postoperative outcomes
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Hiroaki Nakashima ◽  
Shiro Imagama ◽  
Toshitaka Yoshii ◽  
Satoru Egawa ◽  
Kenichiro Sakai ◽  

AbstractThis prospective multicenter study, established by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and involving 27 institutions, aimed to compare postoperative outcomes between laminoplasty (LM) and posterior fusion (PF) for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), in order to address the controversy surrounding the role of instrumented fusion in cases of posterior surgical decompression for OPLL. 478 patients were considered for participation in the study; from among them, 189 (137 and 52 patients with LM and PF, respectively) were included and evaluated using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, the JOA Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ), and radiographical measurements. Basic demographic and radiographical data were reviewed, and the propensity to choose a surgical procedure was calculated. Preoperatively, there were no significant differences among the participants in terms of patient backgrounds, radiographical measurements (K-line or cervical alignment on X-ray, OPLL occupation ratio on computed tomography, increased signal intensity change on magnetic resonance imaging), or clinical status (JOA score and JOACMEQ) after adjustments. The overall risk of perioperative complications was found to be lower with LM (odds ratio [OR] 0.40, p = 0.006), and the rate of C5 palsy occurrence was significantly lower with LM (OR 0.11, p = 0.0002) than with PF. The range of motion (20.91° ± 1.05° and 9.38° ± 1.24°, p < 0.0001) in patients who had PF was significantly smaller than in those who had LM. However, multivariable logistic regression analysis showed no significant difference among the participants in JOA score, JOA recovery rate, or JOACMEQ improvement at two years. In contrast, OPLL progression was greater in the LM group than in the PF group (OR 2.73, p = 0.0002). Both LM and PF for cervical myelopathy due to OPLL had resulted in comparable postoperative outcomes at 2 years after surgery.

F1000Research ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
pp. 1262
Jean Noronha ◽  
Stephen Samuel ◽  
Vijay Pratap Singh ◽  
H Shivananda Prabhu

Background: Prehabilitation is a therapeutic strategy involving preoperative physical exercises, nutritional support, and stress and anxiety reduction. This approach has been gaining popularity and has been seeing effective results in adults in terms of improving pre and postoperative outcomes. The purpose of this review was to summarise the evidence about the effects of exercise-based prehabilitation programs on various outcome measures in children post elective surgeries.­­ Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, PEDro, CINAHL/EBSCO and EMBASE electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2021. Based on the inclusion criteria, titles and abstracts were independently screened by the authors. After that, a data extraction table of the selected studies which included the participants, type, and details of exercise intervention, outcome measures and results were analysed after which the quality assessment of the studies was done. Results: The search yielded 2219 articles of which three articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria with two studies being randomized controlled trials and one being a quasi-experimental pre-post type of study. One randomized controlled trial was on the effects of exercise-based prehabilitation in reducing pulmonary complications post cardiac surgeries in children and the other two studies were on the effects of prehabilitation on functional capacity & pulmonary function. All the three articles found that exercise-based prehabilitation had a positive effect on children’s post-surgery. Conclusion: Although there is a paucity of evidence-based literature, we conclude based on the existing literature retrieved by our review that exercise-based prehabilitation improves postoperative outcomes and helps in reducing postoperative complications in children undergoing various surgeries.

BMC Surgery ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Marios Papadakis ◽  
Afshin Rahmanian-Schwarz

Abstract Background A relationship between obesity and adverse outcomes in patients with post-sternotomy wounds undergoing pedicle flap reconstruction is not well-documented. In this study, we present a single-centre retrospective case series analysis of early postoperative outcomes of patients with infected post-sternotomy wounds undergoing pedicle flap reconstruction. We also propose a management algorithm for such patients, based on BMI and wound width. Methods We retrospectively analyzed all patients, who underwent pedicle flap reconstruction for major sternal wound infections after sternotomy for cardiac surgery in a tertiary hospital in Germany during a 5-year period. Exclusion criteria included patients younger than 18 years of age and patients with BMI < 18.5 kg/m2. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to BMI: normal-weight (NW; BMI < 25 kg/m2) and overweight/obese (OB/OW; BMI > 25 kg/m2). Both groups were compared in terms of preoperative parameters and early postoperative outcomes. Preoperative parameters included demographics, wound bacteria and comorbidities. Postoperative outcomes included duration of surgery time (from incision to skin closure), transfusion requirement (during surgery and entire hospital stay), onset of flap and donor-site complications, length of stay and 30-day mortality. We employed the two-tailed t-test to compare continuous variables and the two-sided Fischer’s exact test to compare categorical variables. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results The total sample consisted of 48 patients. Overall mean BMI was 28.4 (6.1) kg/m2. Mean age was 67 (12) years. The study group consisted of 28 patients with BMI > 25 kg/m2, who were compared with 20 normal-weight patients. There was a significant difference amongst both groups regarding duration of surgery (120 vs. 174 min, p < 0.05). Donor-site complications requiring intervention were observed in 30% of patients in both groups. Flap-related complications were recorded in 16 (57%) cases in the study group and 7 cases in the control group (35%, p = 0.15). Conclusions We conclude that wound width and BMI can aid the decision-making process for patients with infected sternal wounds after cardiac surgery requiring pedicle flap reconstruction. However, in our case series analysis, OB/OW patients were not found to be at statistically significantly increased risk for worse postoperative outcomes, but were associated with a longer duration of surgery.

Nicole J. Hung ◽  
Stephanie E. Wong

Abstract Purpose of Review As the incidence of shoulder arthroplasty continues to increase, there is growing interest in patient-based factors that may predict outcomes. Based on existing literature demonstrating gender-based disparities following total hip and knee arthroplasty, gender may also influence shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this review is to discuss the recent literature on the influence of gender on shoulder arthroplasty, focusing on differences in preoperative parameters, perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes. Recent Findings While both female and male patients generally benefit from shoulder arthroplasty, several differences may exist in preoperative factors, acute perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes. Preoperatively, female patients undergo shoulder arthroplasty at an older age compared to their male counterparts. They may also have greater levels of preoperative disability and different preoperative expectations. Perioperatively, female patients may be at increased risk of extended length of stay, postoperative thromboembolic events, and blood transfusion. Postoperatively, female patients may achieve lower postoperative functional scores and decreased range of motion compared to male patients. Differences in postoperative functional scores may be influenced by gender-based differences in activities of daily living. Finally, female patients may be at greater risk for periprosthetic fracture and aseptic loosening while male patients appear to be at greater risk for periprosthetic infection and revision surgery. Summary Current literature on the influence of gender on shoulder arthroplasty is limited and conflicting. Further research is necessary to delineate how gender affects patients at the pre- and postoperative levels to better inform decision-making and outcomes.

2022 ◽  
Vol Volume 15 ◽  
pp. 41-52
Xin Chen ◽  
Guang-Xun Lin ◽  
Gang Rui ◽  
Chien-Min Chen ◽  
Vit Kotheeranurak ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 71 (6) ◽  
pp. 2082-86
Aaishah Riaz ◽  
Bilal Umair ◽  
Asif Asghar ◽  
Muhammad Imtiaz ◽  
Raheel Khan ◽  

Objective: To evaluate the impact of enhanced recovery pathways (ERAS) on hospital stay and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing minimally invasive esophagectomy in comparison to conventional pathway. Study Design: Quasi experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Thoracic Surgery Department, Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Jul 2018 to Mar 2020. Methodology: A total of 80 patients who underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy were divided in two groups. Group A underwent ERAS pathway and group B underwent conventional pathway. Both groups were compared for demographic characteristics, mean ICU stay, length of hospital stay, commencement of oral intake, and time of chest drain removal, readmission rates, postoperative morbidity and mortality. Results: There was no significant difference in age, gender and diagnostic indication among both groups. ERAS group was found to have shorter mean ICU stay (1.18 ± 0.55 vs 2.06 ± 1.10 days p<0.012), shorter hospital stay (7.50 ± 1.23 vs 11.6 ± 3.65 days, p<.001), earlier commencement of oral feeding (4.30 ± 1.41 vs 9.10 ± 4.26 days, p<0.001) and early removal of chest drains (3.22 ± vs 4.11 ± 1.52 p<0.001); when compared to conventional group. Overall morbidity in ERAS group was 50 (40%) versus 65% (81.25%) in conventional group. Mortality was same in both groups (2.5%). There was no readmission in ERAS group. Conclusion: ERAS in minimally invasive esophagectomy is safe and has positive impact on postoperative outcomes with marked reduction in overall morbidity in comparison to conventional regime. Results can be enhanced by ensuring better compliance to its.......

2021 ◽  
pp. 105566562110698
Mary Carter Mullen ◽  
Flora Yan ◽  
Marvella E. Ford ◽  
Krishna G. Patel ◽  
Phayvanh P. Pecha

Objective To examine the impact of race/ethnicity on timing and postoperative outcomes of primary cleft lip (CL) and cleft palate (CP) repair. Design Cross-sectional analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric (NSQIP-P) database from 2013 to 2018. Patients and main outcome measures Patients under 2 years of age who underwent primary CL or CP repair were identified in the NSQIP-P. Outcomes were the timing of surgery and 30-day readmission and reoperation rates stratified by race and ethnicity. Results In total, 6021 children underwent CL and 6938 underwent CP repair. Adjusted rates of CL repair over time were 10% lower in Hispanic children (95%CI: 0.84–0.96) and 38% lower for Asian children (95%CI: 0.55–0.70) compared with White infants. CP repair rates over time were 13% lower in Black (95%CI: 0.79–0.95), 17% lower in Hispanic (95%CI: 0.77–0.89), and 53% lower in Asian children (95%CI: 0.43–0.53) than in White infants. Asian patients had the highest rates of delayed surgical repair, with 19.3% not meeting American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association (ACPA) guidelines for CL ( P < .001) and 28.2% for CP repair ( P< .001). Black and Hispanic children had 80% higher odds of readmission following primary CL repair (95%CI: 1.16–2.83 and 95%CI: 1.27–2.61, respectively). Conclusions This study of a national database identified several racial/ethnic disparities in primary CL and CP, with reduced receipt of cleft repair over time for non-White children. Asian patients were significantly more likely to have delayed cleft repair per ACPA guidelines. These findings underscore the need to better understand disparities in cleft repair timing and postoperative outcomes.

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
David Uihwan Lee ◽  
David Jeffrey Hastie ◽  
Ki Jung Lee ◽  
Gregory Hongyuan Fan ◽  
Elyse Ann Addonizio ◽  

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