time control
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2022 ◽  
Vol 169 ◽  
pp. 104634
Author(s):  
Liquan Jiang ◽  
Shuting Wang ◽  
Yuanlong Xie ◽  
Sheng Quan Xie ◽  
Shiqi Zheng ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Author(s):  
Zhaobin Li ◽  
Bin Yang ◽  
Xinyu Zhang ◽  
Chao Guo

The centralized management of Software-Defined Network (SDN) brings convenience to Space-Air-Ground Integrated Networks (SAGIN), which also makes it vulnerable to Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS). At present, the popular detection methods are based on machine learning, but most of them are fixed detection strategies with high overhead and real-time control, so the efficiency is not high. This paper designs different defense methods for different DDoS attacks and constructs a multitype DDoS defense model based on a dynamic Bayesian game in the Software-Defined Space-Air-Ground Integrated Networks (SD-SAGIN). The proposed game model’s Nash equilibrium is solved based on the different costs and payoffs of each method. We simulated the attack and defense of DDoS in Ryu controller and Mininet. The results show that, under our model, the attacker and defender’s strategies are in a dynamic balance, and the controller can effectively reduce the defense cost while ensuring detection accuracy. Compared with the existing traditional Support Vector Machine (SVM) defense method, the performance of the proposed method is better, and it provides one of the references for DDoS defense in SD-SAGIN.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yasaman Haj Norouz Ali ◽  
Maryam Malekzadeh ◽  
Mohammad Ataei

Life ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 64
Author(s):  
Dongdong Bu ◽  
Shuxiang Guo ◽  
He Li

The surface electromyography (sEMG) signal is widely used as a control source of the upper limb exoskeleton rehabilitation robot. However, the traditional way of controlling the exoskeleton robot by the sEMG signal requires one to specially extract and calculate for complex sEMG features. Moreover, due to the huge amount of calculation and individualized difference, the real-time control of the exoskeleton robot cannot be realized. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel method using an improved detection algorithm to recognize limb joint motion and detect joint angle based on sEMG images, aiming to obtain a high-security and fast-processing action recognition strategy. In this paper, MobileNetV2 combined the Ghost module as the feature extraction network to obtain the pretraining model. Then, the target detection network Yolo-V4 was used to estimate the six movement categories of the upper limb joints and to predict the joint movement angles. The experimental results showed that the proposed motion recognition methods were available. Every 100 pictures can be accurately identified in approximately 78 pictures, and the processing speed of every single picture on the PC side was 17.97 ms. For the train data, the [email protected] could reach 82.3%, and [email protected]–0.95 could reach 0.42; for the verification data, the average recognition accuracy could reach 80.7%.


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