protein expression
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 800-806
Author(s):  
Jing Cao ◽  
Fan Yang ◽  
Haiyan Zhou ◽  
Duojiao Fan ◽  
Hengzhou Li ◽  
...  

Our study explores whether BMSC-exosomes overexpressing miR-141 can regulate Wnt signal to inhibit the malignant biological behavior of glioma cells. Thirty healthy mice were selected to construct a glioma mouse model and assigned randomly into the control group, miR-141 NC group, and miR-141 mimic group followed by analysis of cell proliferation, apoptosis, protein expression and mRNA expression by MTT method, flow cytometry, Western blot and RT-PCR methods. Compared with the other two groups, miR-141 mimic group showed reduced number of cell proliferation at 24 h and 48 h, decreased cell migration and invasion ability, and the increased cell apoptosis rate (P < 0.05). In miR-141 mimic group, the protein expression of miR-141 was the highest, while the protein expression of β-catenin, survivin and c-myc was the lowest (P < 0.05). In conclusion, BMSC-exosomes overexpressing miR-141 can inhibit the malignant biological behavior of GC cells possibly by inhibiting the activation of Wnt signaling pathway.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 739-746
Author(s):  
Zhihong Qiu ◽  
Li Yan ◽  
Juan Xu ◽  
Xiaojun Qian

Objective: The aim of our research was to evaluate Nrf2 in COPD treatment and relative mechanism by vivo study. Materials: The mice were divided into Normal, Model and CCL16 groups. Measuring Pathology and goblet cell number by HE or AB/PAS staining; Evaluating apoptosis cell number by TUNEL assay; using flow separation to analysis inflammatory cells in difference groups; MAPK and NF-κB(p65) protein expression were evaluated by IHC assay in tissues; Total protein concentration of MUC5AC, Nrf2, Bax and Bcl-2 were evaluated by WB assay. Results: Compared with Normal group, the pathology was deteriorate and goblet cell number were significantly up-regulation in Model group, apoptosis goblet cell number were significantly depressed (P < 0.001), lympbocyte rate and hypertrophic rate were significantly down-regulation and Eosinophils rate, Macrophage rate and Neutrophils rate were significantly up-regulation (P < 0.001, respectively) in Model group. By IHC assay, MAPK and NF-κB(p65) proteins expression significantly increased (P < 0.001, respectively) in Model group; by WB assay, MUC5AC and Bcl-2 protein expression were significantly up-regulation and Nrf2 and Bax proteins expression were significantly down-regulation (P < 0.001, respectively) in Model group. Nrf2 supplement, the COPD were significantly improved with relative inflammatory cells rates significantly improving and relative proteins improving. Conclusion: Nrf2 could improve COPD by inducing goblet cell apoptosis increasing via regulation MAPK/NF-κB(p65) pathway in vivo study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 788-793
Author(s):  
Lan Liu ◽  
Xinchao Cheng ◽  
Shaomin Li

This study investigated KLF7’s effect on sugar induced retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) biological activity. The RGCs cells divided into blank group (RA), high sugar group (RB), high sugar+NC group (RC) and high sugar+KLF7 group (RD) (transfected with KLF7 mimic) followed by analysis cell proliferation by MTT, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry and protein expression by western blot and ROS level. RB and RC group showed significantly reduced KLF7 mRNA and protein level compared to RA group (P < 0.05) without different between RB and RC group (P > 0.05). RD group had significantly increased LKF7 and Sirt1 protein expression (F = 113.3, P < 0.0, 01), reduced cell proliferation (P < 0.05) and increased RGCs apoptosis rate (P < 0.05) compared with RB and RC group. After 24 h, RB and RC group presented significantly higher ROS level (P < 0.05) which was reduced in RD group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, KLF7 can change sugar induced retinal ganglion cell biological activity and reduce the oxidative stress level.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
F. J. Siyal ◽  
R. A. Siddiqui ◽  
Z. Memon ◽  
Z. Aslam ◽  
U. Nisar ◽  
...  

Abstract The most common form of psycho-social dysfunction is anxiety with depression being related closely without any age bar. They are present with combined state of sadness, confusion, stress, fear etc. Glyoxalase system contains enzyme named glyoxalase 1 (GLO1).It is a metabolic pathway which detoxifies alpha-oxo-aldehydes, particularly methylglyoxal (MG). Methylglyoxal is mainly made by the breakdown of the glycolytic intermediates, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphates and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Glyoxylase-1 expression is also related with anxiety behavior. A casual role or GLO-1 in anxiety behavior by using viral vectors for over expression in the anterior cingulate cortex was found and it was found that local GLO-1 over expression increased anxiety behavior. The present study deals with the molecular mechanism of protective activity of eugenol against anxiolytic disorder. A pre-clinical animal study was performed on 42 BALB/c mice. Animals were given stress through conventional restrain model. The mRNA expression of GLO-1 was analyzed by real time RT-PCR. Moreover, the GLO-1 protein expression was also examined by immunohistochemistry in whole brain and mean density was calculated. The mRNA and protein expressions were found to be increased in animals given anxiety as compared to the normal control. Whereas, the expressions were decreased in the animals treated with eugenol and its liposome-based nanocarriers in a dose dependent manner. However, the results were better in animals treated with nanocarriers as compared to the compound alone. It is concluded that the eugenol and its liposome-based nanocarriers exert anxiolytic activity by down-regulating GLO-1 protein expression in mice.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 279-286
Author(s):  
Zhihong Qiu ◽  
Li Yan ◽  
Juan Xu ◽  
Xiaojun Qian

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate CC16 in COPD treatment and relative mechanism by vivo study. Materials and methods: The mice were divided into Normal, Model and CC16 groups. Measuring Pathology and goblet cell number by HE or AB/PAS staining; Evaluating apoptosis cell number by TUNEL assay; using flow separation to analysis inflammatory cells in difference groups; MAPK and NF-κB(p65) protein expression were evaluated by IHC assay in tissues; Total protein concentration of MUC5AC, CC16, Bax and Bcl-2 were evaluated by Western Blot (WB) assay. Results: Compared with Normal group, the pathology was deteriorate and goblet cell number were significantly up-regulation in Model group, apoptosis goblet cell number were significantly depressed (P < 0.001), lympbocyte rate and hypertrophic rate were significantly down-regulation and Eosinophils rate, Macrophage rate and Neutrophils rate were significantly up-regulation (P < 0.001, respectively) in Model group. By IHC assay, MAPK and NF-κB(p65) proteins expression were significantly increased (P < 0.001, respectively) in Model group; by WB assay, MUC5AC and Bcl-2 protein expression were significantly up-regulation and CC16 and Bax proteins expression were significantly down-regulation (P < 0.001, respectively) in Model group. CC16 supplement, the COPD were significantly improved with relative inflammatory cells rates significantly improving and relative proteins improving. Conclusion: CC16 could improve COPD by inducing goblet cell apoptosis increasing via regulation MAPK/NF-κB(p65) pathway In Vivo study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Pei Zhang ◽  
Nan Wu ◽  
Zhi-Jun Song ◽  
Zheng-Fu Tai

Tamoxifen is an effective drug for treating patients with advanced estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer (BC), but not for all ER + BC patients. Drug tolerance is the biggest obstacle. In this study, we designed an experiment to investigate whether paeoniflorin affects the ER + BC cell’s sensitivity to tamoxifen in the T47D and MCF-7 cell lines. Herein, we found that paeoniflorin inhibited cell proliferation without inducing apoptosis. However, it enhanced tamoxifen-induced apoptosis in both cell lines. Immunoblotting revealed that paeoniflorin significantly increased the already elevated Bax/Bcl2 protein expression ratio and the caspase 3 activity levels, both induced by tamoxifen. Paeoniflorin was also found to increase SIRT4 expression, and deletion of SIRT4 could significantly reverse the inhibition of cell proliferation induced by paeoniflorin and significantly decrease paeoniflorin-enhanced apoptosis induced by tamoxifen. Moreover, protein expression detection revealed that paeoniflorin enhanced the tamoxifen-induced inhibition of STAT3 activation. Besides, the deletion of SIRT4 could significantly increase STAT3 activation in the T47D and MCF-7 cells. In conclusion, paeoniflorin suppressed STAT3 activation to enhance the sensitivity of ER-positive breast cancer cells to tamoxifen through promoting SIRT4 expression.


Chemotherapy ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Cheng Yang ◽  
Na Xie ◽  
Zhifei Luo ◽  
Xiling Ruan ◽  
Yixin Zhang ◽  
...  

<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> We investigated the function of cell division cycle 6 (CDC6) on the prognosis in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). <b><i>Methods:</i></b> CDC6 protein expression levels in 121 patients with colorectal cancer and adjacent normal mucosa were detected by immunohistochemistry. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Compared to adjacent normal tissues, CDC6 mRNA level was overexpressed in CRC tissues. Moreover, CDC6 protein levels were expressed up to 93.39% (113/121) in CRC tissues in the cell nucleus or cytoplasm. However, there were only 5.79% (7/121) in normal mucosal tissues with nuclear expression. CDC6 expression was significantly correlated with TNM stage and tumor metastasis. The 5-year survival rate was lower in the high CDC6 expression group than the low group. After silencing of CDC6 expression in SW620 cells, cell proliferation was slowed, the tumor clones were decreased, and the cell cycle was arrested in G1 phase. In multivariate analysis, increased CDC6 protein expression levels in colon cancer tissues were associated with cancer metastasis, TNM stage, and patient survival time. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> CDC6 is highly expressed in CRC, and downregulation of CDC6 can slow the growth of CRC cells in vitro. It is also an independent predictor for poor prognosis and may be a useful biomarker for targeted therapy and prognostic evaluation.


Haematologica ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Fieke W. Hoff ◽  
Anneke D. Van Dijk ◽  
Yihua Qiu ◽  
Chenyue W. Hu ◽  
Rhonda E. Ries ◽  
...  

Pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains a fatal disease for at least 30% of patients, stressing the need for improved therapies and better risk stratification. As proteins are the unifying feature of (epi)genetic and environmental alterations, and are often targeted by novel chemotherapeutic agents, we studied the proteomic landscape of pediatric AML. Protein expression and activation levels were measured in 500 bulk leukemic patient samples and 30 control CD34+ samples, using the reverse phase protein arrays with 296 strictly validated antibodies. The multi-step “MetaGalaxy” analysis methodology was applied and identified nine protein expression signatures (PrSIG), based on strong recurrent protein expression patterns. PrSIGs were associated with cytogenetics and mutational state, and with both favorable or unfavorable prognosis. Analysis based on treatment (i.e., ADE vs. ADE plus bortezomib (ADEB)) identified three PrSIGs that did better with ADEB vs. ADE. When PrSIGs were studied in the context of genetic subgroups, PrSIGs were independently prognostic after multivariate analysis, suggesting a potential value for proteomics in combination with current classification systems. Proteins with universally increased (n=7) or decreased (n=17) expression were observed across PrSIGs. Expression of certain proteins significantly differentially expressed from normal could be identified, forming a hypothetical platform for personalized medicine.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Author(s):  
Guo-Biao Wu ◽  
Hui-Bo Du ◽  
Jia-Yi Zhai ◽  
Si Sun ◽  
Jun-Ling Cui ◽  
...  

Hemorrhagic shock is associated with activation of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). Previous studies demonstrated that central RAS activation produced by various challenges sensitizes angiotensin (Ang) II-elicited hypertension and that ERS contributes to the development of neurogenic hypertension. The present study investigated whether controlled hemorrhage could sensitize Ang II-elicited hypertension and whether the brain RAS and ERS mediate this sensitization. Results showed that hemorrhaged (HEM) rats had a significantly enhanced hypertensive response to a slow-pressor infusion of Ang II when compared to sham HEM rats. Treatment with either angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) 1 inhibitor, captopril, or ACE2 activator, diminazene, abolished the HEM-induced sensitization of hypertension. Treatment with the ERS agonist, tunicamycin, in sham HEM rats also sensitized Ang II-elicited hypertension. However, blockade of ERS with 4-phenylbutyric acid in HEM rats did not alter HEM-elicited sensitization of hypertension. Either HEM or ERS activation produced a greater reduction in BP after ganglionic blockade, upregulated mRNA and protein expression of ACE1 in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and elevated plasma levels of Ang II but reduced mRNA expression of the Ang-(1-7) receptor, Mas-R, and did not alter plasma levels of Ang-(1-7). Treatment with captopril or diminazene, but not phenylbutyric acid, reversed these changes. No treatments had effects on PVN protein expression of the ERS marker glucose-regulated protein 78. The results indicate that controlled hemorrhage sensitizes Ang II-elicited hypertension by augmenting RAS prohypertensive actions and reducing RAS antihypertensive effects in the brain, which is independent of ERS mechanism.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 402
Author(s):  
Matteo Rigato ◽  
Gianni Carraro ◽  
Irene Cirella ◽  
Silvia Dian ◽  
Valentina Di Di Vico ◽  
...  

Autosomal dominant polycystic disease (ADPKD) is the most frequent monogenic kidney disease. It causes progressive renal failure, endothelial dysfunction, and hypertension, all of which are strictly linked to oxidative stress (OxSt). Treatment with tolvaptan is known to slow the renal deterioration rate, but not all the molecular mechanisms involved in this effect are well-established. We evaluated the OxSt state in untreated ADPKD patients compared to that in tolvaptan-treated ADPKD patients and healthy subjects. OxSt was assessed in nine patients for each group in terms of mononuclear cell p22phox protein expression, NADPH oxidase key subunit, MYPT-1 phosphorylation state, marker of Rho kinase activity (Western blot) and heme oxygenase (HO)-1, induced and protective against OxSt (ELISA). p22phox protein expression was higher in untreated ADPKD patients compared to treated patients and controls: 1.42 ± 0.11 vs. 0.86 ± 0.15 d.u., p = 0.015, vs. 0.53 ± 0.11 d.u., p < 0.001, respectively. The same was observed for phosphorylated MYPT-1: 0.96 ± 0.28 vs. 0.68 ± 0.09 d.u., p = 0.013 and vs. 0.47 ± 0.13 d.u., p < 0.001, respectively, while the HO-1 expression of untreated patients was significantly lower compared to that of treated patients and controls: 5.33 ± 3.34 vs. 2.08 ± 0.79 ng/mL, p = 0.012, vs. 1.97 ± 1.22 ng/mL, p = 0.012, respectively. Tolvaptan-treated ADPKD patients have reduced OxSt levels compared to untreated patients. This effect may contribute to the slowing of renal function loss observed with tolvaptan treatment.


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