hospital volume
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Marius Huguet ◽  
Xavier Joutard ◽  
Isabelle Ray-Coquard ◽  
Lionel Perrier

Abstract Background Studies of the hospital volume-outcome relationship have highlighted that a greater volume activity improves patient outcomes. While this finding has been known for years, most studies to date have failed to delve into what underlies this relationship. Objective This study aimed to shed light on the basis of the hospital volume effect on patient outcomes by comparing treatment modalities for epithelial ovarian carcinoma patients. Data An exhaustive dataset of 355 patients in first-line treatment for Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma (EOC) in 2012 in three regions of France was used. These regions account for 15% of the metropolitan French population. Methods In the presence of endogeneity induced by a reverse causality between hospital volume and patient outcomes, we used an instrumental variable approach. Hospital volume of activity was instrumented by the distance from patients’ homes to their hospital, the population density, and the median net income of patient municipalities. Results Based on our parameter estimates, we found that the rate of complete tumor resection would increase by 15.5 percentage points with centralized care, and by 8.3 percentage points if treatment decisions were coordinated by high-volume centers compared to decentralized care. Conclusion As volume alone is an imperfect correlate of quality, policy-makers need to know what volume is a proxy for in order to devise volume-based policies.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Johannes Asplund ◽  
Fredrik Mattsson ◽  
Magdalena Plecka-Östlund ◽  
Sheraz R. Markar ◽  
Jesper Lagergren

2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (1) ◽  
pp. 35-35
Sana Maheshwari ◽  
Danielle Stansky ◽  
Justin Berkowitz ◽  
Jordan Swartz ◽  
Silas Smith ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Anna J. Alberga ◽  
Gerdine C. I. von Meijenfeldt ◽  
Vinamr Rastogi ◽  
Jorg L. de Bruin ◽  
Jan J. Wever ◽  

Breast Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
L. S. E. van Egdom ◽  
K. M. de Ligt ◽  
L. de Munck ◽  
L. B. Koppert ◽  
M. A. M. Mureau ◽  

Abstract Purpose Delayed breast reconstruction (DBR) is a valid option for postmastectomy breast cancer patients who have a desire for breast reconstruction but are not considered suitable for immediate breast reconstruction (IBR). The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical practice and predictors of the use of DBR in the Netherlands. Methods Stage I–III breast cancer patients diagnosed from January to March 2012 and treated with mastectomy were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Routinely collected patient, tumor, treatment and hospital characteristics were complemented with data about DBR up to 2018. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors independently associated with postmastectomy DBR. Factors associated with time to DBR were identified through Cox regression analyses. Results Of all patients who underwent mastectomy (n = 1,415), 10.2% underwent DBR. DBR patients more often received autologous reconstruction compared to IBR patients (37.5% vs 6.2%, p < 0.001). Age below 50 years (age < 35 OR 15.55, age 35–49 OR 4.18) and neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy (OR 2.59 and OR 2.83, respectively) were significantly associated with DBR. Mean time to DBR was 2.4 years [range 1–6 years]. Time to DBR was significantly associated with age < 35 years (HR 2.22), and a high hospital volume (HR 1.87). Discussion The use of DBR after mastectomy could not be fully explained by age below 50 years, chemotherapy, and hospital volume. Treatment with radiotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy increased time to DBR. More information about patient preferences is needed to understand the use and timing of reconstruction.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document