classification algorithm
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2022 ◽  
Vol 74 ◽  
pp. 101677
Jun Li ◽  
Qiyan Dou ◽  
Haima Yang ◽  
Jin Liu ◽  
Le Fu ◽  

Thi Thu Nguyen ◽  
Phuc Thinh Doan ◽  
Anh-Ngoc Le ◽  
Kolla Bhanu Prakash ◽  
Subrata Chowdhury ◽  

<span>In this paper, we introduce a mobile application called CarSafe, in which data from the acceleration sensor integrated on smartphones is exploited to come up with an efficient classification algorithm. Two statuses, "Driving" or "Not driving," are monitored in the real-time manner. It enables automatic actions to help the driver safer. Also, from these data, our software can detect the crash situation. The software will then automatically send messages with the user's location to their emergency departments for timely assistance. The application will also issue the same alert if it detects a driver of a vehicle driving too long. The algorithm's quality is assessed through an average accuracy of 96.5%, which is better than the previous work (i.e., 93%).</span>

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 55
Shaimaa said soltan

In this document, we will present a new way to visualize the distribution of Prime Numbers in the number system to spot Prime numbers in a subset of numbers using a simpler algorithm. Then we will look throw a classification algorithm to check if a number is prime using only 7 simple arithmetic operations with an algorithm complexity less than or equal to O (7) operations for any number.

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 199
Yifei Li ◽  
Jinlin Wang ◽  
Xiao Chen ◽  
Jinghong Wu

Software Defined Network (SDN) currently is widely used in the implementation of new network technologies owing to its distinctive advantages. In changeable SDN environments, the update performance of SDN switches has significant importance for the overall network performance because packet processing could be interrupted by ruleset updating in SDN switches. In order to guarantee high update performance, we propose a new classification algorithm, SplitTrie, based on trie structures and trie splitting. SplitTrie splits rulesets according to the field type vectors of rules. The splitting can improve the update performance because it reduces the trie structure sizes. Experimental results demonstrated that SplitTrie could achieve 20 times of update speed in the complex rulesets comparing the method without trie splitting.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Pei Wang ◽  
Shuwei Wang ◽  
Yuan Zhang ◽  
Xiaoyan Duan

The objectives of this study were to improve the efficiency and accuracy of early clinical diagnosis of cervical cancer and to explore the application of tissue classification algorithm combined with multispectral imaging in screening of cervical cancer. 50 patients with suspected cervical cancer were selected. Firstly, the multispectral imaging technology was used to collect the multispectral images of the cervical tissues of 50 patients under the conventional white light waveband, the narrowband green light waveband, and the narrowband blue light waveband. Secondly, the collected multispectral images were fused, and then the tissue classification algorithm was used to segment the diseased area according to the difference between the cervical tissues without lesions and the cervical tissues with lesions. The difference in the contrast and other characteristics of the multiband spectrum fusion image would segment the diseased area, which was compared with the results of the disease examination. The average gradient, standard deviation (SD), and image entropy were adopted to evaluate the image quality, and the sensitivity and specificity were selected to evaluate the clinical application value of discussed method. The fused spectral image was compared with the image without lesions, it was found that there was a clear difference, and the fused multispectral image showed a contrast of 0.7549, which was also higher than that before fusion (0.4716), showing statistical difference ( P < 0.05 ). The average gradient, SD, and image entropy of the multispectral image assisted by the tissue classification algorithm were 2.0765, 65.2579, and 4.974, respectively, showing statistical difference ( P < 0.05 ). Compared with the three reported indicators, the values of the algorithm in this study were higher. The sensitivity and specificity of the multispectral image with the tissue classification algorithm were 85.3% and 70.8%, respectively, which were both greater than those of the image without the algorithm. It showed that the multispectral image assisted by tissue classification algorithm can effectively screen the cervical cancer and can quickly, efficiently, and safely segment the cervical tissue from the lesion area and the nonlesion area. The segmentation result was the same as that of the doctor's disease examination, indicating that it showed high clinical application value. This provided an effective reference for the clinical application of multispectral imaging technology assisted by tissue classification algorithm in the early screening and diagnosis of cervical cancer.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Yunsheng Song ◽  
Xiaohan Kong ◽  
Chao Zhang

Owing to the absence of hypotheses of the underlying distributions of the data and the strong generation ability, the k -nearest neighbor (kNN) classification algorithm is widely used to face recognition, text classification, emotional analysis, and other fields. However, kNN needs to compute the similarity between the unlabeled instance and all the training instances during the prediction process; it is difficult to deal with large-scale data. To overcome this difficulty, an increasing number of acceleration algorithms based on data partition are proposed. However, they lack theoretical analysis about the effect of data partition on classification performance. This paper has made a theoretical analysis of the effect using empirical risk minimization and proposed a large-scale k -nearest neighbor classification algorithm based on neighbor relationship preservation. The process of searching the nearest neighbors is converted to a constrained optimization problem. Then, it gives the estimation of the difference on the objective function value under the optimal solution with data partition and without data partition. According to the obtained estimation, minimizing the similarity of the instances in the different divided subsets can largely reduce the effect of data partition. The minibatch k -means clustering algorithm is chosen to perform data partition for its effectiveness and efficiency. Finally, the nearest neighbors of the test instance are continuously searched from the set generated by successively merging the candidate subsets until they do not change anymore, where the candidate subsets are selected based on the similarity between the test instance and cluster centers. Experiment results on public datasets show that the proposed algorithm can largely keep the same nearest neighbors and no significant difference in classification accuracy as the original kNN classification algorithm and better results than two state-of-the-art algorithms.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 259
Yuting Yang ◽  
Kenneth Kin-Man Lam ◽  
Xin Sun ◽  
Junyu Dong ◽  
Redouane Lguensat

Marine hydrological elements are of vital importance in marine surveys. The evolution of these elements can have a profound effect on the relationship between human activities and marine hydrology. Therefore, the detection and explanation of the evolution laws of marine hydrological elements are urgently needed. In this paper, a novel method, named Evolution Trend Recognition (ETR), is proposed to recognize the trend of ocean fronts, being the most important information in the ocean dynamic process. Therefore, in this paper, we focus on the task of ocean-front trend classification. A novel classification algorithm is first proposed for recognizing the ocean-front trend, in terms of the ocean-front scale and strength. Then, the GoogLeNet Inception network is trained to classify the ocean-front trend, i.e., enhancing or attenuating. The ocean-front trend is classified using the deep neural network, as well as a physics-informed classification algorithm. The two classification results are combined to make the final decision on the trend classification. Furthermore, two novel databases were created for this research, and their generation method is described, to foster research in this direction. These two databases are called the Ocean-Front Tracking Dataset (OFTraD) and the Ocean-Front Trend Dataset (OFTreD). Moreover, experiment results show that our proposed method on OFTreD achieves a higher classification accuracy, which is 97.5%, than state-of-the-art networks. This demonstrates that the proposed ETR algorithm is highly promising for trend classification.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 347
Máté Kolat ◽  
Olivér Törő ◽  
Tamás Bécsi

Environment perception is one of the major challenges in the vehicle industry nowadays, as acknowledging the intentions of the surrounding traffic participants can profoundly decrease the occurrence of accidents. Consequently, this paper focuses on comparing different motion models, acknowledging their role in the performance of maneuver classification. In particular, this paper proposes utilizing the Interacting Multiple Model framework complemented with constrained Kalman filtering in this domain that enables the comparisons of the different motions models’ accuracy. The performance of the proposed method with different motion models is thoroughly evaluated in a simulation environment, including an observer and observed vehicle.

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