Single Center
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

33422
(FIVE YEARS 21471)

H-INDEX

117
(FIVE YEARS 42)

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 421-431
Author(s):  
Cerise Kleb ◽  
Muhammad Salman Faisal ◽  
Cristiano Quintini ◽  
Charles M Miller ◽  
K V Narayanan Menon ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Yuzhou Gan ◽  
Yi Sun ◽  
Jiayang Jin ◽  
Yifan Wang ◽  
Jiali Chen ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) is a rare inflammatory arthritis, with a higher incidence of malignancy. The aim of this study is to identify biomarkers for predicting malignancy in RS3PE. Methods A total of 51 patients with RS3PE from September 2007 to May 2019 were retrospectively reviewed and followed for up to 5 years, with 15 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 14 patients with elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA) as disease controls. Serum levels of angiogenesis cytokines were measured by electrochemiluminescent immunoassay and Luminex Human Magnetic Assay. Clinical data and laboratory parameters were analyzed to identify risk factors for malignancy. Results A total of forty-eight RS3PE patients (94.1%) were available with follow-up data; 8 patients (16.7%) were diagnosed with malignancy, of which 6 patients were hematological tumor; and 2 patients were solid tumors. Serum levels of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were exclusively higher in RS3PE patients with malignancy [14.21 (7.52, 23.18) ng/mL] than RS3PE patients without malignancy [4.32 (2.88, 7.42) ng/mL], OA [3.20 (2.20, 5.30) ng/mL], and EORA [3.20 (2.20, 5.30) ng/mL]. The optimal cut-off value of bFGF for malignancy was 10ng/mL in RS3PE. Logistic regression analysis indicated that elevation of bFGF was a risk factor for malignancy in RS3PE. Conclusions This study indicated that bFGF was elevated in RS3PE patients with malignancy and could serve as a biomarker for predicting paraneoplastic RS3PE.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Hee Kyong Na ◽  
Kee Don Choi ◽  
Young Soo Park ◽  
Hwa Jung Kim ◽  
Ji Yong Ahn ◽  
...  

Abstract Background/Aims: We aimed to develop an endoscopic scoring system to evaluate atrophic and intestinal metaplasia using narrow-band imaging (NBI) and near focus mode (NFM) to compare endoscopic scores with the Operative link for gastritis assessment (OLGA) and the Operative link for gastric intestinal metaplasia assessment (OLGIM). Methods: A total of 51 patients who underwent diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy were prospectively enrolled and endoscopic scoring using NBI and NFM was performed. Four areas (the lesser and greater curvatures of the antrum and the lesser and greater curvature side of the corpus) were observed and biopsies were taken. The degree of atrophy was scored from 0 to 2 according to the Kimura-Takemoto classification (0: C0-1, 1: C2-3, 2: O1-3). The degree of metaplasia was scored from 0 to 4 (0: no metaplasia, 1: presence of metaplasia at the antrum, 2: presence of metaplasia at the corpus, add score 1: presence of metaplasia for 1/2> observed field of the picture at the antrum, add score 2: 1/2 > observed field of the picture at the corpus). The endoscopic scores were compared to the OLGA and OLGIM staging. Results: The correlation coefficient for atrophy between the endoscopic and histologic scores was 0.70 (95% CI: 0.52–0.81 p <0.001) and for metaplasia, it was 0.75 (95% CI: 0.60–0.85; p <0.001). For atrophic gastritis, endoscopic score > 1 correlated with OLGA stage III and IV with a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and agreement of 88%, 74%, 75%, 87%, and 80.4%, respectively, and for metaplasia, an endoscopic score > 1 correlated with high OLGIM stage III and IV with 100%, 59%, 69%, 100%, and 78.4%, respectively. Conclusions: Endoscopic scoring for gastric atrophy and metaplasia using NBI-NFM correlate well with histologic staging.


Author(s):  
Hong Yoon ◽  
Jung-Ho Kim ◽  
Novan Krisno Adji ◽  
Seung-Hwan Yoon ◽  
James-Ki Shinn ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (4) ◽  
pp. 255-261
Author(s):  
Rezzan Eren Sadioglu ◽  
◽  
Mert Karaoglan ◽  
Merve Aktar ◽  
Sayeste Akkan Eren ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Allison G. Hays ◽  
Michael Schär ◽  
Gabriele Bonanno ◽  
Shenghan Lai ◽  
Joseph Meyer ◽  
...  

Aims: Inflammation plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD), however the impact of anti-inflammatory therapies to reduce those processes which promote atherosclerosis in CAD patients is unknown. We aimed to test the hypothesis that anti-inflammatory approaches improve impaired coronary endothelial function (CEF), a driver of coronary atherosclerosis, in stable CAD patients.Methods and Results: We performed a single-center, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial to assess whether low dose methotrexate (MTX), low dose colchicine (LDC), and/or their combination (MTX+LDC), improves CEF using non-invasive MRI measures in patients with stable CAD (N = 94). The primary endpoint was the MRI-detected change in coronary cross-sectional area from rest to isometric handgrip exercise (IHE), a predominantly nitric oxide-dependent endothelial dependent stressor. Coronary and systemic endothelial endpoints, and serum inflammatory markers, were collected at baseline, 8 and 24 weeks. Anti-inflammatory study drugs were well-tolerated. There were no significant differences in any of the CEF parameters among the four groups (MTX, LDC, MTX+LDC, placebo) at 8 or 24 weeks. Serum markers of inflammation and systemic endothelial function measures were also not significantly different among the groups.Conclusion: This is the first study to examine the effects of the anti-inflammatory approaches using MTX, LDC, and/or the combination in stable CAD patients on CEF, a marker of vascular health and the primary endpoint of the study. Although these anti-inflammatory approaches were relatively well-tolerated, they did not improve coronary endothelial function in patients with stable CAD.Clinical Trial Registration:www.clinicaltrials.gov, identifier: NCT02366091.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Lawal B. Abdullahi ◽  
Mohammad A. Mohammad ◽  
Lofty-John C. Anyanwu ◽  
Mohammad S. Aliyu ◽  
Bilya I. Liman

Intussusception is defined as the telescoping of a segment of the gastrointestinal tract within the lumen of the adjacent segment usually proximal to distal. It is a common cause of intestinal obstruction in children, rarely it can occur in adult. This condition is reported in both developed and developing countries, however there are few publications in Nigeria about the incidence, presentation and outcome of its management, most especially in children. This is a prospective study of pediatric patients managed in single center Kano over a period of 18months. The demographic data, clinical features, treatment and outcome of the management were evaluated and analyzed using SPSS version 23. Between June 2018 to December 2019, twenty-five children were managed with intussuception at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, there were 16 males and 9 females. The age of the patients ranges between 5 months to 6 years with most of patients in the ager range between 6 and 12 months. All of the 25 patients had exploratory laparotomy with manual reduction in 12 patients, while 13 patients had resection and anastomosis. Non-operative reduction using normal saline under ultrasound guidance was attempted for 2 patients, which was not successful. The length of hospital stay ranged between 4 days and 22 days. Few complications were observed which includes surgical site infection, wound dehiscence, postoperative ileus. One patient was re-operated for recurrent intussuception. Two patients died post operatively, while 23 patients were discharged home alive. Intussuception is still a common cause of intestinal obstruction in children in Kano. Late presentation was found to be associated with higher morbidity (complications).


2021 ◽  
pp. jnumed.121.262398
Author(s):  
Ida Sonni ◽  
Ely R Felker ◽  
Andrew T Lenis ◽  
Anthony E Sisk ◽  
Shadfar Bahri ◽  
...  

Diagnostics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 1896
Author(s):  
Yu Jin Im ◽  
Min Soo Kang ◽  
Sun Woong Kim ◽  
Duk Hyun Sung

In cardiac surgery, median sternotomy is often necessary during certain surgical processes and it can cause the rare complication of brachial plexus injury. Retraction of the rib cage during median sternotomy may produce a fracture of the first thoracic rib at the costovertebral junction which might penetrate or irritate the lower root of the brachial plexus. Because the C8 ventral root is located immediately superior to the first thoracic rib, the extraforaminal C8 root is thought to be the key location of brachial plexus injury by the first rib fracture. This report describes three cases of brachial plexus injury after median sternotomy in a single center. In our cases, fracture of the first rib and consequent brachial plexus injury is confirmed with imaging and electrophysiologic studies. The fracture of the first rib is not detected with standard plain images and it is confirmed only with CT or MRI studies. Advanced imaging tools are recommended to assess the first rib fracture when brachial plexus injury is suspected after median sternotomy.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jiwon Seo ◽  
Hyeonju Jeong ◽  
Iksung Cho ◽  
Geu-Ru Hong ◽  
Jong-Won Ha ◽  
...  

Background: Heterogeneous mechanisms may contribute to the occurrence of mitral annular calcification (MAC), however, little is known about the sex differences in MAC and the clinical implications of these differences. This study aimed to investigate clinical and imaging differences of MAC according to sex.Methods: In total, 537 patients (221 men) with MAC were identified by transthoracic echocardiography at a single center from January 2012 to June 2016. Moderate-to-severe MAC was defined as calcification extent ≥120° of the mitral annulus. Significant functional mitral stenosis (MS) was defined as a transmitral mean diastolic pressure gradient ≥5 mmHg.Results: Women more frequently had moderate-to-severe MAC and concomitant mitral regurgitation than men; however, significant functional MS was comparable between sexes. In the logistic regression analysis, old age, uncontrolled hypertension, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy were significantly associated with moderate-to-severe MAC in women, whereas ESRD and moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis were in men. In the Cox regression analysis, significant functional MS was associated with all-cause death in both sexes, although an independent association was found in only women.Conclusion: Women had more extended MAC than men. Significant functional MS was independently associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes in patients with MAC, which was more pronounced in women than in men.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document