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2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Kely Cristine Batista ◽  
Kayo Henrique Jardel Feitosa Sousa ◽  
Cristiane Aguiar da Silva Ruas ◽  
Regina Célia Gollner Zeitoune

ABSTRACT Objectives: to understand, from a worker’s health perspective, the knowledge of nursing professionals about the use of antineoplastic drugs in a general hospital. Methods: a descriptive and exploratory study with a qualitative approach. It was conducted at a university hospital, between April and August 2018, with 35 nursing professionals who responded to a semi-structured interview. Thematic analysis was used for data treatment. Results: from the data, three thematic categories emerged, related to the nursing professionals’ knowledge about antineoplastic drugs and their effects on workers’ health; situations in which exposure to these drugs occurs; and protection mechanisms for the patient, the environment, and the worker. Final Considerations: the nursing professionals had little knowledge about antineoplastic drugs. The practices related to handling and the necessary protective measures to deal with these drugs were empirically determined and relatively subsidized the knowledge acquired by the professionals.


2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (11) ◽  
pp. S81
Author(s):  
B. Flores Maldonado ◽  
A. Galvan Luna ◽  
V. Garcia Lopez ◽  
M.D.L.Á. Flores Manzur ◽  
M. Cordova Castillo ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 1-6
Author(s):  
GF Diomandé ◽  
◽  
PFEK Bile ◽  
FH Koffi ◽  
MP Konan ◽  
...  

Tropical endemic limboconjunctivitis remains an endemic and recurrent disease in children in the tropics and inter-tropics. Its clinical diagnosis is easy but its medical care remains complex


2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Beatriz Guitton Renaud Baptista de Oliveira ◽  
Joyce Beatriz de Abreu Castro ◽  
Emilly Freire Novaes Silva Lisboa ◽  
Hye Chung Kang ◽  
Márcia de Assunção Ferreira

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the presence of anemia in patients with chronic lower limb ulcers based on profile and hematometric indices. Method: This is a cross-sectional study carried out in a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro. The sample was composed of 64 participants with lower limb ulcers and evolution time greater than 12 weeks. Data was collected between May/2016 and December/2017 from hematological analyses, records from medical records, and wound assessment form. Results: 36 (56.2%) were male; 38 (59.4%) between 60 and 80 years old; 56 (87.5%) with chronic diseases and 52 (81.2%) with venous ulcers. 6 years mean of active ulceration. Anemia was detected in 36 (56.2%), 27 (75%) of which were normochromic and normocytic; 14 (38.8%) had deficiency anemia recorded in their medical chart. Conclusion: The low hemoglobin concentration is recurrent among the participants characterizing an anemia condition, whose profile reveals congruence to the anemia of chronic disease.


2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Maria Fabiana de Sena Neri ◽  
Renan Alves Silva ◽  
Jennara Cândido do Nascimento ◽  
Érica do Nascimento Sousa ◽  
Renata Rocha ◽  
...  

ABSTRACT Objectives: to analyze hand hygiene determinants of informal caregivers in a hospital environment. Methods: qualitative study conducted with 55 caregivers at a university hospital in the Northeast of Brazil. A semi-structured instrument was used, adapted from Nola Pender's Health Promotion Model, from which the deductive categories were derived. Results: the general behavior included hand hygiene before meals and after using the bathroom. Sensitivity to the requirements for hand hygiene was observed, but the barriers and self-efficacy consisted of the availability of soap or alcohol-based hand sanitizers, the lack of knowledge on the importance of and forgetfulness of the practice. The reinforcement on the importance of the practice and being in a contaminated environment were influencers, and commitment, warnings, and training were indispensable. Conclusions: benefits related to protection from infections were seen as positive determinants for hand hygiene adherence. For non-adherence, factors such as lack of sanitizing supplies, ignorance towards the importance of the activity, and forgetfulness stood out.


2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Khayra Sbahi ◽  
Brahim Kacem ◽  
Randa Talhi ◽  
Aicha Azaiz ◽  
Abderahmane Attar ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Urolithiasis is a pathology that changes with time and with the evolution of human societies. The prevalence of this pathology has gradually increased during the last decades, especially because of dietary changes. Methods This work is a retrospective descriptive epidemiological study of the temporal type carried out at the level of the urology service of the University Hospital Center of Oran between the first January 1965 and December 31, 2014. The objectives of this work are to study the epidemiological profile of urolithiasis and to determine the evolutionary trend of the disease over time. Results This study confirms some current data in the direction of an increase in surgical activity concerning the treatment of urinary stones. The analysis over time shows us a significant decrease (p < 0.01) in the male predominance between 1965 and 2014 with a M/F ratio which decreased from 3.09 to 1.82, as well as an increase in the average age, rising from 28.8 years in the period 1965–1974 to 48.3 years between 2005 and 2014. Conclusion The analysis of epidemiological data is essential to better evaluate the evolution of the urolithiasis disease, which was affirmed in our study, where a constant evolution of the characteristics of the disease was revealed, testifying the change of the socio-economic level in Algeria.


Author(s):  
Rose-Marie W. Thörn ◽  
Jan Stepniewski ◽  
Hans Hjelmqvist ◽  
Anette Forsberg ◽  
Rebecca Ahlstrand ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Early mobilization is a significant part of the ERAS® Society guidelines, in which patients are recommended to spend 2 h out of bed on the day of surgery. However, it is not yet known how early patients can safely be mobilized after completion of colorectal surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, and safety of providing almost immediate structured supervised mobilization starting 30 min post-surgery at the postoperative anesthesia care unit (PACU), and to describe reactions to this approach. Methods This feasibility study includes 42 patients aged ≥18 years who received elective colorectal surgery at Örebro University Hospital. They underwent a structured mobilization performed by a specialized physiotherapist using a modified Surgical ICU Optimal Mobilization Score (SOMS). SOMS determines the level of mobilization at four levels from no activity to ambulating. Mobilization was considered successful at SOMS ≥ 2, corresponding to sitting on the edge of the bed as a proxy of sitting in a chair due to lack of space. Results In all, 71% (n = 30) of the patients reached their highest level of mobilization between the second and third hour of arrival in the PACU. Before discharge to the ward, 43% (n = 18) could stand at the edge of the bed and 38% (n = 16) could ambulate. Symptoms that delayed advancement of mobilization were pain, somnolence, hypotension, nausea, and patient refusal. No serious adverse events occurred. Conclusions Supervised mobilization is feasible and can safely be initiated in the immediate postoperative care after colorectal surgery. Trial registration Clinical trials.gov identifier: NTC03357497.


2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi ◽  
Britta Kohlmorgen ◽  
Christin Schröder ◽  
Luis Alberto Peña Diaz ◽  
Norbert Thoma ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Early detection of clusters of pathogens is crucial for infection prevention and control (IPC) in hospitals. Conventional manual cluster detection is usually restricted to certain areas of the hospital and multidrug resistant organisms. Automation can increase the comprehensiveness of cluster surveillance without depleting human resources. We aimed to describe the application of an automated cluster alert system (CLAR) in the routine IPC work in a hospital. Additionally, we aimed to provide information on the clusters detected and their properties. Methods CLAR was continuously utilized during the year 2019 at Charité university hospital. CLAR analyzed microbiological and patient-related data to calculate a pathogen-baseline for every ward. Daily, this baseline was compared to data of the previous 14 days. If the baseline was exceeded, a cluster alert was generated and sent to the IPC team. From July 2019 onwards, alerts were systematically categorized as relevant or non-relevant at the discretion of the IPC physician in charge. Results In one year, CLAR detected 1,714 clusters. The median number of isolates per cluster was two. The most common cluster pathogens were Enterococcus faecium (n = 326, 19 %), Escherichia coli (n = 274, 16 %) and Enterococcus faecalis (n = 250, 15 %). The majority of clusters (n = 1,360, 79 %) comprised of susceptible organisms. For 906 alerts relevance assessment was performed, with 317 (35 %) alerts being classified as relevant. Conclusions CLAR demonstrated the capability of detecting small clusters and clusters of susceptible organisms. Future improvements must aim to reduce the number of non-relevant alerts without impeding detection of relevant clusters. Digital solutions to IPC represent a considerable potential for improved patient care. Systems such as CLAR could be adapted to other hospitals and healthcare settings, and thereby serve as a means to fulfill these potentials.


2021 ◽  
Vol 136 ◽  
pp. 11-17
Author(s):  
Franziskus Büchner ◽  
Marc Hoffman ◽  
Ute-Helke Dobermann ◽  
Birgit Edel ◽  
Thomas Lehmann ◽  
...  

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