Soft Tissue
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(FIVE YEARS 16452)



2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (1) ◽  
pp. 37-39
Shupeng Xiao

ABSTRACT Introduction: With the extensive and in-depth development of Taekwondo in China, more and more people participate in Taekwondo training. Due to the lack of experience of some coaches and the misunderstanding of scientific sports training by young athletes, injuries occur from time to time. This has a bad effect on Taekwond itself, and it can also damage the health of athletes. Objective: This article discusses joint injuries in Taekwondo and analyzes the characteristics of Taekwondo sports injuries and preventive methods. Methods: This article uses a questionnaire applied to young athletes to gain an understanding of the sports injuries situation. Results: The most common injury sites were feet and joints. The nature of the injuries is mostly soft tissue injury, ligament laceration, and muscle strain. The most serious injuries are kidney and perineal damage. Conclusion: Improving the level of training, strengthening medical supervision, and paying attention to the timely treatment of acute injuries are important ways to reduce the occurrence of trauma. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.

Jan Rustemeyer ◽  
Alexander Busch ◽  

Indolent tumor growth up to large tumor masses and broad infiltration of surrounding tissue are the most typical characteristics of malignant tumors of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. If surgery is a therapeutic option, extended resections and complex reconstruction modalities have to be taken into account. We present a combination of different reconstruction techniques to restore midface integrity after bilateral maxillectomy, including parts of the nasal skeleton, for adenoid cystic carcinoma. After obtaining tumor-free margins, reconstruction was performed using a microvascular double-flap technique to achieve a neo-maxilla and soft tissue lining of the oral cavity, dental implantology with prosthetic restoration and the insertion of a patient-specific implant for nasal re-shaping and stability. In cases of extended maxillary resection, a combination of different techniques can achieve sufficient functional and aesthetic rehabilitation, and restore quality of life. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the long-term stability of such complex reconstructions. However, local tumor control remains the highest priority and will be essential for years.

Oral Oncology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 125 ◽  
pp. 105710
Isabel Schausltz Pereira Faustino ◽  
Maria Georgaki ◽  
Alan Roger Santos-Silva ◽  
Pablo Agustin Vargas ◽  
Marcio Ajudarte Lopes

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Massimo Sartelli ◽  
Federico Coccolini ◽  
Yoram Kluger ◽  
Ervis Agastra ◽  
Fikri M. Abu-Zidan ◽  

AbstractSkin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) encompass a variety of pathological conditions that involve the skin and underlying subcutaneous tissue, fascia, or muscle, ranging from simple superficial infections to severe necrotizing infections.Together, the World Society of Emergency Surgery, the Global Alliance for Infections in Surgery, the Surgical Infection Society-Europe, The World Surgical Infection Society, and the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma have jointly completed an international multi-society document to promote global standards of care in SSTIs guiding clinicians by describing reasonable approaches to the management of SSTIs.An extensive non-systematic review was conducted using the PubMed and MEDLINE databases, limited to the English language. The resulting evidence was shared by an international task force with different clinical backgrounds.

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Yusuf Shieba ◽  
Mahmoud Khairy ◽  
Mohamed Elzouk ◽  
Albaraa Ali Mansour

Abstract Background Nodular fasciitis (NF) is a rare non-neoplastic inflammatory tumor and usually presents as a painless, rapidly growing subcutaneous soft tissue mass. The head and neck are relatively common locations for nodular fasciitis, particularly in children. NF in the trachea is rare and may evolve to a fatal condition, especially due to its rapidly growing nature that can cause life-threatening tracheal obstruction. Case presentation We report the case of a 5-year-old child with NF in the trachea and subtotal tracheal obstruction. Bronchoscopy and biopsy proved the diagnosis, and bronchoscopic excision of the tumor was performed. Conclusions NF is a rare airway tumor, occurring mostly in adults, and may presenting with pneumonia-like symptoms. Early detection of the lesion is essential to avoid life-threatening airway obstruction.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 87-89
Anupam Kaur ◽  
Amandeep Kaur

Macrodactyly is a rare congenital malformation with clinical manifestations such as enlargement of soft tissue and osseous elements. It causes various health issues such as pain, difficulty in wearing shoes, impairment in ambulatory ability and gait development, aesthetic problem, and psychological issues. The aetiology of macrodactyly is ambiguous; however, its association with PIK3CA /AKT1 genes has been reported recently. In the present study, a rare congenital macrodactyly of second and third toe of right foot along with deformed leg in 16-year-old girl has been reported. A progressive increase in the size of the second and third toe of the right foot and deformed reddish swollen area on the same lower leg below knee was seen in the patient. The malformation was present at the time of birth and at the age of one year the patient was operated for macrodactyly, but again the toe progressively increased to the previous size. She was presented with multiple health problems. There was no positive family history and/or other congenital malformation. Thus, it was suggested that due to variable phenotypic manifestations, appropriate treatment should be chosen for the patient individually.

Fabio Minutoli ◽  
Massimo Russo ◽  
Gianluca Di Bellaearly phase planar imaging ◽  
Riccardo Laudicella ◽  
Alessandro Spataro ◽  

2022 ◽  
Anna Duenser ◽  
Pooja Singh ◽  
Laurene Alicia Lecaudey ◽  
Christian Sturmbauer ◽  
Craig Albertson ◽  

Studying instances of convergent evolution of novel phenotypes can shed light on the evolutionary constraints that shape morphological diversity. Cichlid fishes from the East African Great Lakes are a prime model to investigate convergent adaptations. However, most studies on cichlid craniofacial morphologies have primarily considered bony structures, while soft tissue adaptations have been less intensely scrutinised. A rare example of an exaggerated soft tissue phenotype is the formation of a snout flap. This tissue flap develops from the upper lip and has evolved in only one cichlid genus from Lake Malawi and one genus from Lake Tanganyika. To investigate the molecular basis of snout flap convergence, we used mRNA sequencing to compare two species with snout flap (Labeotropheus trewavasae and Ophthalmotilapia nasuta) to their close relatives without snout flaps (Tropheops tropheops and Ophthalmotilapia ventralis) from Lake Tanganyika and Malawi. Our analysis revealed a greater complexity of differential gene expression patterns underlying the snout flap in the younger adaptive radiation of Lake Malawi than in the older Lake Tanganyika radiation. We identified 201 genes that were repeatedly differentially expressed between species with and without the snout flap in both lakes, suggesting that the pathway that gives rise to snout flaps is evolutionarily constrained, even though the flaps play very different functions in each species. The convergently expressed genes are involved in proline and hydroxyproline metabolism, which have been linked to human skin and facial deformities. Additionally, we also found enrichment for transcription factor binding sites upstream of differentially expressed genes such as members of the FOX transcription factor family, especially foxf1 and foxa2, which also showed an increased expression in the flapped snout and are linked to nose morphogenesis in mammals, as well as ap4 (tfap4), a transcription factor showing reduced expression in the flapped snout with an unknown role in the development of craniofacial soft tissues. As genes involved in cichlids snout flap development are associated with many human mid-line facial dysmorphologies, our findings imply a conservation of genes involved in mid-line patterning across vastly distant evolutionary lineages of vertebrates.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 406
Maria Cecilia Cercato ◽  
Sabrina Vari ◽  
Gabriella Maggi ◽  
Wioletta Faltyn ◽  
Concetta Elisa Onesti ◽  

Background. Guidelines for the implementation of narrative medicine in clinical practice exist; however, in Italy, no standard methodology is currently available for the management of oncological patients. Since 2017, at the “Regina Elena” National Cancer Institute, studies using “digital narrative diaries” (DNMLAB platform) have been carried out; this article focuses on a pilot, uncontrolled, real-life study aiming to evaluate the utility of DNM integrated with the care pathway of patients with bone and limb soft tissue sarcomas. Methods. Adult patients completed the diary during treatment or follow-up by writing their narrative guided by a set of narrative prompts. The endpoints were: (a) patients’ opinions about therapeutic alliance, awareness, and coping ability; (b) healthcare professionals’ (HCPs’) opinions about communication, therapeutic alliance, and information collection. Open- and closed-ended questions (Likert score: 1–5) were used to assess the items. Results. At the interim analysis of data from seven patients and five HCPs, DNM was shown to improve: (a) the expression of patients’ point of view, the perception of effective taking charge, disease awareness, and self-empowerment (score: 4.8/5); (b) patients’ communication, relationships, and illness knowledge (score: 4.6–4.8/5). Conclusions. The preliminary results supported the need to integrate patients’ narratives with clinical data and encourage further research.

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