hybrid energy storage system
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Author(s):  
Ali Gaeed Seger Al-Salloomee ◽  
Saeed Khosroabadi ◽  
Ali Abdulabbas Abdullah Albukariat

<p>In the last years, renewable energy (RE) is increasing widely in the energy sector, and microgrid technology is overgrowing. In this paper, stand-alone microgrid using solar photovoltaic (PV) energy as a source of renewable energy is simulated to provide power for direct current (DC) loads with hybrid energy storage system (HESS) which consists of battery and supercapacitor bank. The proposed microgrid system is tested under various cases of load and variable irradiance to confirm and validate the proposed management strategy to remain the DC bus voltage within a stable limit. The performance of DC microgrid is comparing with and without supercapacitor (SC) bank and notes a desirable decrease in the magnitude of transient voltage when using HESS. The sun power SPR-E19-320 standard was simulated to analyze system performance taking into account the constant load demand. Note that HESS helps reduce transient of DC voltage very effectively in all situations. Very large transients arise due to sudden changes in load demand is also compensated by HESS. The results obtained indicate that the stand-alone DC microgrid with HESS is very beneficial for reducing transient of DC-link voltage that occurs due to sudden change in load or fault. The proposed system is performed by MATLAB/Simulink environment.</p>


2022 ◽  
pp. 0309524X2110667
Author(s):  
Zahid Afzal Thoker ◽  
Shameem Ahmad Lone

Off-grid users can be provided with electricity via a hybrid integration of wind power generators and a diesel system functioning as a backup supply. However, due to wind power fluctuations and rapid load changes, system voltage and frequency variances may exceed permitted limits, resulting in aberrant system behavior. Therefore, to improve the dynamic performance of the wind-diesel power system, a hybrid energy storage system (HESS) made of battery and superconducting magnetic energy storage is installed with the system via a converter interface. Based on the switching manifold design, a sliding mode controller with the super-twisting feature is developed over the hybrid energy storage system (HESS) to carry out the required amount of power exchanges with the system accomplished through the control of converter operation. Lyapunov stability analysis is conducted to guarantee the asymptotic stability of the system. MATLAB simulations are performed to validate the improved performance of the system with the proposed scheme.


Author(s):  
Shangzhou Zhang

In order to ensure the stability and reliability of power supply and realize day and night power generation, wind and solar complementary power generation systems are built in areas with abundant solar and wind energy resources. However, the system investment cost is too high. Because of this, there are wind, light intermittent, and non-intermittent power generation systems. For issues such as stability, an energy storage system needs to be configured to stabilize power fluctuations. This paper aims to study the optimization control of hybrid energy storage system of new energy power generation system based on improved particle swarm algorithm. In this paper, the application of particle swarm algorithm to power system reactive power optimization has been researched in two aspects. Through optimization methods, reasonable adjustment of control variables, full use of equipment resources of the power grid, to improve voltage quality and reduce system operation network to ensure the stability of the voltage system. In addition, this paper selects the IEEE30 node test system and simulation data analysis, takes the hybrid energy storage system as the optimization object, and optimizes the reactive power of the newly improved particle swarm algorithm. The experiments in this paper show that the improved algorithm has a good effect in reactive power optimization, increasing the performance of the hybrid energy storage system by 27.02%. MPSO algorithm is also better than basic PSO algorithm. It can be seen from the figure that in the PSO algorithm, the algorithm basically tends to be stable after more than 40 iterations, and finally the algorithm converges to 0.089.


2022 ◽  
Vol 334 ◽  
pp. 06013
Author(s):  
Paolo Di Giorgio ◽  
Gabriele Scarpati ◽  
Giovanni Di Ilio ◽  
Ivan Arsie ◽  
Elio Jannelli

The thermal management of lithium-ion batteries in hybrid electric vehicles is a key issue, since operating temperatures can greatly affect their performance and life. A hybrid energy storage system, composed by the integration of a battery pack with a metal hydride-based hydrogen storage system, might be a promising solution, since it allows to efficiently exploit the endothermic desorption process of hydrogen in metal hydrides to perform the thermal management of the battery pack. In this work, starting from a battery electric scooter, a new fuel cell/battery hybrid powertrain is designed, based on the simulation results of a vehicle dynamic model that evaluates power and energy requirements on a standard driving cycle. Thus, the design of an original hybrid energy storage system for a plug-in fuel cell electric scooter is proposed, and its prototype development is presented. To this aim, the battery pack thermal power profile is retrieved from vehicle simulation, and the integrated metal hydride tank is sized in such a way to ensure a suitable thermal management. The conceived storage solution replaces the conventional battery pack of the vehicle. This leads to a significant enhancement of the on-board gravimetric and volumetric energy densities, with clear advantages on the achievable driving range. The working principle of the novel storage system and its integration within the powertrain of the vehicle are also discussed.


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