Ultraschall in der Medizin - European Journal of Ultrasound
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Published By Georg Thieme Verlag Kg

1438-8782, 0172-4614

Author(s):  
Werner Bader ◽  
Claudia Maria Vogel-Minea ◽  
Jens-Uwe Blohmer ◽  
Volker Duda ◽  
Christian Eichler ◽  
...  

AbstractFor many years, breast ultrasound has been used in addition to mammography as an important method for clarifying breast findings. However, differences in the interpretation of findings continue to be problematic 1 2. These differences decrease the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound after detection of a finding and complicate interdisciplinary communication and the comparison of scientific studies 3. In 1999, the American College of Radiology (ACR) created a working group (International Expert Working Group) that developed a classification system for ultrasound examinations based on the established BI-RADS classification of mammographic findings under consideration of literature data 4. Due to differences in content, the German Society for Ultrasound in Medicine (DEGUM) published its own BI-RADS-analogue criteria catalog in 2006 3. In addition to the persistence of differences in content, there is also an issue with formal licensing with the current 5th edition of the ACR BI-RADS catalog, even though the content is recognized by the DEGUM as another system for describing and documenting findings. The goal of the Best Practice Guideline of the Breast Ultrasound Working Group of the DEGUM is to provide colleagues specialized in senology with a current catalog of ultrasound criteria and assessment categories as well as best practice recommendations for the various ultrasound modalities.


Author(s):  
Cornelia Wiechers ◽  
Christian Poets ◽  
Markus Hoopmann ◽  
Karl Oliver Kagan

Abstract Objective To determine whether the prefrontal space ratio (PSFR), inferior facial (IFA) and maxilla-nasion-mandible angle (MNM), and the fetal profile line (FPL) are helpful in identifying fetuses with Robin sequence (RS) in cases with isolated retrognathia, and thus better predict the likelihood of immediate need for postnatal respiratory support. Methods This was a retrospective matched case-control study of fetuses/infants with isolated retrognathia with or without RS receiving pre- and postnatal treatment at the University Hospital of Tübingen, Germany between 2008 and 2020. The PFSR, IFA, MNM, and FPL were measured in affected and normal fetuses according to standardized protocols. Cases were stratified into isolated retrognathia and RS. Results 21 (n=7 isolated retrognathia, n=14 RS) affected fetuses and 252 normal fetuses were included. Their median gestational age at ultrasound examination was 23.6 and 24.1 weeks, respectively. In fetuses with isolated retrognathia and RS, the PSFR, IFA, and FPL were significantly different from the normal population. At a false-positive rate of 5%, the detection rate was 76.2% for the PFSR, 85.7% for the IFA, and 90.5% for both parameters combined. However, all parameters failed to distinguish between isolated retrognathia and RS. Conclusion PSFR and IFA are simple markers for identifying retrognathia prenatally. However, they are not helpful for the detection of RS in fetuses with isolated retrognathia. Therefore, delivery should take place in a center experienced with RS and potentially life-threatening airway obstruction immediately after birth.


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