Schistocerca Americana
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2019 ◽  
Vol 132 (4) ◽  
pp. 319-329 ◽  
John Klymko ◽  
Paul Catling ◽  
Jeffrey B. Ogden ◽  
Robert W. Harding ◽  
Donald F. McAlpine ◽  

We provide an updated checklist of Orthoptera and their allies for each Maritime province of Canada with details for 21 new species records. Drumming Katydid (Meconema thalassinum), recorded from Nova Scotia (NS) and Prince Edward Island (PEI), and Sprinkled Grasshopper (Chloealtis conspersa), recorded from New Brunswick (NB) are reported for the first time from the Maritimes as a whole. We report range extensions in the Maritime region for Australian Cockroach (Periplaneta australasiae; NB), Treetop Bush Katydid (Scudderia fasciata; NS), Short-legged Camel Cricket (Ceuthophilus brevipes; PEI), Spotted Camel Cricket (Ceuthophilus maculatus; PEI), Roesel’s Shield-backed Katydid (Roeseliana roesellii; NS), and Black-horned Tree Cricket (Oecanthus nigricornis; PEI). Short-winged Mole Cricket (Neoscapteriscus abbreviatus; NB) and European Mole Cricket (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa; NS) are reported as adventives (non-native species that are believed to be not yet established), new to Canada from the Maritimes. Other new records for species not known to be established are Lined Earwig (Doru taeniatum; NS), Australian Cockroach (Periplaneta australasiae; PEI), American Cockroach (Periplaneta americana; NB), Brown Cockroach (Periplaneta brunnea; PEI), Smooth Cockroach (Nyctibora laevigata; NB), West Indian Leaf Cockroach (Blaberus discoidalis; NB), an unidentified Parcoblatta species (NB), Brown-banded Cockroach (Supella longipalpa; PEI), Praying Mantis (Mantis religiosa; NB), and American Bird Grasshopper (Schistocerca americana; NS).

F1000Research ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 223
María Belén Cañizares ◽  
Nathaly Naranjo ◽  
Bence Mátyás

The variation of the color intensity of the chromatophores present in the wings of Schistocerca americana was analyzed by exposing 31 specimens to thermal transitions within the range of 45 - 5 °C.  The adult specimens were collected using a mini-terrarium of dimensions 40x40x30 cm. As a substrate, a layer of soil, stones, and finally a layer of grass were used along with branches of bushes and leaves; hydroponic lettuce, cabbage and the grass were used as food for the specimens. Optical microscopy of the wings of the insects was used for live observation without coverslips or contrasting substances. At 45°C, degradation of color intensity was observed in the chromatophores present in the wings. At 5°C, chromatophores intensify their color to brownish-black. This temperature was the extreme minimum that S. americana could tolerate. We found negative correlation between the temperature and the degree of darkness (R2 = 0.8038). Our results are in accordance with a previously published study in which Phaulacridium vittatum was examined, as the decrease of temperature caused darkening color change in melanin-type chromatophores. The present investigation can be considered as the first initial study of its kind for S. americana, in terms of examining the changes in the color intensity of the chromatophores present in the wings caused by thermal transition under laboratory conditions.

2018 ◽  
Shilpi Singh ◽  
Joby Joseph

AbstractOlfactory systems of different species show variations in structure and physiology despite some conserved characteristics. We characterized the olfactory circuit of the grasshopperHieroglyphus banianof family Acrididae (subfamily: Hemiacridinae) and compared it to a well-studied species of locust,Schistocerca americana(subfamily: Cyrtacanthacridinae), also belonging to family Acrididae. We used in vivo electrophysiological, immunohistochemical and anatomical (bulk tract tracing) methods to elucidate the olfactory pathway from the second order neurons in antennal lobe to the fourth order neurons in β-lobe ofH. banian.We observe highly conserved anatomical and physiological characteristics till the fourth order neurons in the olfactory circuit ofH. banianandS. americana, though they are evolutionarily divergent (~57 million years ago). However, we found one major difference between the two species-there are four antennal lobe tracts inH. banianwhile only one is reported inS. americana. Besides, we are reporting for the first time, a new class of bilateral neurons which respond weakly to olfactory stimuli even though they innervate densely downstream of Kenyon cells.

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