photoelectron spectroscopy
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2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 020801
Cheng-Tai Kuo ◽  
Giuseppina Conti ◽  
Julien E. Rault ◽  
Claus M. Schneider ◽  
Slavomír Nemšák ◽  

Satoshi Inoue ◽  
Yoshiaki HATTORI ◽  
Masatoshi KITAMURA

Abstract A trimethylsilyl-monolayer modified by vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light has been investigated for use in solution-processed organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs). The VUV irradiation changed a hydrophobic trimethylsilyl-monolayer formed from hexamethyldisilazane vapor into a hydrophilic surface suitable for solution processing. The treated surface was examined via water contact angle measurement and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. An appropriate irradiation of VUV light enabled the formation of a dioctyl[1]benzothieno[3,2-b][1]benzothiophene (C8-BTBT) film on a modified monolayer by spin-coating. Consequently, the C8-BTBT-based OTFT with a monolayer modified for an optimal VUV irradiation time exhibited a field-effect mobility up to 4.76 cm2 V−1 s−1. The partial monolayer modification with VUV can be adapted to a variety of solution-processes and organic semiconductors for prospective printed electronics.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 257
Avraham I. Bram ◽  
Irina Gouzman ◽  
Asaf Bolker ◽  
Nurit Atar ◽  
Noam Eliaz ◽  

In order to use polymers at low Earth orbit (LEO) environment, they must be protected against atomic oxygen (AO) erosion. A promising protection strategy is to incorporate polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) molecules into the polymer backbone. In this study, the space durability of epoxy-POSS (EPOSS) nanocomposites was investigated. Two types of POSS molecules were incorporated separately—amine-based and epoxy-based. The outgassing properties of the EPOSS, in terms of total mass loss, collected volatile condensable material, and water vapor regain were measured as a function of POSS type and content. The AO durability was studied using a ground-based AO simulation system. Surface compositions of EPOSS were studied using high-resolution scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was found that with respect to the outgassing properties, only some of the EPOSS compositions were suitable for the ultrahigh vacuum space environment, and that the POSS type and content had a strong effect on their outgassing properties. Regardless of the POSS type being used, the AO durability improved significantly. This improvement is attributed to the formation of a self-passivated AO durable SiO2 layer, and demonstrates the potential use of EPOSS as a qualified nanocomposite for space applications.

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 129
Yang Yue ◽  
Maosong Sun ◽  
Jie Chen ◽  
Xuejun Yan ◽  
Zhuokun He ◽  

High-quality AlN film is a key factor affecting the performance of deep-ultraviolet optoelectronic devices. In this work, high-temperature annealing technology in a nitrogen atmosphere was used to improve the quality of AlN films with different polarities grown by magnetron sputtering. After annealing at 1400–1650 °C, the crystal quality of the AlN films was improved. However, there was a gap between the quality of non-polar and polar films. In addition, compared with the semi-polar film, the quality of the non-polar film was more easily improved by annealing. The anisotropy of both the semi-polar and non-polar films decreased with increasing annealing temperature. The results of Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that the annihilation of impurities and grain boundaries during the annealing process were responsible for the improvement of crystal quality and the differences between the films with different polarities.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Yichen Jin ◽  
Mouhui Yan ◽  
Tomislav Kremer ◽  
Elena Voloshina ◽  
Yuriy Dedkov

AbstractA broad family of the nowadays studied low-dimensional systems, including 2D materials, demonstrate many fascinating properties, which however depend on the atomic composition as well as on the system dimensionality. Therefore, the studies of the electronic correlation effects in the new 2D materials is of paramount importance for the understanding of their transport, optical and catalytic properties. Here, by means of electron spectroscopy methods in combination with density functional theory calculations we investigate the electronic structure of a new layered van der Waals $$\hbox {FePX}_3$$ FePX 3 (X: S, Se) materials. Using systematic resonant photoelectron spectroscopy studies we observed strong resonant behavior for the peaks associated with the $$3d^{n-1}$$ 3 d n - 1 final state at low binding energies for these materials. Such observations clearly assign $$\hbox {FePX}_3$$ FePX 3 to the class of Mott–Hubbard type insulators for which the top of the valence band is formed by the hybrid Fe-S/Se electronic states. These observations are important for the deep understanding of this new class of materials and draw perspectives for their further applications in different application areas, like (opto)spintronics and catalysis.

Langmuir ◽  
2022 ◽  
Jessica C. Moreton ◽  
Jin Xiang Low ◽  
Katrina C. Penticoff ◽  
Seth M. Cohen ◽  
Lauren Benz

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 578
Agata Lisińska-Czekaj ◽  
Dionizy Czekaj

In the present paper, results of X-ray photoelectron studies of electroceramic thin films of barium strontium titanate, Ba1−xSrxTiO3 (BST), composition deposited on stainless-steel substrates are presented. The thin films were prepared by the sol-gel method. A spin-coating deposition of BST layers with different chemical compositions was utilized so the layer-type structure of (0-2) connectivity was formed. After the deposition, the thin-film samples were heated in air atmosphere at temperature T = 700 °C for 1 h. The surfaces of BST thin films subjected to thermal treatment were studied by X-ray diffraction. X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed the perovskite-type phase for all grown thin-film samples. The oxidation states of the elements were examined by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy survey spectra as well as high-resolution spectra (photo-peaks) of the main metallic elements, such as Ti, Ba, and Sr, were compared for the layer-type structures, differing in the deposition sequence of the barium strontium titanate layers constituting the BST thin film.

Shuya ASADA ◽  
Akihisa OGINO

Abstract The aim of this study is to form the sulfur defects on monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) by low temperature microwave plasma treatment suppressing disturbance of molecular structure. CVD-grown and plasma treated multilayer MoS2 surface were analyzed to investigate the effects of H2 and Ar plasma treatment on sulfur defects and molecular structure. It was found that the disturbance of molecular structure was suppressed in the H2 plasma treatment compared to the Ar plasma treatment. Varying the incident ratio of hydrogen ions H+ and radicals H*, the influences of H2 plasma treatment with high and low H*/H+ ratio on monolayer MoS2 structure were discussed. As a result of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence analysis, sulfur defects increased with the increase in total amount of radical incident on MoS2. In addition, it is speculated that the etching with radical contributed to form sulfur defects suppressing the disturbance of molecular structure.

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