soft tissue deformation
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2021 ◽  
pp. 75-90
Mohd Nadzeri Omar ◽  
Nasrul Hadi Johari ◽  
Mohd Hasnun Arif Hassan ◽  
Mohd Amzar Azizan

Mohd Nadzeri Omar ◽  
Yongmin Zhong

It is well accepted that soft tissue deformation is a combination of linear and nonlinear response. During small displacements, soft tissues deform linearly while during large displacements, soft tissues show nonlinear deformation. This paper presents a new approach for modelling of soft tissue deformation, from the standpoint of Mass Spring Method (MSM). The proposed MSM model is developed using conical spring methodology which allow the MSM model to have different stiffnesses at different displacements during deformation. The stiffness variation creates flexibility in the model to simulate any linear and nonlinear deformations. Experimental results demonstrate that the deformations by the proposed method are in good agreement with those real and phantom soft tissue deformations. Isotropic and anisotropic deformations can be accommodated by the proposed methodology via conical spring geometry and configuration of the springs. The proposed model also able to simulate typical viscoelastic behaviour of soft tissue.

2021 ◽  
Bhrigu K. Lahkar ◽  
Pierre-Yves Rohan ◽  
Jean-Jacques Yaacoub ◽  
Helene Pillet ◽  
Xavier Bonnet ◽  

AbstractSoft tissue deformation(STD) causes the most prominent source of error in skin marker (SM) based motion analysis, commonly referred to as Soft Tissue Artifact (STA). To compensate for its effect and to accurately assess in vivo joint kinematics, quantification of STD in three-dimension (3D) is essential. In the literature, different invasive and radiological approaches have been employed to study how STA propagates in joint kinematics. However, there is limited reference data extensively reporting distribution of the artifact itself in 3D.The current study was thus aimed at quantifying STD in 10 subjects along three anatomical directions. Biplanar X-ray system was used to determine true bone and SM positions while the subjects underwent quasi-static single leg flexion.STD exhibited inter-subject similarity. A non-uniform distribution was observed at the pelvis, thigh and shank displaying maximum at the thigh (up to 18.5 mm) and minimum at the shank (up to 8 mm). STD at the pelvis and thigh displayed inter-marker similarity. STD at the pelvis was found direction independent, showing similar distribution in all the 3 directions. However, the thigh and shank exhibited higher STD in the proximal-distal direction of the bone embedded anatomical reference frame. These findings may provide more insights while interpreting motion analysis data as well to effectively strategize STA compensation methods.

2020 ◽  
Dongliang Tan ◽  
Jiashi Zhao ◽  
Weili Shi ◽  
Xingzhi Li ◽  
Huamin Yang ◽  

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