Advancements in ship-based carbon capture technology on board of LNG-fuelled ships

2022 ◽  
Vol 114 ◽  
pp. 103575
Jasper A. Ros ◽  
Eirini Skylogianni ◽  
Vincent Doedée ◽  
Joan T. van den Akker ◽  
Alex W. Vredeveldt ◽  
2020 ◽  
Jennifer A. Rudd ◽  
Ewa Kazimierska ◽  
Louise B. Hamdy ◽  
Odin Bain ◽  
Sunyhik Ahn ◽  

The utilization of carbon dioxide is a major incentive for the growing field of carbon capture. Carbon dioxide could be an abundant building block to generate higher value products. Herein, we describe the use of porous copper electrodes to catalyze the reduction of carbon dioxide into higher value products such as ethylene, ethanol and, notably, propanol. For <i>n</i>-propanol production, faradaic efficiencies reach 4.93% at -0.83 V <i>vs</i> RHE, with a geometric partial current density of -1.85 mA/cm<sup>2</sup>. We have documented the performance of the catalyst in both pristine and urea-modified foams pre- and post-electrolysis. Before electrolysis, the copper electrode consisted of a mixture of cuboctahedra and dendrites. After 35-minute electrolysis, the cuboctahedra and dendrites have undergone structural rearrangement. Changes in the interaction of urea with the catalyst surface have also been observed. These transformations were characterized <i>ex-situ</i> using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We found that alterations in the morphology, crystallinity, and surface composition of the catalyst led to the deactivation of the copper foams.

2020 ◽  
Nayyereh hatefi ◽  
William Smith

<div>Ideal{gas thermochemical properties (enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs energy, and heat capacity, Cp) of 49 alkanolamines potentially suitable for CO2 capture applications and their carbamate and protonated forms were calculated using two high{order electronic structure methods, G4 and G3B3 (or G3//B3LYP). We also calculate for comparison results from the commonly used B3LYP/aug-cc-pVTZ method. This data is useful for the construction of molecular{based thermodynamic models of CO2 capture processes involving these species. The Cp data for each species over the temperature range 200 K{1500 K is presented as functions of temperature in the form of NASA seven-term polynomial expressions, permitting the set of thermochemical properties to be calculated over this temperature range. The accuracy of the G3B3 and G4 results is estimated to be 1 kcal/mol and the B3LYP/aug-cc-pVTZ results are of nferior quality..</div>

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