dynamic performance
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Salman Harasis ◽  
Saher Albatran ◽  
Eyad Almaita ◽  
Khaled Alzaareer ◽  
Qusay Salem ◽  

<p>Controlling weak grid-connected systems is very challenging. In transient, frequency and voltage oscillations may lead to voltage and/or frequency stability problems and finally lead to system collapse. During steady-state operation and at the point of common coupling (PCC), voltage degradation and grid voltage background harmonics restrict the inverter's functionality, reduce the power flow capability and cause poor power quality. With weak grid connection, grid impedance variance will contaminate the voltage waveform by harmonics and augment the resonance, destabilizing the inverter operation. In this paper, complete mathematical modeling is carried out and state feedback-plus-integral control is implemented to support the stabilization of the system. The proposed controller is adopted to provide a smooth transient under sudden load change by controlling the injected grid current under different grid inductance values. Furthermore, the proposed control is used to reduce the order and size of the inverter output filter while maintaining system stability. The proposed control has been compared with the conventional proportional integral (PI) controller under different scenarios to validate its effectiveness and to strengthen its implementation as a simple controller for distributed generator applications.</p>

Iliass Rkik ◽  
Mohamed El Khayat ◽  
Abdelali Ed-Dahhak ◽  
Mohammed Guerbaoui ◽  
Abdeslam Lachhab

<p>The main aim of this paper is to present a novel control approach of an induction machine (IM) using an improved space vector modulation based direct torque control (SVM-DTC) on the basis of imaginary swapping instant technique. The improved control strategy is presented to surmount the drawbacks of the classical direct torque control (DTC) and to enhance the dynamic performance of the induction motor. This method requires neither angle identification nor sector determination; the imaginary swapping instant vector is used to fix the effective period in which the power is transferred to the IM. Both the classical DTC method and the suggested adaptive DTC techniques have been carried out in MATLAB/SimulinkTM. Simulation results shows the effectiveness of the enhanced control strategy and demonstrate that torque and flux ripples are massively diminished compared to the conventional DTC (CDTC) which gives a better performance. Finally, the system will also be tested for its robustness against variations in the IM parameters.</p>

2022 ◽  
pp. 0309524X2110667
Zahid Afzal Thoker ◽  
Shameem Ahmad Lone

Off-grid users can be provided with electricity via a hybrid integration of wind power generators and a diesel system functioning as a backup supply. However, due to wind power fluctuations and rapid load changes, system voltage and frequency variances may exceed permitted limits, resulting in aberrant system behavior. Therefore, to improve the dynamic performance of the wind-diesel power system, a hybrid energy storage system (HESS) made of battery and superconducting magnetic energy storage is installed with the system via a converter interface. Based on the switching manifold design, a sliding mode controller with the super-twisting feature is developed over the hybrid energy storage system (HESS) to carry out the required amount of power exchanges with the system accomplished through the control of converter operation. Lyapunov stability analysis is conducted to guarantee the asymptotic stability of the system. MATLAB simulations are performed to validate the improved performance of the system with the proposed scheme.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 868
Mahmoud Nassary ◽  
Enric Vidal-Idiarte ◽  
Javier Calvente

Electric mobility is nowadays one of the more important trends regarding pollution reduction and global warming due to fuel consumption. Big efforts are done in order to develop efficient and reliable power electronic systems for electric vehicles. In two stage on board-battery chargers, one way of improving efficiency is by means of ensuring the DC-DC isolated converter always operates in the nominal input/output voltage ratio, that could be achieved with a variable DC-link operation. In this paper, a four-switch buck-boost based AC/DC converter is deeply analyzed in order to improve its dynamic performance, the power factor and the total harmonic distortion. The converter suffers from a non-minimum phase characteristic in different input–output transfer functions, which reduces the closed-loop bandwidth of the system. Therefore, after a deep converter analysis has been done, different solutions have been evaluated and tested. Finally, a control to different output transfer functions of the converter become minimum phase, which allows us to increase the system bandwidth and, consequently, high power factor, low harmonics distortion, single control structure and fast dynamics for wide output voltage range are achieved.

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