nuclear spin
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
Kenji Shimazoe ◽  
Mizuki Uenomachi ◽  
Hiroyuki Takahashi

AbstractSingle-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron-emission tomography (PET) are highly sensitive molecular detection and imaging techniques that generally measure accumulation of radio-labeled molecules by detecting gamma rays. Quantum sensing of local molecular environment via spin, such as nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers, has also been reported. Here, we describe quantum sensing and imaging using nuclear-spin time-space correlated cascade gamma-rays via a radioactive tracer. Indium-111 (111In) is widely used in SPECT to detect accumulation using a single gamma-ray photon. The time-space distribution of two successive cascade gamma-rays emitted from an 111In atom carries significant information on the chemical and physical state surrounding molecules with double photon coincidence detection. We propose and demonstrate quantum sensing capability of local micro-environment (pH and chelating molecule) in solution along with radioactive tracer accumulation imaging, by using multiple gamma-rays time-and-energy detection. Local molecular environment is extracted through electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the intermediate nuclear spin state by the explicit distribution of sub-MeV gamma rays. This work demonstrates a proof of concept, and further work is necessary to increase the sensitivity of the technique for in vivo imaging and to study the effect of scattered radiation for possible application in nuclear medicine.

2022 ◽  
Vol 64 (2) ◽  
pp. 206
А.В. Шумилин ◽  
Д.С. Смирнов

We consider the central spin model in the box approximation taking into account an external magnetic field and the anisotropy of the hyperfine interaction. From the exact Hamiltonian diagonalization we obtain analytical expressions for the nuclear spin dynamics in the limit of many nuclear spins. We predict the nuclear spin precession in zero magnetic field for the case of the anisotropic interaction between electron and nuclear spins. We calculate and describe the nuclear spin noise spectra in the thermodynamic equilibrium. The obtained results can be used for the analysis of the nuclear spin induced current fluctuations in organic semiconductors.

David Guarin ◽  
Diego Carnevale ◽  
Mathieu Baudin ◽  
Philippe Pelupessy ◽  
Daniel Abergel ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (6) ◽  
Sivaprasad Omanakuttan ◽  
Anupam Mitra ◽  
Michael J. Martin ◽  
Ivan H. Deutsch

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 16-24
Laith Ahmed Najam ◽  
Ayman Al Sawalha

This article addresses control for the chaos anti-synchronization of a high frequency oscillator nuclear spin generator (NSG), which generates and controls the oscillations of the motion of a nuclear magnetization vector in a magnetic field. Based on the Lyapunov stability theory, an adaptive control law is derived to make the states of two identical (NSG) asymptotically anti-synchronized with uncertain parameters. Finally, a numerical simulation is presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed chaos anti-synchronization scheme .

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (4) ◽  
A. A. Wood ◽  
R. M. Goldblatt ◽  
R. E. Scholten ◽  
A. M. Martin

2021 ◽  
Vol 923 (1) ◽  
pp. 71
Masashi Tsuge ◽  
Akira Kouchi ◽  
Naoki Watanabe

Abstract Hydrogen molecules have two nuclear spin isomers: ortho-H2 and para-H2. The ortho-to-para ratio (OPR) is known to affect chemical evolution as well as gas dynamics in space. Therefore, understanding the mechanism of OPR variation in astrophysical environments is important. In this work, the nuclear spin conversion (NSC) processes of H2 molecules on diamond-like carbon and graphite surfaces are investigated experimentally by employing temperature-programmed desorption and resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization methods. For the diamond-like carbon surface, the NSC time constants were determined at temperatures of 10–18 K and from 3900 ± 800 s at 10 K to 750 ± 40 s at 18 K. Similar NSC time constants and temperature dependence were observed for a graphite surface, indicating that bonding motifs (sp3 or sp2 hybridization) have little effect on the NSC rates.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document