Jonathan Singerton’s is the first work to analyze the impact of the American Revolution in the Habsburg lands in full. He narrates how the Habsburg dynasty first received struggled with the news of the American Revolution and then how they sought to utilize their connections with a sovereign United States of America. Overall, Singerton recasts scholarly conceptions of the Atlantic World and also presents a more globalized view of the eighteenth-century Habsburg world, highlighting how the American call to liberty was answered in the remotest parts of central and eastern Europe but also showing how the United States failed to sway one of the largest, most powerful states in Europe onto its side in the War for American Independence.
Besides the birth of new revolutionary concepts and methods, and of
new areas of research, mathematicians, logicians, and philosophers have
put into question the foundations of the discipline itself and the whole
meaning of “mathematical truth.” Before then, at the end of the eighteenth
century, mathematics was mainly concerned with explaining the “real
world” and its laws. At the beginning of the “modern era” things started
to change, sometimes slowly, other times abruptly. Abstract mathematics
was no longer intimately related to the real world and its description.
This abstract approach, both on research and on mathematical education,
generated critical reactions in the mathematical community, and
some “modern” ideas were rejected or neglected after several decades of