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2022 ◽  
Vol 149 ◽  
pp. 107824
E.C. Silva-Alvarado ◽  
A. Martinez-Rios ◽  
E. Gallegos-Arellano ◽  
J.A. Martin-Vela ◽  
L.M. Ledesma-Carrillo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 148 ◽  
pp. 107697
Felipe Oliveira Barino ◽  
Renato Luiz Faraco-Filho ◽  
Deivid Campos ◽  
Alexandre Bessa dos Santos

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 61-70
F. Allakhverdiyeva

The article examines the tendency of changes in the hydrochemical regime of the water of the Main Shirvan collector over a long period of time and the suitability of the collector water for irrigation. Continuous laboratory analyzes performed between 2004 and 2019 were compared to 1986. According to experimental data, it was determined that the hydrochemical regime of the collector water is gradually improving, and the salt content is decreasing. The degree of mineralization of the collector water decreased by 2.3 times, the total hardness by 2.2 times, the number of chloride ions by 10.5 times, the number of calcium ions by 1.3 times, the number of magnesium ions by 2.8 times, the total number of cations sodium and potassium decreased by 3.9 times. For 2004–2019 biochemical oxygen consumption in collector water increased 7.9 times, chemical oxygen demand increased 7.5 times, and the number of suspended particles increased 9 times. The amount of iron ions in water decreased by 2 times, while the amount of aluminum and zinc did not change. The suitability of collector water for irrigation was determined according to 7 internationally accepted assessment criteria. Collector water is considered suitable for irrigation in accordance with 6 assessment criteria — the degree of salinity, irrigation coefficient, sodium sorption coefficient, potential salinity, water alkalinity index and percentage of sodium, as well as 1 criterion not suitable for irrigation — the percentage of magnesium. Collector water can be used to irrigate crops.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Leor Perl ◽  
Tamir Bental ◽  
Katia Orvin ◽  
Hana Vaknin-Assa ◽  
Gabriel Greenberg ◽  

Background: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a common complication of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Little is known regarding the impact of IMR over a long period of follow up.Methods: Of 3,208 consecutive STEMI patients from a prospective registry, full echocardiographic information was available for 2,985 patients between the years 2000 and 2020. We compared the two decades- 2001 to 2010 and 2011 to 2020, and assessed for the presence of IMR at baseline, 3 (range 2–6) months and 12 (range 10–14) months after the index event.Results: One thousand six hundred and sixty six patients were included in the first decade, 1,319 in the second. Mean patient age was 61.3 ± 12.3 years, 21.1% female patients in the first decade vs. 60.9 ± 12.0 years and 22.2% female in the second (p = 0.40 and p = 0.212, respectively). Rates of moderate IMR or above during the index admission were 17.2% in the first period and 9.3% in the second one (p < 0.001). After 3 months, the rate of IMR was 48.5% for those who suffered from IMR at baseline, vs. 9.5% for those without IMR at baseline (HR- 4.2, p < 0.001). Death rates for those with moderate IMR or above were 14.7% and 17.8% after 1 and 2 years, respectively, vs. 7.3 and 9.6% for those without (p < 0.001 for both). IMR was associated with 1 year mortality in multivariate analysis (HR-1.37; 1.09–2.20, p = 0.009), as well as in propensity score matched analysis (HR 1.29; CI: 1.07–1.91; p < 0.001).Conclusions: IMR is a common complication following acute STEMI, impacting prognosis. Rates of IMR have declined significantly over the years.

2022 ◽  
Wen Li ◽  
Xiu-Qun Yang ◽  
Jiabei Fang ◽  
Lingfeng Tao ◽  
Xiaozhuo Sang ◽  

Abstract The boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation (BSISO) is the most prominent tropical subseasonal signature especially over the western North Pacific (WNP). Due to restrictions of methodology in extracting BSISO with band-pass filtering or EOF decomposition, most of the previous studies ignored the asymmetry of BSISO. This study reexamines the BSISO events over WNP and their impacts on the East Asian precipitation. With a hierarchical cluster analysis, the BSISO events over WNP during the summers of 1985-2010 are classified into two categories, the long-period (30-60 day) and short-period (10-20 day) events. The long-period BSISO events manifest as a northward propagating mode with a significant phase asymmetry characterized by a fast development, but a slow decay of the intraseasonal convection. The fast development tends to cause a rapid reversal of the atmospheric anomalies over WNP from an anomalous anticyclone induced by the preceding slow convection suppression to an anomalous cyclone, leading to a fast northeastward retreat of the preceding enhanced western North Pacific subtropical high. Accordingly, the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River valley experience a rapid reversal from the increased precipitation to the decreased, while the precipitation in coastal South China keeps decreased. The short-period BSISO events which are symmetric in phase act as a northwestward propagating mode, mainly affecting East Asian precipitation in an oblique belt extending from southwest China to southern Japan and southern Korean Peninsula. Therefore, the two types of the BSISO events especially the asymmetric long-period BSISO events over WNP and their impacts on the East Asian precipitation revealed in this study would provide a new potential for subseasonal-to-seasonal forecast of the East Asian summer monsoon precipitation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (S1) ◽  

An Employee is the pillar of strength in an organization, his contribution towards work is vital. Several problems are faced by an employee while working in the organization; it can be in the form of his work life balance, interpersonal relationship with his superiors or colleagues, health issues, job satisfaction, and job commitment. The word ‘Cynicism’ denotes the belief that people always act selfishly. Employee Cynicism refers to an attitude that arises due to frustration, hopelessness etc. Now-a-days,Employers are willing to recruit an employee who is engaged in the organization for the long period. Engaging an employee with the organization is a difficult task. Employee Engagement insists to make an employee aligning with the company vision, mission, and goals. The researcher wants to study the impact of Cynicism behaviour on Employee Engagement at the workplace.

Nano Futures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Olga Konevtsova ◽  
Daria S. Roshal ◽  
Sergei B. Rochal

Abstract Moiré patterns (MPs), arising from the superposition of two lattices with close periods, are tightly related to the physicochemical properties of bilayer nanostructures. Here, we develop the theory of complex MPs emerging in twisted bilayer graphene and planar nets of double-walled nanotubes at significant relative twist and/or deformation of layers. The proposed theory clarifies the physicochemical regularities arising at sorting of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) by organic molecules, which self-assemble in regular coatings on both the tubes and planar graphene. We introduce and consider an outer tubular virtual lattice that is a parent structure for the deposited coating and due to this fact, its existence is crucial for the coating formation. As we show, such outer lattices exist only for successfully sorted SWCNTs and the superposition between the outer lattice and SWCNT forms a specific long-period MP. We explain known experimental results of SWCNT sorting by molecules of flavin group, poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-2,7-diyl) (PFO), and poly [(m-phenylenevinylene)-alt-(p-phenylenevinylene)] (PmPV). Also, our approach points out other organic molecules and polymers suitable for effective CNT sorting.

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