Meckel's Diverticulum
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2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 3668
Author(s):  
Gomalaadevee Rajaram ◽  
Pavin Kaur Bal Baldev Singh ◽  
Muhammad Firdaus Bin Madzlan ◽  
John Emmanuel Gilbert Fernandez ◽  
Nurdaliza Binti Mohd Badarudin

Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is a congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract resulting from incomplete obliteration of the vitellointestinal duct by 5th to 7th week of gestation. Incidence is 2% in the general population with a 2:1 male to female ratio. The various presentations of MD include gastrointestinal bleeding, intestinal obstruction, diverticulitis and intestinal perforation. Majority of the MD is asymptomatic however the potential risk of developing complication it's about 4-6%. Preoperative diagnosis of MD is challenging. We present 6 cases of MD managed at our centre over the course of 1 year. Two cases presented as intestinal obstruction secondary to mesodiverticular band from MD, one case with bleeding, two cases with intussusception and one case of meckel’s diverticulitis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Jen-Wei Chou ◽  
Chen-Shuan Chung ◽  
Tien-Yu Huang ◽  
Chia-Hung Tu ◽  
Chen-Wang Chang ◽  
...  

Background and Aims. Patients with Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) are difficult to preoperatively diagnose because of its endoscopic inaccessibility. Balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) allows endoscopic access to the entire small intestine. The aim of the current study was to investigate patients with MD diagnosed by BAE in Taiwan. Methods. We conducted a retrospective, multicenter study of patients with MD who were diagnosed by BAE in Taiwan. The clinical characteristics, endoscopic features, histopathological findings, treatment methods, and outcomes were analyzed. Results. A total of 55 patients with MD were enrolled (46 males and 9 females). The mean age at diagnosis was 34.1 years. Overt gastrointestinal bleeding (87.3%) was the primary indication for BAE, followed by abdominal pain (9.1%), suspected small bowel tumor (1.8%), and Crohn’s disease follow-up (1.8%). The mean distance between the ileocecal valve and MD was 71.6 cm (regarding diagnostic yields: BAE—100%, capsule endoscopy—40%, Meckel’s scan—35.7%, computed tomography—14.6%, small bowel series—12.5%, and angiography—11.1%; regarding endoscopic features of MD: a large ostium—89.1%, a small ostium—7.3%, and a polypoid mass—3.6%). Surgical treatment was performed in 76.4% patients, and conservative treatment was performed in 23.6% patients. The mean length of MD in 42 patients who underwent surgical resection was 5.2 cm (in 43 patients of MD with available histopathology: heterotopic gastric tissue, 42.4%, heterotopic gastric and pancreatic tissues, 7%; heterotopic pancreatic tissue, 4.7%; heterotopic colonic tissue, 2.3%; and a neuroendocrine tumor, 2.3%). Conclusions. The current study showed BAE is a very useful modality for detecting MD compared with other conventional modalities.


2021 ◽  
pp. 097321792110549
Author(s):  
Joseph J. Thomas ◽  
Matthew J. Thomas ◽  
Frieda Hulka ◽  
Bruce Sindel

Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal congenital malformation, occurring in 2% to 4% of all live births. Typical symptoms of MD include intestinal bleeding and bowel obstruction, but MD can also present with many atypical symptoms of varying severity, posing a diagnostic challenge with severe complications if left untreated. Neonates presenting with symptomatic MD are uncommon. In this report, we describe a neonatal case of MD in which the patient presented with atypical symptoms including distended abdomen and constipation mimick necrotizing enterocolitis. This case emphasizes the importance of clinically correlating a provisional diagnosis while maintaining a broad differential, including uncommon conditions in this age group such as MD.


Author(s):  
Rajendra K. Ghritlaharey

Abstract Objectives The primary objective of the present study was to review the demographics of infants and children operated upon for Meckel's diverticulum. The secondary objectives were to review the clinical characteristics, surgical procedures performed, postoperative complications, and the outcome. Materials and Methods This study is a single-institutional, retrospective study and descriptive in nature. It consisted of infants and children below 12 years who were operated upon for Meckel's diverticulum. This study was conducted at the author's department of pediatric surgery, and it was performed for 21 years from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2020. Results Eighty-four children below 12 years were operated upon for Meckel's diverticulum during the study period of 21 years. The ratio for males to females was 3:1. This study consisted of infants, (n = 22, 26.19%), children of 1 to 5 years of age (n =19, 22.61%), and children of 6 to 12 years of age (n = 43, 51.19%). Clinically, children with Meckel's diverticulum presented in the following order of frequency: (1) intestinal obstruction (n = 59, 70.23%), (2) perforation peritonitis (n = 17, 20.23%), (3) lower gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 4, 4.76%), and (4) incidental finding (n = 4, 4.76%). In 35 (41.66%) children, bowel gangrene was detected. One-fifth (n = 17) of Meckel's diverticulum was responsible for the secondary intussusception. In children (n = 84), for Meckel's diverticulum, surgical procedures were performed in the following order of frequency: (1) resection of Meckel's diverticulum, an adjacent segment of ileum and ileoileal anastomosis (n = 36, 42.85%); (2) Meckel's diverticulectomy (n = 32, 38.09%); (3) resection of Meckel's diverticulum, an adjacent segment of ileum with or without cecum and an ileostomy (n = 12, 14.28%); and (4) resection of Meckel's diverticulum, an adjacent segment of ileum, cecum, part of the colon, and ileocolic anastomosis (n = 4, 4.76%). In 8 (9.52%) children, complications were documented during the postoperative period. The present study observed three (3.57%) deaths during the postoperative period. Conclusion Meckel's diverticulum was one of the common causes of acute intestinal obstruction in infants and older children. Ninety percent of children with Meckel's diverticulum presented with features of an acute abdomen. Forty percent of children evidenced bowel gangrene during the surgical procedures. In these children, early diagnosis, timely referral, and institution of surgical therapy for acute abdomen/intestinal obstruction may prevent the development of bowel gangrene and the requirement of bowel resections to some extent.


Author(s):  
Nadia Laezza ◽  
Joana Bernardes Mafra ◽  
Ana Moura Figueiredo ◽  
Miguel Branco ◽  
Catarina Cunha

Author(s):  
Gulan Maree ◽  
Alaa Ghazlan ◽  
Hanna Kassab ◽  
Ali Alelayan ◽  
Ibrahem Sheikh Mohamad ◽  
...  

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