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2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (3) ◽  
pp. 308-320
Tatyana A. Shigurova

Introduction. The semantics of the fabric of the traditional costume is one of the underdeveloped topics in modern humanitarian studies. Meanwhile, the fabric can be interpreted as a chronicle of the history of culture. Being a man-made and material on which embroidery arose and developed, it was used in the customs and rituals of many peoples, including the Mordovians. The article deals with the semantics of the fabric of traditional Mordovian clothing, decorated with embroidery. Materials and Methods. The work investigates the museum collections of the Republic of Mordovia, the data from written sources of the Russian Geographical Society, archaeological research of Mordovian artefacts. The methodological basis is the comparative-historical, structural-semiotic and phenomenological approaches to the material. Results and Discussion. The analysis of the semantics of the fabric, decorated with the embroidery, and the conditions in which it was formed, makes it possible to reveal the intention of the master, the creator of the ethnoculture. It defined the various utilitarian, magical functions performed by canvas (hemp) and linen fabrics of traditional Mordovian clothing in the culture of the people, the economic, moral meanings of the fabric used in oral folk art. The Mordovians had woolen fabric as the most important material that replaced leather and fur in the manufacture of clothing and changed the appearance of the person wearing the costume. Its importance was recorded in many concepts of the Mordovian language, in folk ideas about wool as a source of magical properties. Conclusion. The semantics of the fabric of a traditional Mordovian costume reflects a person’s ideas about harsh natural conditions, the real world and the need to master it through creative activity in accordance with the laws of the traditional worldview. Fabric is also capable of transferring updated and relevant symbolic information about diligence, accuracy, moral qualities of a person, which could also be a means of regulating norms of behavior in society.

2021 ◽  
Paul Brassley ◽  
David Harvey ◽  
Matt Lobley ◽  
Michael Winter

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (3) ◽  
pp. 183-193
Boris V. Kovalev ◽  
Andrey P. Zhukov

The article compares the methods of describing the “alienated person”, landscape and interpersonal relationships in the novel “Do not Feed or Touch the Pelicans” by the contemporary Russian writer Andrey Astvatsaturov and in the novel “A Brief Lifeˮ by the Uruguayan prose writer Juan Carlos Onetti Borges. The aim of the work is to identify the points of contact between the texts of the Uruguayan and the Russian authors within the framework of the hermeneutic approach. The research reveals a number of similarities in the authors' poetics at the narratological, compositional, philosophical and socio-psychological levels. Particular attention is paid to the analysis and commenting of dialogues in Andrey Astvatsaturov and J.C. Onetti. The communication of the characters in the texts is unproductive, the characters are alienated from each other and from the “soilˮ, and the spiritual in them is in irreconcilable conflict with the bodily. Montevideo and Santa Maria with J.C. Onetti as loci are Latin American analogues of St. Petersburg with Andrey Astvatsaturov. The “carnivalˮ finals of the novels are compared. The conclusion is made about the typological similarity of Andrey Astvatsaturov and J.C. Onetti as authors who hold pessimistic views of the real world and model fictional worlds in an attempt to overcome the oppressive longing of reality. The authors borrow techniques and strategies for text arrangement from authors such as William Cuthbert Faulkner, Jerome David Salinger, and Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre while working on his novels. The question is raised about the further observation of the evolution of the poetics of Andrey Astvatsaturov and the subsequent comparison of his new texts with the novels of J.C. Onetti.

2022 ◽  
Vol 78 (01) ◽  
pp. 6604-2022

The labeling of products containing GMOs above 0.9% results from the provisions of the law in force in the European Union. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of genetically modified rape in feed used in feeding farm animals in Poland. The research was based on the real-time PCR technique, using primers and event-specific probes. A total of 900 samples were analyzed. The research identified canola line GT73, resistant to glyphosate. Only in 12 samples did the content of this oilseed rape exceed the threshold above which the product must be labeled as containing GMOs. Conducting such controls is extremely important because of the possibility of contamination of feed free from genetically modified organisms, which are increasingly used in animal nutrition.

2021 ◽  
Hatem Ltaief ◽  
Jesse Cranney ◽  
Damien Gratadour ◽  
Yuxi Hong ◽  
Laurent Gatineau ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 ◽  
pp. S30
M. Rosenfeld ◽  
J. Ostrenga ◽  
E. Cromwell ◽  
A. Fink ◽  
R. Szczesniak ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (2) ◽  
Karina Franco Zihlmann ◽  
Maria Cristina Mazzaia

ABSTRACT Educational Product and Technical-Technological Product constitute a specificity of postgraduate programs in the professional modality, a product that must be carefully evaluated by the programs and recorded on platforms of evaluating bodies. In 2019, a working group from the teaching area was assembled to create a Validation Form for these products. Thus, this article aims to present a proposal for improving this Validation Form for Educational/Technical-Technological Products, based on reflections treated in scientific articles and scientific events from the area, focusing on the relevance and need for this type of evaluation in a standardized way. It is intended to collaborate with the improvement of the evaluation processes and procedures of Educational/Technical-Technological Products for the necessary accuracy, representativeness, and homogeneity, which will allow the real dimensioning of the contributions of these products. This involves not only training qualified professionals, but also transforming practices in the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) [Brazil's Unified Health System], promoting advances in science and in its fields of application.

V. V. Gerasimenko

In modern terms, a new view of consumption is being formed, its impact on human health and the natural environment surrounding it, the commitment to the principles of a healthy lifestyle and a conscious attitude to the surrounding world is growing. As a reflection of these ideas, the trend for conscious, ethical consumption is actively developing. In response to the rapid development of digital communications of consumers and the formation of new demand parameters, there are changes in the market positioning of brands of companies around the world, so it is important to understand the vectors of these changes and the intensity of their impact. It is necessary to assess the real relevance of these issues, in particular, for the Russian markets. including representatives of various, especially youth, consumer audience. The purpose of this study is to obtain evidence of the use of the ideology of conscious consumption in the promotion of leading domestic and foreign brands represented on the Russian market on the example of clothing brands, as well as to test the perception of this ideology among young consumers. The applied methodology for analyzing the marketing content of leading foreign and Russian brands on the Internet showed a slight use of social and ethical parameters in marketing, and the survey of representatives of the youth audience of consumers of premium brands on the examples of clothing brands demonstrated that the parameters of conscious consumption are important for the surveyed youth audience, but differently affect their perception of the brand value.

Amber Ruiz ◽  
W. T. Longstreth ◽  
David L. Tirschwell ◽  
Claire J. Creutzfeldt

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (2) ◽  
pp. 136-144
V. E. Lutsenko ◽  
N. N. Ivashko

An attempt is made to consider in more detail the pantheistic views of the German philosopher Wilhelm Joseph Schelling on God and the world. His teaching is based on the idea ofthe all-unity ofbeing. God and the Universe are identified in his system, thereby affirming his highest reality. Proclaiming the identity of God and the world, Schelling does not mean the real world of concrete things and phenomena, but its absolute fundamental principle. But such identification was the relegation of God to the level of finite existence. It was necessary to look for new ways to solve the proЬlem.

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