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2022 ◽  
Vol 136 ◽  
pp. 102680
Author(s):  
Prince Baraka Lucungu ◽  
Narayan Dhital ◽  
Hugo Asselin ◽  
Jean-Paul Kibambe ◽  
Jean Semeki Ngabinzeke ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Daniel Mukadi-Bamuleka ◽  
Yibayiri Osee Sanogo ◽  
Junior Bulabula-Penge ◽  
Maria E. Morales-Betoulle ◽  
Patrice Fillon ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
pp. 97-115
Author(s):  
Deogratias Bugandwa Mungu Akonkwa ◽  
Eddy Balemba Kanyurhi ◽  
Guillaume Bidubula Juwa ◽  
Albert Masheka Hongo

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Julianne Meisner ◽  
Agapitus Kato ◽  
Marshall Lemerani ◽  
Erick Mwamba Miaka ◽  
Acaga Ismail Taban ◽  
...  

Domestic and wild animals are important reservoirs of the rhodesiense form of human African trypanosomiasis (rHAT), however quantification of this effect offers utility for deploying non-medical control activities, and anticipating their success when wildlife are excluded. Further, the uncertain role of animal reservoirs—particularly pigs—threatens elimination of transmission (EOT) targets set for the gambiense form (gHAT). Using a new time series of high-resolution cattle and pig density maps, HAT surveillance data collated by the WHO Atlas of HAT, and methods drawn from causal inference and spatial epidemiology, we conducted a retrospective ecological cohort study in Uganda, Malawi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and South Sudan to estimate the effect of cattle and pig density on HAT risk.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Peer Schouten

There are so many roadblocks in Central Africa that it is hard to find a road that does not have one. Based on research in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR), Peer Schouten maps more than a thousand of these roadblocks to show how communities, rebels and state security forces forge resistance and power out of control over these narrow points of passage. Schouten reveals the connections between these roadblocks in Central Africa and global supply chains, tracking the flow of multinational corporations and UN agencies alike through them, to show how they encapsulate a form of power, which thrives under conditions of supply chain capitalism. In doing so, he develops a new lens through which to understand what drives state formation and conflict in the region, offering a radical alternative to explanations that foreground control over minerals, territory or population as key drivers of Central Africa's violent history.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Sahal Thahir ◽  
Camille E. Morgan ◽  
Patrick Ngimbi ◽  
Kashamuka Mwandagalirwa ◽  
Sarah Ntambua ◽  
...  

Abstract Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains a leading infectious cause of death worldwide, and is highly prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs for HBV are critical to reaching elimination targets and utilizing existing HIV testing and treatment infrastructure. Building on a feasibility study to introduce tenofovir disoproxil fumarate antiviral therapy to pregnant women with high-risk HBV in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), we examine the social and psychological facilitators of medication adherence of women who participated in this HBV PMTCT program.Methods: This study utilizes a qualitative exploratory approach involving women in Kinshasa, DRC who were identified as high-risk HBV during pregnancy and completed the pilot tenofovir antiviral program. Six participants were identified and completed in-depth, open-ended phone interviews. This study adopts a modified Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model (IMB+) to identify emerging themes related to tenofovir adherence.Results: A strong trust in healthcare workers, family support, and improved awareness of the disease and treatment options through enrollment in the PMTCT program facilitated tenofovir adherence. Barriers to medication adherence included social stigma and low healthcare literacy specific to HBV.Conclusions: Our study highlights the feasibility of medication adherence in HBV PMTCT programs in a low-resource setting and the importance of incorporating initiatives that address hepatitis B stigma and other social barriers. These findings are relevant to future HBV PMTCT scale-up, which is needed in the DRC and in similar African contexts with high HBV prevalence. Trial registration: The parent study was registered with clinicaltrials.gov under identifier NCT03567382. Date of registration: 25/06/2018


Author(s):  
Patient Pati Pyana ◽  
Céline Mbilo ◽  
Julien Lannoy ◽  
Simon Bonas ◽  
Bobo Luntadila ◽  
...  

In this report, we describe eight nearly complete genome sequences of rabies virus strains collected in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from domestic carnivores in 2017 and 2018. All of them clustered into a specific phylogroup among the Africa 1b lineage in the Cosmopolitan clade.


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