Machine Learning Techniques
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Warih Maharani ◽  
Veronikha Effendy

<span lang="EN-US">The popularity of social media has drawn the attention of researchers who have conducted cross-disciplinary studies examining the relationship between personality traits and behavior on social media. Most current work focuses on personality prediction analysis of English texts, but Indonesian has received scant attention. Therefore, this research aims to predict user’s personalities based on Indonesian text from social media using machine learning techniques. This paper evaluates several machine learning techniques, including <a name="_Hlk87278444"></a>naive Bayes (NB), K-nearest neighbors (KNN), and support vector machine (SVM), based on semantic features including emotion, sentiment, and publicly available Twitter profile. We predict the personality based on the big five personality model, the most appropriate model for predicting user personality in social media. We examine the relationships between the semantic features and the Big Five personality dimensions. The experimental results indicate that the Big Five personality exhibit distinct emotional, sentimental, and social characteristics and that SVM outperformed NB and KNN for Indonesian. In addition, we observe several terms in Indonesian that specifically refer to each personality type, each of which has distinct emotional, sentimental, and social features.</span>

2022 ◽  
Vol 206 ◽  
pp. 107778
Fabricio Alves de Almeida ◽  
Estevão Luiz Romão ◽  
Guilherme Ferreira Gomes ◽  
José Henrique de Freitas Gomes ◽  
Anderson Paulo de Paiva ◽  

Jarrel Seah ◽  
Tom Boeken ◽  
Marc Sapoval ◽  
Gerard S. Goh

AbstractMachine learning techniques, also known as artificial intelligence (AI), is about to dramatically change workflow and diagnostic capabilities in diagnostic radiology. The interest in AI in Interventional Radiology is rapidly gathering pace. With this early interest in AI in procedural medicine, IR could lead the way to AI research and clinical applications for all interventional medical fields. This review will address an overview of machine learning, radiomics and AI in the field of interventional radiology, enumerating the possible applications of such techniques, while also describing techniques to overcome the challenge of limited data when applying these techniques in interventional radiology. Lastly, this review will address common errors in research in this field and suggest pathways for those interested in learning and becoming involved about AI.

Chiako Mokri ◽  
Mahdi Bamdad ◽  
Vahid Abolghasemi

AbstractThe main objective of this work is to establish a framework for processing and evaluating the lower limb electromyography (EMG) signals ready to be fed to a rehabilitation robot. We design and build a knee rehabilitation robot that works with surface EMG (sEMG) signals. In our device, the muscle forces are estimated from sEMG signals using several machine learning techniques, i.e. support vector machine (SVM), support vector regression (SVR) and random forest (RF). In order to improve the estimation accuracy, we devise genetic algorithm (GA) for parameter optimisation and feature extraction within the proposed methods. At the same time, a load cell and a wearable inertial measurement unit (IMU) are mounted on the robot to measure the muscle force and knee joint angle, respectively. Various performance measures have been employed to assess the performance of the proposed system. Our extensive experiments and comparison with related works revealed a high estimation accuracy of 98.67% for lower limb muscles. The main advantage of the proposed techniques is high estimation accuracy leading to improved performance of the therapy while muscle models become especially sensitive to the tendon stiffness and the slack length.

Arinbjörn Kolbeinsson ◽  
Naman Shukla ◽  
Akhil Gupta ◽  
Lavanya Marla ◽  
Kartik Yellepeddi

Ancillaries are a rapidly growing source of revenue for airlines, yet their prices are currently statically determined using rules of thumb and are matched only to the average customer or to customer groups. Offering ancillaries at dynamic and personalized prices based on flight characteristics and customer needs could greatly improve airline revenue and customer satisfaction. Through a start-up (Deepair) that builds and deploys novel machine learning techniques to introduce such dynamically priced ancillaries to airlines, we partnered with a major European airline, Galactic Air (pseudonym), to build models and algorithms for improved pricing. These algorithms recommend dynamic personalized ancillary prices for a stream of features (called context) relating to each shopping session. Our recommended prices are restricted to be lower than the human-curated prices for each customer group. We designed and compared multiple machine learning models and deployed the best-performing ones live on the airline’s booking system in an online A/B testing framework. Over a six-month live implementation period, our dynamic pricing system increased the ancillary revenue per offer by 25% and conversion rate by 15% compared with the industry standard of human-curated rule-based prices.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Barnaby E. Walker ◽  
Allan Tucker ◽  
Nicky Nicolson

The mobilization of large-scale datasets of specimen images and metadata through herbarium digitization provide a rich environment for the application and development of machine learning techniques. However, limited access to computational resources and uneven progress in digitization, especially for small herbaria, still present barriers to the wide adoption of these new technologies. Using deep learning to extract representations of herbarium specimens useful for a wide variety of applications, so-called “representation learning,” could help remove these barriers. Despite its recent popularity for camera trap and natural world images, representation learning is not yet as popular for herbarium specimen images. We investigated the potential of representation learning with specimen images by building three neural networks using a publicly available dataset of over 2 million specimen images spanning multiple continents and institutions. We compared the extracted representations and tested their performance in application tasks relevant to research carried out with herbarium specimens. We found a triplet network, a type of neural network that learns distances between images, produced representations that transferred the best across all applications investigated. Our results demonstrate that it is possible to learn representations of specimen images useful in different applications, and we identify some further steps that we believe are necessary for representation learning to harness the rich information held in the worlds’ herbaria.

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