nasal ala
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Katherine Hicks ◽  
J. Regan Thomas

Skin grafts may be used for coverage of facial defects in situations in which alternative methods of reconstruction, such as local flaps, are not an option. They may also be beneficial for patients who wish to avoid or who are not good candidates for more complex reconstruction. Full-thickness skin grafts often have a better color and texture match to adjacent skin when compared to split-thickness grafts; however, split-thickness grafts have lower metabolic demand and increased survival rate. Composite grafts may be very useful in the repair of defects with unique contour and support requirements, such as the nasal ala and eyelid. With all grafts, thoughtful planning and sound surgical technique are critical in achieving the best possible functional and aesthetic result.

2021 ◽  
Garrett D Locketz ◽  
Alexa Franco ◽  
Phillip Miller


Dawei Wang ◽  
Shixuan Xiong ◽  
Ning Zeng ◽  
Yiping Wu

Abstract Background The knowledge of the anatomy of the facial vein (FV) is essential for plastic surgery and filler injection. Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the variation and three-dimensional course of FV using computed tomographic angiography (CTA). Methods The CTA images of 300 FVs from 150 Asian patients were included in this study. The distance between each anatomical landmark and FV was measured to position the course. The depth of FV beneath the skin and the height of FV above the periosteum were measured at five anatomical planes. Results The facial vein showed a relatively constant course with a frequency of 7.0% variation. The average diameter of FVs was 2.42 ± 0.58 mm. The vertical distance between medial canthus, the midpoint of inferior orbital rim or external canthus and the facial vein was 10.28 ± 2.17 mm, 6.86 ± 2.02 mm, or 48.82 ± 7.26 mm, respectively. The horizontal distance between medial canthus, nasal alar or oral commissure and the facial vein was 6.04 ± 1.44 mm, 22.34 ± 3.79 mm, or 32.21 ± 4.84 mm, respectively. The distance between mandibular angle or oral commissure and the facial vein at the inferior of mandible was 24.99 ± 6.23 mm, or 53.04 ± 6.56 mm. The mean depth of FV beneath the skin at the plane of medial canthus, infraorbital, nasal ala, oral commissure, and mandible was 1.16 ± 0.99 mm, 5.83 ± 1.64 mm, 16.07 ± 4.56 mm, 14.92 ± 2.49 mm, and 9.67 ± 2.88 mm, respectively. The mean height of FV above the periosteum at the plane of medial canthus, infraorbital, nasal ala, and mandible was 1.17 ± 1.32 mm, 3.59 ± 1.48 mm, 3.92 ± 1.95 mm, and 3.50 ± 2.03 mm, respectively. Conclusions This study revealed the three-dimensional course of the facial vein with reference to the anatomical landmarks. The detailed findings of the facial vein will provide a valuable reference for plastic surgery and filler injection.

2021 ◽  
Fiore Casale ◽  
Hillary R. Elwood ◽  
Catherine N. Tchanque-Fossuo

2021 ◽  
Vol 156 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. S49-S50
Y Nishiyama-Fujita ◽  
Y Xu ◽  
D S Kondapi ◽  
G R Parkerson

Abstract Introduction/Objective Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis (PCC) is rare and shows skin lesion(s) confined to a circumscribed body region mostly in immunocompromised host, with no sign of simultaneous dissemination condition. PCC usually presents as non-specific skin lesions such as cellulitis, nodules, and ulcers, and can be misdiagnosed in biopsy. We present a case of PCC with extensive tissue destruction. Methods/Case Report A 43-year-old male, with a history of human immunodeficiency virus infection 17 years ago, presented with complaint of his nose slowly “being eaten away” over the past 5 years after a bike accident. Physical examination showed most of the left nasal ala was completely destroyed, with visualizable septum. The biopsy of the left nasal ala showed the dermis has numerous yeasts with marked variation in size and shape, in foamy stroma with little inflammation. The capsules of the yeasts were highlighted by Mucicarmine stain. Grocott methenamine silver stain showed budding yeasts. The diagnosis of cutaneous cryptococcosis, gelatinous type, was rendered. Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis was considered based on no disseminated disease found, positive serum cryptococcus antigen with low titer (1:20), the culture of the nasal lesion positive for Crptococcus Neoformans, and the history of skin injury. The patient received appropriate treatment for PCC subsequently. Results (if a Case Study enter NA) NA Conclusion We have demonstrated a very rare case of undiagnosed/untreated PCC causing extensive destruction of skin and underlying nasal tissue. Identification of the histological features of cutaneous cryptococcosis, shown in this case, is the key for making the correct diagnosis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Vasudha Abhijit Belgaumkar ◽  
Ravindranath Brahmadeo Chavan ◽  
Neelam Bhatt ◽  
Jheel Shriniwas Ambike

: Facial ulcers may be the manifestation of a wide variety of disorders with infective, inflammatory, granulomatous, or malignant etiopathogenesis, leading to challenges in differential diagnosis and management. Mucormycosis is an angio-invasive, rapidly spreading, and potentially fatal fungal infection beginning from the nose and paranasal sinuses after the inhalation of fungal spores, manifesting with cutaneous necrotic eschar. The rhinomaxillary region is the commonest site involved, particularly in immunocompromised individuals. Mucormycosis incidence in people with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is on the rise, especially in India during the second wave. Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for severe COVID-19 infection, as well as for mucormycosis. We report an elderly gentleman with uncontrolled diabetes, treated for the COVID-19 infection, who presented with an ulcer over the left nasal ala. This case report highlights the importance of high-index suspicion and prompt and aggressive multidisciplinary management of mucormycosis, as a life-saving measure.

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Mathew N. Nicholas ◽  
Annie Liu ◽  
Jocelyn Jia ◽  
Airiss R. Chan ◽  
Daniel B. Eisen

Soo Young Choi ◽  
Hee Jin Kang ◽  
Sung Wan Kim ◽  
Jin-Young Min

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