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2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-29
Jun Yang ◽  
Weizhi Ma ◽  
Min Zhang ◽  
Xin Zhou ◽  
Yiqun Liu ◽  

Recommendation in legal scenario (Legal-Rec) is a specialized recommendation task that aims to provide potential helpful legal documents for users. While there are mainly three differences compared with traditional recommendation: (1) Both the structural connections and textual contents of legal information are important in the Legal-Rec scenario, which means feature fusion is very important here. (2) Legal-Rec users prefer the newest legal cases (the latest legal interpretation and legal practice), which leads to a severe new-item problem. (3) Different from users in other scenarios, most Legal-Rec users are expert and domain-related users. They often concentrate on several topics and have more stable information needs. So it is important to accurately model user interests here. To the best of our knowledge, existing recommendation work cannot handle these challenges simultaneously. To address these challenges, we propose a legal information enhanced graph neural network–based recommendation framework (LegalGNN). First, a unified legal content and structure representation model is designed for feature fusion, where the Heterogeneous Legal Information Network (HLIN) is constructed to connect the structural features (e.g., knowledge graph) and contextual features (e.g., the content of legal documents) for training. Second, to model user interests, we incorporate the queries users issued in legal systems into the HLIN and link them with both retrieved documents and inquired users. This extra information is not only helpful for estimating user preferences, but also valuable for cold users/items (with less interaction history) in this scenario. Third, a graph neural network with relational attention mechanism is applied to make use of high-order connections in HLIN for Legal-Rec. Experimental results on a real-world legal dataset verify that LegalGNN outperforms several state-of-the-art methods significantly. As far as we know, LegalGNN is the first graph neural model for legal recommendation.

Arkadipta De ◽  
Dibyanayan Bandyopadhyay ◽  
Baban Gain ◽  
Asif Ekbal

Fake news classification is one of the most interesting problems that has attracted huge attention to the researchers of artificial intelligence, natural language processing, and machine learning (ML). Most of the current works on fake news detection are in the English language, and hence this has limited its widespread usability, especially outside the English literate population. Although there has been a growth in multilingual web content, fake news classification in low-resource languages is still a challenge due to the non-availability of an annotated corpus and tools. This article proposes an effective neural model based on the multilingual Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformer (BERT) for domain-agnostic multilingual fake news classification. Large varieties of experiments, including language-specific and domain-specific settings, are conducted. The proposed model achieves high accuracy in domain-specific and domain-agnostic experiments, and it also outperforms the current state-of-the-art models. We perform experiments on zero-shot settings to assess the effectiveness of language-agnostic feature transfer across different languages, showing encouraging results. Cross-domain transfer experiments are also performed to assess language-independent feature transfer of the model. We also offer a multilingual multidomain fake news detection dataset of five languages and seven different domains that could be useful for the research and development in resource-scarce scenarios.

10.29007/bg75 ◽  
2022 ◽  
Nguyen Xuan Nguyen Pham ◽  
Thi Tham Tran ◽  
Minh Thang Do ◽  
Ngoc Bao Duy Tran

As society develops, many aspects of life are concerned by people, including facial skincare, avoiding acne-related diseases. In this work, we will propose a complete solution for treating acne at home, including 4 processors. First, the anomaly detector uses image processing techniques by Multi-Threshold and Color Segmentation, depending on each color channel corresponding to each type of acne. The sensitivity of the detector is 89.4%. Second, the set of anomalies classifiers into 6 main categories, including 4 major acne types and 2 non-acne types. By applying the convolutional neural model, the accuracy, sensitivity, and F1 are 84.17%, 81.5%, and 82%, respectively. Third, the acne status assessment kit is based on the mGAGS method to classify the condition of a face as mild, moderate, severe, or very severe with an accuracy of 81.25%. Finally, the product recommender, which generalizes from the results of the previous processors with an accuracy of 70-90%. This is the premise that helps doctors as well as general users to evaluate the level of acne on a face effectively and save time.

Vanya Ivanova

In this paper a new neural model for detection of multiple network IoT-based attacks, such as DDoS TCP, UDP, and HHTP flood, is presented. It consists of feedforward multilayer network with back propagation. A general algorithm for its optimization during training is proposed, leading to proper number of neurons in the hidden layers. The Scaled Gradient Descent algorithm and the Adam optimization are studied with better classification results, obtained by the developed classifiers, using the latter. Tangent hyperbolic function appears to be proper selection for the hidden neurons. Two sets of features, gathered from aggregated records of the network traffic, are tested, containing 8 and 10 components. While more accurate results are obtained for the 10-feature set, the 8-feature set offers twice lower training time and seems applicable for real-world applications. The detection rate for 7 of 10 different network attacks, primarily various types of floods, is higher than 90% and for 3 of them – mainly reconnaissance and keylogging activities with low intensity of the generated traffic, deviates between 57% and 68%. The classifier is considered applicable for industrial implementation.

Ziquan Zhu ◽  
Siyuan Lu ◽  
Shui-Hua Wang ◽  
Juan Manuel Górriz ◽  
Yu-Dong Zhang

Aims: Most blood diseases, such as chronic anemia, leukemia (commonly known as blood cancer), and hematopoietic dysfunction, are caused by environmental pollution, substandard decoration materials, radiation exposure, and long-term use certain drugs. Thus, it is imperative to classify the blood cell images. Most cell classification is based on the manual feature, machine learning classifier or the deep convolution network neural model. However, manual feature extraction is a very tedious process, and the results are usually unsatisfactory. On the other hand, the deep convolution neural network is usually composed of massive layers, and each layer has many parameters. Therefore, each deep convolution neural network needs a lot of time to get the results. Another problem is that medical data sets are relatively small, which may lead to overfitting problems.Methods: To address these problems, we propose seven models for the automatic classification of blood cells: BCARENet, BCR5RENet, BCMV2RENet, BCRRNet, BCRENet, BCRSNet, and BCNet. The BCNet model is the best model among the seven proposed models. The backbone model in our method is selected as the ResNet-18, which is pre-trained on the ImageNet set. To improve the performance of the proposed model, we replace the last four layers of the trained transferred ResNet-18 model with the three randomized neural networks (RNNs), which are RVFL, ELM, and SNN. The final outputs of our BCNet are generated by the ensemble of the predictions from the three randomized neural networks by the majority voting. We use four multi-classification indexes for the evaluation of our model.Results: The accuracy, average precision, average F1-score, and average recall are 96.78, 97.07, 96.78, and 96.77%, respectively.Conclusion: We offer the comparison of our model with state-of-the-art methods. The results of the proposed BCNet model are much better than other state-of-the-art methods.

N. Habbat ◽  
H. Anoun ◽  
L. Hassouni

Abstract. Topic models extract meaningful words from text collection, allowing for a better understanding of data. However, the results are often not coherent enough, and thus harder to interpret. Adding more contextual knowledge to the model can enhance coherence. In recent years, neural network-based topic models become available, and the development level of the neural model has developed thanks to BERT-based representation. In this study, we suggest a model extract news on the Aljazeera Facebook page. Our approach combines the neural model (ProdLDA) and the Arabic Pre-training BERT transformer model (AraBERT). Therefore, the proposed model produces more expressive and consistent topics than ELMO using different topic model algorithms (ProdLDA and LDA) with 0.883 in topic coherence.

2021 ◽  
Dariusz Ruciński

The article is an attempt of the methodological approach to the proposed quantum-inspired method of neural modeling of prices quoted on the Day-Ahead Market operating at TGE S.A. In the proposed quantum-inspired neural model it was assumed, inter alia, that it is composed of 12 parallel Perceptron ANNs with one hidden layer. Moreover, it was assumed that weights and biases as processing elements are described by density matrices, and the values flowing through the Artificial Neural Network of Signals are represented by qubits. Calculations checking the correctness of the adopted method and model were carried out with the use of linear algebra and vector-matrix calculus in MATLAB and Simulink environments. The obtained research results were compared to the results obtained from the neural model with the use of a comparative model.

Symmetry ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 11
Weixiang Xu ◽  
Dongbao Jia ◽  
Zhaoman Zhong ◽  
Cunhua Li ◽  
Zhongxun Xu

In recent years, the dendritic neural model has been widely employed in various fields because of its simple structure and inexpensive cost. Traditional numerical optimization is ineffective for the parameter optimization problem of the dendritic neural model; it is easy to fall into local in the optimization process, resulting in poor performance of the model. This paper proposes an intelligent dendritic neural model firstly, which uses the intelligent optimization algorithm to optimize the model instead of the traditional dendritic neural model with a backpropagation algorithm. The experiment compares the performance of ten representative intelligent optimization algorithms in six classification datasets. The optimal combination of user-defined parameters for the model evaluates by using Taguchi’s method, systemically. The results show that the performance of an intelligent dendritic neural model is significantly better than a traditional dendritic neural model. The intelligent dendritic neural model has small classification errors and high accuracy, which provides an effective approach for the application of dendritic neural model in engineering classification problems. In addition, among ten intelligent optimization algorithms, an evolutionary algorithm called biogeographic optimization algorithm has excellent performance, and can quickly obtain high-quality solutions and excellent convergence speed.

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