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2022 ◽  
Vol 2 ◽  
Arantza Vega ◽  
M. Isabel Peña ◽  
Inés Torrado

Background:Rapid drug desensitization (RDD) allows first-line therapies in patients with immediate drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR) to chemotherapeutic drugs (ChD) and monoclonal antibodies (mAb). Desensitization in delayed drug reactions has traditionally used slow protocols extending up to several weeks; RDD protocols have been scarcely reported.Patients and Method:We retrospectively analyzed the patients referred to the Allergy Department, who had experienced a delayed DHR (> 6 h) related to a ChD or mAb and underwent an RDD protocol. The rate of successful administration of the offending drug and the presence of adverse reactions were evaluated.Results:A total of 93 RDDs were performed in 11 patients (including 6 men and 5 women, with a median age of 61 years). The primary DHR were maculopapular exanthema (MPE) (8), generalized delayed urticaria (1), MPE with pustulosis and facial edema (1), and facial edema with desquamative eczema (1). The meantime for the onset of symptoms was 3 days (range 1–16 days). RDD was performed using a protocol involving 8–13 steps, with temozolomide (25), bendamustine (4), rituximab (9), infliximab (24), gemcitabine (23), and docetaxel (8), within 4.6–6.5 h. Sixteen breakthrough reactions were reported during the RDD (17.2 %) in 5 patients; all were mild reactions including 11 delayed and 5 immediate reactions. All patients completed their treatment.Conclusions:RDD is a potentially safe and effective procedure in patients suffering from delayed reactions to ChD and mAb. It allows them to receive full treatment in a short period, thereby reducing time and hospital visits.

Cureus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Naif Z Almutairi ◽  
Abdulaziz M Almutairi ◽  
Ibrahim S Alduhayshi ◽  
Jarallah F Alfarraj ◽  
Mohammed A Alrawsaa ◽  

Children ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 69
Ting-Yu Wang ◽  
Yu-Tsun Su ◽  
Po-Jui Ko ◽  
Yea-Ling Chen ◽  
Hsiang-Hung Shih ◽  

The common clinical manifestations of Meckel’s diverticulum include painless lower gastrointestinal bleeding and intestinal obstruction due to intussusception. Intussusception induced by inverted Meckel’s diverticulum has rarely been reported; furthermore, there is no report thus far of chronic nocturnal abdominal pain as a presenting symptom in children with Meckel’s diverticulum. A 4-year-and-10-month-old girl with no significant history of previous illness presented with the sole complaint of chronic nocturnal abdominal pain for 3 months. The patient was reported to be asymptomatic during the day. A provisional diagnosis of chronic ileoileal intussusception was already under consideration in her previous hospital visits elsewhere. Physical examination revealed a soft, non-distended abdomen without tenderness. Imaging studies revealed ileoileal intussusception. Exploratory laparotomy showed ileoileal intussusception induced by an inverted Meckel’s diverticulum with ulceration. The patient underwent successful surgery and made a full recovery. We report this case to remind physicians that Meckel’s diverticulum should be considered in differential diagnosis of children presenting with the isolated symptom of chronic nocturnal abdominal pain.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
Haipeng Huang ◽  
Yukiko Itaya ◽  
Kouki Samejima ◽  
Shunichiro Ichinose ◽  
Tatsuya Narita ◽  

Abstract Background Progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) has been used in infertility cases in recent years, and several reports have stated that it has oocyte collection results similar to those of gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH-ant) protocol. For emergency fertility preservation, random-start ovarian stimulation is usually recommended. Therefore we compared the clinical outcomes of random-start PPOS with those of conventional random-start GnRH-ant protocols in fertility-preserving cases. Methods We retrospectively examined 86 cycles of oocyte collection, of which 56 were random-start GnRH-ant and 30 were random-start PPOS for fertility preservation at our hospital between January 2016 and April 2021. The primary outcome was the number of mature oocytes per cycle. The secondary outcome was the number of vitrified blastocysts per cycle for embryo freezing cases. Results No significant differences were noted in the number of days of stimulation, total dose of gonadotropin preparation, and the number of mature oocytes and vitrified blastocysts. The number of hospital visits for monitoring was significantly lower in the PPOS group. The start of menstruation before oocyte collection was significantly less in the PPOS group. Conclusions Random-start PPOS and GnRH-ant were similar in oocyte collection results. PPOS can reduce the number of hospital visits, thus reducing patient stress. PPOS at the start of the luteal phase can prevent the start of menstruation during ovarian stimulation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Solveig Halldorsdottir ◽  
Ragnhildur Gudrun Finnbjornsdottir ◽  
Bjarki Thor Elvarsson ◽  
Gunnar Gudmundsson ◽  
Vilhjalmur Rafnsson

Abstract Background In Iceland air quality is generally good; however, previous studies indicate that there is an association between air pollution in Reykjavik and adverse health effects as measured by dispensing of medications, mortality, and increase in health care utilisation. The aim was to study the association between traffic-related ambient air pollution in the Reykjavik capital area and emergency hospital visits for heart diseases and particularly atrial fibrillation and flutter (AF). Methods A multivariate time-stratified case-crossover design was used to study the association. Cases were those patients aged 18 years or older living in the Reykjavik capital area during the study period, 2006–2017, who made emergency visits to Landspitali University Hospital for heart diseases. In this population-based study, the primary discharge diagnoses were registered according to International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10). The pollutants studied were NO2, PM10, PM2.5, and SO2, with adjustment for H2S, temperature, and relative humidity. The 24-h mean of pollutants was used with lag 0 to lag 4. Results During the study period 9536 cases of AF were identified. The 24-h mean NO2 was 20.7 μg/m3. Each 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 was associated with increased risk of heart diseases (ICD-10: I20-I25, I44-I50), odds ratio (OR) 1.023 (95% CI 1.012–1.034) at lag 0. Each 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 was associated with an increased risk of AF (ICD-10: I48) on the same day, OR 1.030 (95% CI: 1.011–1.049). Females were at higher risk for AF, OR 1.051 (95% CI 1.019–1.083) at lag 0, and OR 1.050 (95% CI 1.019–1.083) at lag 1. Females aged younger than 71 years had even higher risk for AF, OR 1.077 (95% CI: 1.025–1.131) at lag 0. Significant associations were found for other pollutants and emergency hospital visits, but they were weaker and did not show a discernable pattern. Conclusions Short-term increase in NO2 concentrations was associated with heart diseases, more precisely with AF. The associations were stronger among females, and among females at younger age. This is the first study in Iceland that finds an association between air pollution and cardiac arrhythmias, so the results should be interpreted with caution.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 19-36
Jinhang Jiang ◽  
Karthik Srinivasan

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a severe effect on all facets of human society, including healthcare. One of the primary concerns in healthcare is understanding and mitigating the impact of the pandemic on pregnancy and childbirth. While several studies have looked at challenges such as contract tracing of positive cases, predicting confirmed cases and deaths in individuals and communities, few studies have examined differences in hospitalization and treatment of pregnant mothers and infant care in large populations. In this study, the prevalence and co-occurrence of pregnancy and childbirth-related diagnoses reported in Arizona State hospitals for three sixth-month periods - before COVID-19 (second half of 2019), COVID-19 onset (first half of 2020), and COVID-19 (second half of 2020) are analyzed using network analysis. The results show that there are considerable differences in ego networks of few diagnoses during these time periods warranting further investigation into the causality of such population changes.

Tugba Ramasli Gursoy ◽  
Tugba Sismanlar Eyuboglu ◽  
Ayse Aslan ◽  
Nagehan Emiralioğlu ◽  
Sevgi Pekcan ◽  

Objectives: We aimed to investigate depression, burnout, attitude, and burden of caregivers of children with cystic fibrosis (CF), and especially caregivers of children with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) due to limited number of studies on this topic, and to compare them according to their children’s clinical status. Methods: Clinical features and demographic data of children and their families were asked to caregivers in four pediatric pulmonology centers. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale (ZCBS), and Parental Attitude Research Instrument (PARI) were administered to caregivers in both groups. Results were compared between the two groups. Results: In total, 131 children with CF and 39 with PCD and their caregivers were involved in study. All primary caregivers were mothers in both groups. Depression, burnout, and burden scores of mothers of children with CF were significantly higher than mothers of children with PCD (p=0.017, p=0.024, p=0.038, respectively). Burnout was higher in both CF and PCD groups with low family income (p=0.022, p=0.034). Number of hospital visits in the previous six months was correlated with burnout in both CF and PCD groups (r=0.207, p=0.034; r=0.352, p=0.044). Conclusions: Although mothers of children with CF have higher depression, burnout, burden, and negative attitudes towards children than mothers of children with PCD, it is disregarded in mothers of children with PCD. Psychological problems of mothers of children with CF and PCD may increase with frequent hospital visits, hospitalizations, low family income, number of children, and chronic disease in another child.

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 ◽  
pp. 1-5
Gauravi A. Mishra ◽  
Nishu S. Goel ◽  
Sudeep Gupta ◽  
Sarbani Laskar ◽  
Apoorva V. Tiloda ◽  

Objectives: Although commonly practiced, the accuracy, effectiveness, and safety of screening patients for COVID-19 at hospital entrances is not well documented. Material and Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of single institution data involving screening patients for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection at hospital entrances by trained health personnel, with thermal scanning and administration of a standard questionnaire eliciting risk factors and symptoms of COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 positivity among patients screened positive and negative and among personnel involved in screening were estimated. Results: Between May 22, 2020, and July 4, 2020, a total of 20152 patients involving 54955 hospital visits were screened at hospital entrances of whom 668 (3.31%, 95% CI 3.07–3.57) were screened positive for suspected COVID-19 and 19484 (96.69%, 95% CI 96.44–96.93) were screened negative. Among patients screened positive, of the 638 patients with available records, 109 (17.08%, 95% CI 14.24–20.23) were confirmed to be SARS-CoV-2 positive by polymerase chain reaction test, 288 (45.14%, 95% CI 41.23–49.10) were negative, 71 (11.13%, 95% CI 8.79–13.83) were not tested after secondary assessment, and 170 (26.65%, 95% CI 23.25–30.26) patients declined the test. Among screen negative patients, 162 (0.83%, 95% CI 0.71–0.97) were SARS-CoV-2 positive. Of the 104 personnel involved in screening, 03 (2.88%, 95% CI 0.60–8.20) were confirmed to be SARS-CoV-2 positive during study period. Conclusion: Screening patients with a combination of thermal scanning and a standard questionnaire for COVID-19 has a high positive predictive value for detecting this infection with low risk of SARS-COV-2 transmission to the involved health personnel.

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