structural features
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2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-29
Jun Yang ◽  
Weizhi Ma ◽  
Min Zhang ◽  
Xin Zhou ◽  
Yiqun Liu ◽  

Recommendation in legal scenario (Legal-Rec) is a specialized recommendation task that aims to provide potential helpful legal documents for users. While there are mainly three differences compared with traditional recommendation: (1) Both the structural connections and textual contents of legal information are important in the Legal-Rec scenario, which means feature fusion is very important here. (2) Legal-Rec users prefer the newest legal cases (the latest legal interpretation and legal practice), which leads to a severe new-item problem. (3) Different from users in other scenarios, most Legal-Rec users are expert and domain-related users. They often concentrate on several topics and have more stable information needs. So it is important to accurately model user interests here. To the best of our knowledge, existing recommendation work cannot handle these challenges simultaneously. To address these challenges, we propose a legal information enhanced graph neural network–based recommendation framework (LegalGNN). First, a unified legal content and structure representation model is designed for feature fusion, where the Heterogeneous Legal Information Network (HLIN) is constructed to connect the structural features (e.g., knowledge graph) and contextual features (e.g., the content of legal documents) for training. Second, to model user interests, we incorporate the queries users issued in legal systems into the HLIN and link them with both retrieved documents and inquired users. This extra information is not only helpful for estimating user preferences, but also valuable for cold users/items (with less interaction history) in this scenario. Third, a graph neural network with relational attention mechanism is applied to make use of high-order connections in HLIN for Legal-Rec. Experimental results on a real-world legal dataset verify that LegalGNN outperforms several state-of-the-art methods significantly. As far as we know, LegalGNN is the first graph neural model for legal recommendation.

Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 309 ◽  
pp. 122111
Yu-Hong Kang ◽  
Ze-Yu Ma ◽  
Xiao-Qi Zhang ◽  
Xian-Yong Wei ◽  
Yan-Jun Li ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 176 ◽  
pp. 114410
Naiyasit Yingkamhaeng ◽  
Thidarat Nimchua ◽  
Phitsanu Pinmanee ◽  
Juthamas Suwanprateep ◽  
Sarawut Rungmekarat ◽  

Zoleikha Jahanbakhsh-Nagadeh ◽  
Mohammad-Reza Feizi-Derakhshi ◽  
Arash Sharifi

During the development of social media, there has been a transformation in social communication. Despite their positive applications in social interactions and news spread, it also provides an ideal platform for spreading rumors. Rumors can endanger the security of society in normal or critical situations. Therefore, it is important to detect and verify the rumors in the early stage of their spreading. Many research works have focused on social attributes in the social network to solve the problem of rumor detection and verification, while less attention has been paid to content features. The social and structural features of rumors develop over time and are not available in the early stage of rumor. Therefore, this study presented a content-based model to verify the Persian rumors on Twitter and Telegram early. The proposed model demonstrates the important role of content in spreading rumors and generates a better-integrated representation for each source rumor document by fusing its semantic, pragmatic, and syntactic information. First, contextual word embeddings of the source rumor are generated by a hybrid model based on ParsBERT and parallel CapsNets. Then, pragmatic and syntactic features of the rumor are extracted and concatenated with embeddings to capture the rich information for rumor verification. Experimental results on real-world datasets demonstrated that the proposed model significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art models in the early rumor verification task. Also, it can enhance the performance of the classifier from 2% to 11% on Twitter and from 5% to 23% on Telegram. These results validate the model's effectiveness when limited content information is available.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 18-24
Olga Gorozhankina ◽  
Irina Vinokurova ◽  
Anvar Kadirmetov

The process of electrogalvanic production of coatings of increased thickness with layer-by-layer mechanical hardening is considered. The mode of deposition and the scheme of coating deposition, the research technique and the results of the X-ray analysis of internal stresses are presented.

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