chemically modified
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2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 106955
Binqiao Ren ◽  
Yu Jin ◽  
Luyang zhao ◽  
Chongwei Cui ◽  
Xiaoxiao Song

2022 ◽  
Vol 194 ◽  
pp. 113014
Tonino G. Adessi ◽  
Yamile Ana ◽  
Cinthia C. Stempin ◽  
Mónica C. García ◽  
Fabricio R. Bisogno ◽  

Catalysts ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 92
Fernanda Guimarães Torres ◽  
Filipe Simões Teodoro ◽  
Leandro Vinícius Alves Gurgel ◽  
Flavien Bourdreux ◽  
Olfa Zayene ◽  

This work describes the application of raw and chemically modified cellulose and sugarcane bagasse for ipso-hydroxylation of aryl boronic acids in environmentally friendly reaction conditions. The catalytic efficiency of five support-[Cu] materials was compared in forming phenols from aryl boronic acids. Our investigation highlights that the CEDA-[Cu] material (6-deoxy-6-aminoethyleneamino cellulose loaded with Cu) leads to the best results under very mild reaction conditions. The optimized catalytic sequence, allowing a facile transformation of boronic acids to phenols, required the mandatory and joint presence of the support, Cu2O, and KOH at room temperature. CEDA-[Cu] was characterized using 13C solid-state NMR, ICP, and FTIR. The use of CEDA-[Cu] accounts for the efficacious synthesis of variously substituted phenol derivatives and presents very good recyclability after five catalytic cycles.

Toshimasa Harumoto ◽  
Hiroto Iwai ◽  
Mari Tanigawa ◽  
Toshiko Kubo ◽  
Toshiyuki Atsumi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
Rebecca E. Ibach ◽  
Nayomi Z. Plaza ◽  
Sai Venkatesh Pingali

While it is known that modifying the hydroxyls in wood can improve the decay resistance; what is often missing in the literature is whether these modifications alter wood nanostructure, and how these changes correlate to the improved decay resistance. Here, we used small angle neutron scattering (SANS) to probe the effects of alkylene oxide modifications on wood nanostructure. Southern pine wood samples were chemically modified to various weight percentage gains (WPG) using four different alkylene oxides: propylene oxide (PO), butylene oxide (BO), epichlorohydrin (EpH), and epoxybutene (EpB). After modification, the samples were water leached for 2 weeks to remove any unreacted reagents or homopolymers and then equilibrium moisture content (EMC) was determined at 90% relative humidity (RH) and 27°C. Laboratory soil block decay evaluations against the brown rot fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum were performed to determine weight loss and biological efficacy of the modifications. To assist in understanding the mechanism, SANS was used to study samples that were fully immersed in deuterium oxide (D2O). These measurements revealed that the modifications altered the water distribution inside the cell wall, and the most effective modifications reduced the microfibril swelling and preserved the microfibril structure even after being subject to 12 weeks of brown rot exposure.

Abhishek Aditham ◽  
Hailing Shi ◽  
Jianting Guo ◽  
Hu Zeng ◽  
Yiming Zhou ◽  

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