Scoping Review
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2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
pp. 100437
Andrea Sansone ◽  
Béatrice Cuzin ◽  
Emmanuele A. Jannini

2022 ◽  
Vol 153 ◽  
pp. 111739
Ekaterina Rhodes ◽  
Aaron Hoyle ◽  
Madeleine McPherson ◽  
Kira Craig

2021 ◽  
Vol 31 ◽  
pp. 100581
Robyn Moore ◽  
Shakila Dada ◽  
Mohammad Naushad Emmambux ◽  
Alecia Samuels

2021 ◽  
Vol 72 ◽  
pp. 102689
Yingyi Lin ◽  
Tomoko McGaughey ◽  
John P. Wilson

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (6) ◽  
pp. 1429-1445
Sumina Shrestha ◽  
Rayan JM Alharbi ◽  
Yvonne Wells ◽  
Christine While ◽  
Muhammad Aziz Rahman

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (10) ◽  
pp. 1-9
Sharleen Maduranayagam ◽  
Sasha Pinto ◽  
Leora Chiaromonte

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
pp. 48
Joice Cunningham ◽  
Frank Doyle ◽  
Jennifer M. Ryan ◽  
Barbara Clyne ◽  
Cathal Cadogan ◽  

Background: The burden of osteoarthritis (OA) to individuals and health systems is substantial and is expected to increase due to population ageing and rising prevalence of obesity and multimorbidity. Primary care-based models of care (MoCs) are being increasingly developed in response to this growing burden. However, these MoCs have yet to be formally reviewed. A MoC can be defined as an ‘evidence-informed strategy, framework or pathway that outlines the optimal manner in which condition-specific care should be delivered to consumers within a local health system’. Objective: To identify and describe the available research regarding the extent, nature and characteristics of MoCs for OA that have been developed or evaluated in primary care. Methods: A scoping review will be conducted in accordance with the Arksey and O’Malley scoping review framework and the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Systematic literature searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Web of Science and LILACs will be conducted from 2010 to present, aligning with publication dates of recent clinical guidelines. A structured iterative search of grey literature will be conducted. Full-text original quantitative or mixed method studies which describe the development or evaluation of MoCs for OA in primary care will be considered. Data will be charted and synthesised and a narrative synthesis will be conducted. Conclusions: This scoping review will provide a broad overview regarding the extent, nature and characteristics of the available literature on primary care based MoCs for OA. Findings will be used to identify gaps in the current evidence to identify areas for future research.

2021 ◽  
Anél Wiese ◽  
Emer Galvin ◽  
Irina Korotchikova ◽  
Deirdre Bennett

Amelia Parchment ◽  
Wendy Lawrence ◽  
Rachel Perry ◽  
Em Rahman ◽  
Nick Townsend ◽  

Abstract Aim To identify and map the available evidence regarding the implementation of Making Every Contact Count and/or Healthy Conversation Skills for both staff delivering and service users receiving the brief or very brief intervention/s. Methods A scoping review approach was used to rapidly map and provide an overview of the relevant literature, identify gaps in knowledge, and inform further, related research. Articles investigating experiences, perceptions and impact of Making Every Contact Count and/or Healthy Conversation Skills were included. Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies were eligible for inclusion, as were reviews and reports. Results Twenty-two articles were included in total. Healthy Conversation Skills training was found to be acceptable, and had a positive impact on staff confidence and competence in supporting behaviour change, across studies. Some positive effects of intervention exposure on the sedentary behaviour and dietary quality of service users were evidenced. Changes in confidence following Making Every Contact Count training were varied, as was perceived acceptability of the intervention for staff. Two studies highlighted positive impacts of the intervention on service user health; however, statistical significance was not reported. The perceived barriers and facilitators of implementation for both interventions mapped mostly to ‘Environmental Context and Resources’ on the Theoretical Domains Framework. Conclusion Healthy Conversation Skills is an acceptable and effective behaviour change intervention that could provide a consistent approach to Making Every Contact Count training and evaluation. Further research is warranted to evaluate this approach for more staff and service user groups.

2021 ◽  
Enrica Laura Santarcangelo ◽  
Diego Manzoni

AbstractHypnotisability is a multidimensional trait predicting the proneness to enter hypnosis and/or accept suggestions and is associated with several psychophysiological correlates. This scoping review reports the differences between individuals with high (highs) and low hypnotizability (lows) in the left cerebellar lobules IV–VI grey matter volume, in the excitability of the right motor cortex and in motor and non-motor functions in which the cerebellum may be involved. A reduced cerebellar inhibition may explain the greater excitability of the highs’ right motor cortex. The latter may be involved in their greater proneness to ideomotor behaviour following sensorimotor suggestions. The associated experience of involuntariness and effortlessness could be due to the motor cortex greater excitability as well as to activation of a specific cerebellar-parietal circuit. Looser postural and visuomotor control with no learning across trials and greater attentional stability can be accounted for by a less accurate cerebellar predictive model of information processing. The highs’ stronger functional equivalence between imagery and perception/action and greater motor excitability may be involved in the highs’ greater proneness to respond to emotional stimuli. Paradoxical pain control may depend on reduced cortical inhibition of the pain matrix by the cerebellum. Cerebellar hypotheses are not alternative to other physiological mechanisms and should be tested in future research.

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