Have you ever wondered why psychologists still can't agree on what intelligence is? Or felt dismayed by debates around individual differences? Criticising the pitfalls of IQ testing, this book explains the true nature of intelligent systems, and their evolution from cells to brains to culture and human minds. Understanding Intelligence debunks many of the myths and misunderstandings surrounding intelligence. It takes a new look at the nature of the environment and the development of 'talent' and achievement. This brings fresh and radical implications for promoting intelligence and creativity, and prompts readers to reconsider their own possibilities and aspirations. Providing a broad context to the subject, the author also unmasks the ideological distortions of intelligence in racism and eugenics, and the suppressed expectations across social classes and genders. This book is a must-read for anyone curious about our own intelligence.
The article presents a new look at one of the drawings in the album by E. Ushakova (PD 1723), which since the time of its fi rst publication by L. Maikov has been perceived by researchers as a caricatured portrait of Natalia Goncharova. The author identified the possible source of the drawing (a fashionable illustration from the “Ladiesʼ Journal” 1829, dating back to the image from the Parisian magazine “Petit Courrier des Dames, annonces des modes” for 1829); the details of the image were studied, the circumstances of its appearance in the Ushakovʼs album were revealed and arguments in favor of attributing this friendly cartoon towards Ekaterina Ushakova are proposed