scholarly journals Simulation and performance assessment of a modified throttled load balancing algorithm in cloud computing environment

Noha G. Elnagar ◽  
Ghada F. Elkabbany ◽  
Amr A. Al-Awamry ◽  
Mohamed B. Abdelhalim

<span lang="EN-US">Load balancing is crucial to ensure scalability, reliability, minimize response time, and processing time and maximize resource utilization in cloud computing. However, the load fluctuation accompanied with the distribution of a huge number of requests among a set of virtual machines (VMs) is challenging and needs effective and practical load balancers. In this work, a two listed throttled load balancer (TLT-LB) algorithm is proposed and further simulated using the CloudAnalyst simulator. The TLT-LB algorithm is based on the modification of the conventional TLB algorithm to improve the distribution of the tasks between different VMs. The performance of the TLT-LB algorithm compared to the TLB, round robin (RR), and active monitoring load balancer (AMLB) algorithms has been evaluated using two different configurations. Interestingly, the TLT-LB significantly balances the load between the VMs by reducing the loading gap between the heaviest loaded and the lightest loaded VMs to be 6.45% compared to 68.55% for the TLB and AMLB algorithms. Furthermore, the TLT-LB algorithm considerably reduces the average response time and processing time compared to the TLB, RR, and AMLB algorithms.</span>

2019 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 627-637
Sanaz Hosseinzadeh Sabeti ◽  
Maryam Mollabgher

Goal: Load balancing policies often map workloads on virtual machines, and are being sought to achieve their goals by creating an almost equal level of workload on any virtual machine. In this research, a hybrid load balancing algorithm is proposed with the aim of reducing response time and processing time. Design / Methodology / Approach: The proposed algorithm performs load balancing using a table including the status indicators of virtual machines and the task list allocated to each virtual machine. The evaluation results of response time and processing time in data centers from four algorithms, ESCE, Throttled, Round Robin and the proposed algorithm is done. Results: The overall response time and data processing time in the proposed algorithm data center are shorter than other algorithms and improve the response time and data processing time in the data center. The results of the overall response time for all algorithms show that the response time of the proposed algorithm is 12.28%, compared to the Round Robin algorithm, 9.1% compared to the Throttled algorithm, and 4.86% of the ESCE algorithm. Limitations of the investigation: Due to time and technical limitations, load balancing has not been achieved with more goals, such as lowering costs and increasing productivity. Practical implications: The implementation of a hybrid load factor policy can improve the response time and processing time. The use of load balancing will cause the traffic load between virtual machines to be properly distributed and prevent bottlenecks. This will be effective in increasing customer responsiveness. And finally, improving response time increases the satisfaction of cloud users and increases the productivity of computing resources. Originality/Value: This research can be effective in optimizing the existing algorithms and will take a step towards further research in this regard.

2019 ◽  
Vol 8 (2S11) ◽  
pp. 4071-4075

Cloud computing is defined as the resource that can be delivered or accessed by the local host from the remote server via the internet. Cloud providers typically use a "pay-as-you-go" model. The evolution of cloud computing has led to the evolution of modern environment due to abundance and advancement of computing and communication infrastructure. During user request, and system response generation, an amount load will be assigned in the cloud computing, where it may be over or under load. Due to heavy load, power consumption and energy management problems are created, and it makes system failure and lead data loss. Though, an efficient load balancing method is compulsory to overcome all mentioned problems. The objective of this work is to develop a metaheuristic load balancing algorithm to migrate multi-server for load balancing and machine learning techniques is used to increase the cloud resource utilization and minimize the make-span time of the task. Using an unsupervised machine learning technique, it is possible to predict the correct response time and waiting time of the servers by getting the prior knowledge about the virtual machines and its clusters. And this work involves to calculate the accuracy rate of the Round-Robin load balancing algorithm and then compared it with a proposed algorithm. By this work, the response time and waiting time can be minimized and also it increases the resource utilization and minimize the make- span time of the task.

Jameela Abdulla Hassan ◽  
Fahad Al-Dosari

Abstract— Cloud computing is a Participation in the process and storage operations across distant servers that are shared by many organizations and users and thus be transferred from an application to a service. The organization can share data over the Internet and user can pay only for the resources that will be used only. While cloud computing has disadvantages, there are some advantages for cloudlets have over cloud computing which include: lower network latency and users having full ownership of the data shared. When the need of data to be stored in the servers grows quickly, the workload in every resource will grow too. So, we need a load balancing algorithm and the load balancing is important issue in the cloud environment. Load balancing defined as a technique that divides the extra load equally across all the resources to ensure that no one resource overloaded. . So the performance of the cloud can be improved by having an excellent load balancing strategy. For that we will discuss the existing load balancing algorithms in cloud computing and propose algorithm to improve round robin algorithm by CloudAnalyst simulator  based on a factor of  response time and processing time  and the proposed algorithm was found to be best in response time and processing time when we compare it with round robin algorithms.   Index Terms— Cloud Computing, CloudAnalyst, Load Balance, Mobile Cloud Computing, Cloudlet Networks.

2018 ◽  
Vol 7 (4.7) ◽  
pp. 131
NV Abhinav Chand ◽  
A Hemanth Kumar ◽  
Surya Teja Marella

Emerging cloud computing technology is a big step in virtual computing. Cloud computing provides services to clients through the internet. Cloud computing enables easy access to resources distributed all over the world. Increase in the number of the population has further increased the challenge. The main challenge of cloud computing technology is to achieve efficient load balancing. Load balancing is a process of assigning load to available resources in such a way that it avoids overloading of resources. If load balancing is performed efficiently, it improves QoS metric including cost, throughput, response time, resource utilization and performance. Efficient load balancing techniques also provide better user satisfaction. Various load balancing algorithms are used in different scenarios for ensuring the same. In the current research, we will study different algorithms for load balancing and benefits and limitations caused to the system due to the algorithms. In this paper, we will compare static and dynamic load balancing algorithms for various measures of efficiency. These will be useful for future research in the concerned field. 

Cloud computing is a research trend which bring various cloud services to the users. Cloud environment face various challenges and issues to provide efficient services. In this paper, a novel Genetic Algorithm based load balancing algorithm has been implemented to balance the load in the network. The literature review has been studied to understand the research gap. More specifically, load balancing technique authenticate the network by enabling Virtual Machines (VM). The proposed technique has been further evaluated using the Schedule Length Runtime (SLR) and Energy consumption (EC) parameters. Overall, the effective results has been obtained such as 46% improvement in consuming the energy and 12 % accuracy for the SLR measurement. In addition, results has been compared with the conventional approaches to validate the outcomes.

2020 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Mahfooz Alam ◽  
Mahak ◽  
Raza Abbas Haidri ◽  
Dileep Kumar Yadav

Purpose Cloud users can access services at anytime from anywhere in the world. On average, Google now processes more than 40,000 searches every second, which is approximately 3.5 billion searches per day. The diverse and vast amounts of data are generated with the development of next-generation information technologies such as cryptocurrency, internet of things and big data. To execute such applications, it is needed to design an efficient scheduling algorithm that considers the quality of service parameters like utilization, makespan and response time. Therefore, this paper aims to propose a novel Efficient Static Task Allocation (ESTA) algorithm, which optimizes average utilization. Design/methodology/approach Cloud computing provides resources such as virtual machine, network, storage, etc. over the internet. Cloud computing follows the pay-per-use billing model. To achieve efficient task allocation, scheduling algorithm problems should be interacted and tackled through efficient task distribution on the resources. The methodology of ESTA algorithm is based on minimum completion time approach. ESTA intelligently maps the batch of independent tasks (cloudlets) on heterogeneous virtual machines and optimizes their utilization in infrastructure as a service cloud computing. Findings To evaluate the performance of ESTA, the simulation study is compared with Min-Min, load balancing strategy with migration cost, Longest job in the fastest resource-shortest job in the fastest resource, sufferage, minimum completion time (MCT), minimum execution time and opportunistic load balancing on account of makespan, utilization and response time. Originality/value The simulation result reveals that the ESTA algorithm consistently superior performs under varying of batch independent of cloudlets and the number of virtual machines’ test conditions.

Minakshi Sharma ◽  
Rajneesh Kumar ◽  
Anurag Jain

Cloud load balancing is done to persist the services in the cloud environment along with quality of service (QoS) parameters. An efficient load balancing algorithm should be based on better optimization of these QoS parameters which results in efficient scheduling. Most of the load balancing algorithms which exist consider response time or resource utilization constraints but an efficient algorithm must consider both perspectives from the user side and cloud service provider side. This article presents a load balancing strategy that efficiently allocates tasks to virtualized resources to get maximum resource utilization in minimum response time. The proposed approach, join minimum loaded queue (JMLQ), is based on the existing join idle queue (JIQ) model that has been modified by replacing idle servers in the I-queues with servers having one task in execution list. The results of simulation in CloudSim verify that the proposed approach efficiently maximizes resource utilization by reducing the response time in comparison to its other variants.

K. Balaji, Et. al.

The evolution of IT led Cloud computing technology emerge as a new prototype in providing the services to its users on rented basis at any time or place. Considering the flexibility of cloud services, innumerable organizations switched their businesses to the cloud technology by setting up more data centers. Nevertheless, it has become mandatory to provide profitable execution of tasks and appropriate  resource utilization. A few approaches were outlined in literature to enhance performance, job scheduling, storage resources, QoS and load distribution. Load balancing concept permits data centers to avert over-loading or under-loading in virtual machines that as such is an issue in cloud computing domain. Consequently, it necessitate the researchers to layout and apply a proper load balancer for cloud environment. The respective study represents a view of problems and threats faced by the current load balancing techniques and make the researchers find more efficient algorithms.

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