Journal of Islamic Pharmacy
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Published By Maulana Malik Ibrahim State Islamic University

2527-6123
Updated Thursday, 08 July 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 7-13
Author(s):  
Abdul Hakim ◽  
Yen Yen Ari Indrawijaya ◽  
Yuwono Yuwono

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-6
Author(s):  
Fahrauk Faramayuda ◽  
Faizal Hermanto ◽  
Ari Sri Windyaswari ◽  
Soraya Riyanti ◽  
Viola Aditya Nurhayati

Bungur  (Lagerstroemia loudonii T. B) is a type of plant widely grown in Indonesia and can be found in teak forests, mixed forests, and is found as ornamental plants or protective trees on the roadside. In the fruit section, Lagerstroemia loudonii is used as antituberculous and antimalarial. On the bark, the part is used as antidiarrheal. Based on some parts of the Lagerstroemia loudonii  plants' activity data, this plant has the potential to be developed into traditional medicine. Standardized traditional medicine material is necessary to identify efficacious compounds and characterization in some parts of Lagerstroemia loudonii. The purpose of this research is to develop Lagerstroemia loudonii into traditional herbal medicine or standardized herbal medicine. Identification of efficacious compounds and characterization of crude leaf drugs, bark, stems, and fruit of Lagerstroemia loudonii. The phytochemical screening phase of the crude drugs of leaves, bark, stems, and fruit ofLagerstroemia loudonii against includes examining alkaloids, flavonoids,  quinones, tannins, polyphenols, saponins, steroids and triterpenes, monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids. The determination of the characteristics of raw material carried out includes nonspecific parameters. Nonspecific parameters are the determination of total ash content, water-soluble ash content, acid insoluble ash content. each experiment was carried out three times and calculated the average yield and deviation.  Identification results of the class of efficacious compounds in some parts of the Lagerstroemia loudonii  plant are on the leaves and fruits containing alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, quinones, tannins, polyphenols, monoterpenoids, and sesquiterpenoids as well as steroids and triterpenoids. At the bark and stem, the bark contains alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, quinones, tannins, polyphenols, monoterpenoids, and sesquiterpenoids. Characterization results of Lagerstroemia loudonii  leaf extract total ash content 4.45 ± 0.30% w/w, water-soluble ash content 4.08 ± 0.27% w/w, acid insoluble ash content 0.59 ± 0.06% w/w, the extract specific gravity was 0.59 ± 0.063. Lagerstroemia loudonii  stem bark extract, total ash content 1.94 ± 0.12% w/w, water-soluble ash content 1.47 ± 0.03% w/w, acid insoluble ash content 0.24 ± 0.02% w/w, the extract specific gravity is 0.82 ± 0.01. Lagerstroemia loudonii  stem extract, total ash content3.18 ± 0.16% w/w, water-soluble ash content 2.36 ± 0.38% w/w, acid insoluble ash content 0.43 ± 0.07% w/w, extract specific grafity 0.81 ± 0.01. Lagerstroemia loudonii  fruit extract, total ash content 11.45 ± 1.16%w/w, water-soluble ash content 10.1 ± 1.49% w/w, acid insoluble ash content 1.46 ± 0.88% w/w,extract specific grafity 0.81 ± 0.01. Based on phytochemical screening data and the characterization of bungur plants potential to be developed into raw materials for traditional medicineKeywords: Lagerstroemia loudonii, secondary metabolite, raw material characterization


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 52-65
Author(s):  
Zahrotun Nisa' ◽  
Hajar Sugihantoro ◽  
Ach Syahrir ◽  
Dhani Wijaya

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 14-21
Author(s):  
Benni Iskandar ◽  
Santa Eni BR Sidabutar ◽  
Leny Leny
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 46-51
Author(s):  
Yuli Ainun Najih ◽  
Yuyun Nailufa ◽  
Dita Nurlita Rakhma ◽  
Bambang Widjaja ◽  
Lailatul Silviyah ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 40-45
Author(s):  
Edy Agustian Yazid ◽  
Abdul Wafi ◽  
Arina Saraswati

Iron is a chemical element that is found in almost every place on earth, including in well water or groundwater. Iron can be suspended in water with organic substances or inorganic solids in the form of ferrous cations (Fe2+) and ferries (Fe3+). The presence of iron that exceeds the threshold can cause detrimental effects such as corrosion of the piping, the color of the water turns brown, smells bad, and can cause health problems. The iron content in groundwater can be reduced so that it can be used as water that is fit for consumption or use in everyday life. This study aims to determine several types of techniques used to reduce iron in groundwater or well water through literature studies. Techniques covered include filtration, aeration, adsorption, coagulation, electrocoagulation, and cascade aerators. The results showed that the greatest reduction in efficiency was found in the combination type of adsorption technique and filtration technique by more than 99.1%, then followed by the electrocoagulation technique of  99.74%. From all the techniques studied in this study, it can be concluded that all techniques can reduce iron levels in which the combination of adsorption and filtration techniques is the most effective.Keywords: Technique, reduction, iron content, groundwater


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 28-34
Author(s):  
Meilina Ratna Dianti ◽  
Yen Yen Ari Indrawijaya
Keyword(s):  

2020 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 36-45
Author(s):  
Yani Ambari ◽  
Fitra Nanda Dwi Hapsari ◽  
Arista Wahyu Ningsih ◽  
Iif Hanifa Nurrosyidah ◽  
Butet Sinaga

Bibir merupakan salah satu bagian kulit yang membutuhkan perlindungan agar kelembaban bibir tetap terjaga. Akibat dari fungsi perlindungan yang buruk bibir menjadi kering, pecah-pecah, dan warna bibir menjadi kusam. Lip balm adalah sediaan yang diaplikasikan pada bibir untuk mencegah bibir kering dan melindungi dari efek lingkungan yang buruk. Kualitas fisik lip balm merupakan faktor yang harus dipenuhi sebelum sediaan lip balm dipasarkan ke konsumen. Pemilihan basis yang tepat akan menentukan kualitas kekerasan sehingga dapat diterima oleh masyarakat, karena basis merupakan pembentuk utama dari sediaan lip balm. beeswax mempunyai sifat sebagai pengikat yang baik, dimana membantu untuk menghasilkan massa yang homogen. Pada penelitian ini bahan aktif yang digunakan yaitu kayu secang karena mengandung senyawa brazilein yang bisa sebagai pewarna alami dan antiokasidan.. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental formulasi sediaan lip balm dengan menggunakan beeswax 5%, 10% dan 15%. Tujuan penelitian ini Mengetahui formulasi yang tepat sediaan lip balm dengan bahan aktif ekstrak kayu secang (Caesalpinia sappan L.), mengetahui stabilitas fisik sediaan lip balm dengan bahan aktif ekstrak kayu secang (Caesalpinia sappan L.), mengetahui konsentrasi basis yang sesuai, untuk mendapatkan sediaan lip balm yang berkualitas (sesuai standart farmasi). Hasil penelitian telah didapatkan formula yang bagus dengan karakteristik fisik yang sesuai dengan spesifikasi yang telah ditentukan meliputi pengamatan stabilitas, pengukuran pH, pengujian homogenitas, pengujian iritasi, pengujian kesukaan (Hedonic test) dan pengujian cycling test. formula yang tepat di dapat pada formula 1 dengan konsentrasi beeswax 5% menghasilkan tekstur warna, aroma, memiliki nilai daya lekat dan daya sebar yang baik, pH sesuai terhadap pH bibir, tidak mengiritasi, sediaan homogen, paling banyak disukai oleh responden dan stabil selama penyimpanan. Konsentrasi basis yang baik yaitu basis 5% pada formula 1 karena menghasilkan tekstur lip balm semi padat dan sangat halus.  Kata kunci : Lip balm, Beeswax , Bibir, Caesalpinia sappan


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