeFFusion has the best accuracy by achieving the mean equal error rate of 1.00% in a 5-second time window size.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-29
Jun Yang ◽  
Weizhi Ma ◽  
Min Zhang ◽  
Xin Zhou ◽  
Yiqun Liu ◽  

Recommendation in legal scenario (Legal-Rec) is a specialized recommendation task that aims to provide potential helpful legal documents for users. While there are mainly three differences compared with traditional recommendation: (1) Both the structural connections and textual contents of legal information are important in the Legal-Rec scenario, which means feature fusion is very important here. (2) Legal-Rec users prefer the newest legal cases (the latest legal interpretation and legal practice), which leads to a severe new-item problem. (3) Different from users in other scenarios, most Legal-Rec users are expert and domain-related users. They often concentrate on several topics and have more stable information needs. So it is important to accurately model user interests here. To the best of our knowledge, existing recommendation work cannot handle these challenges simultaneously. To address these challenges, we propose a legal information enhanced graph neural network–based recommendation framework (LegalGNN). First, a unified legal content and structure representation model is designed for feature fusion, where the Heterogeneous Legal Information Network (HLIN) is constructed to connect the structural features (e.g., knowledge graph) and contextual features (e.g., the content of legal documents) for training. Second, to model user interests, we incorporate the queries users issued in legal systems into the HLIN and link them with both retrieved documents and inquired users. This extra information is not only helpful for estimating user preferences, but also valuable for cold users/items (with less interaction history) in this scenario. Third, a graph neural network with relational attention mechanism is applied to make use of high-order connections in HLIN for Legal-Rec. Experimental results on a real-world legal dataset verify that LegalGNN outperforms several state-of-the-art methods significantly. As far as we know, LegalGNN is the first graph neural model for legal recommendation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 166 ◽  
pp. 108803
Yinghao Chen ◽  
Dongdong Wang ◽  
Cao Kai ◽  
Cuijie Pan ◽  
Yayun Yu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 135 ◽  
pp. 103583
Meng Xiao ◽  
Bo Yang ◽  
Shilong Wang ◽  
Zhengping Zhang ◽  
Xiaoli Tang ◽  

Shuang Wang ◽  
Xiutiao Ye ◽  
Yu Gu ◽  
Jihui Wang ◽  
Yun Meng ◽  

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