multilabel classification
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Zhe Chen ◽  
Hongli Zhang ◽  
Lin Ye ◽  
Shang Li

In the judicial field, with the increase of legal text data, the extraction of legal text elements plays a more and more important role. In this paper, we propose a sentence-level model of legal text element extraction based on the structure of multilabel text classification. Our proposed model contains an encoder and an improved decoder. The encoder applies multilevel convolutional neural networks (CNN) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) as feature extraction networks to extract local neighborhood and context information from legal text, and a decoder applies LSTM with multiattention and full connection layer with an improved initialization method to decode and generate label sequences. To our best knowledge, it is one of the first attempts to apply a multilabel classification algorithm for element extraction of legal text. In order to verify the effectiveness of our model, we conduct experiments not only on three real legal text datasets but also on a general multilabel text classification dataset.The experimental results demonstrate that our proposed model outperforms baseline models on legal text datasets, and our model is competitive to baseline models on the general text multilabel classification dataset, which indicates that our proposed model is useful for multilabel classification tasks of ordinary texts and legal texts with an uncertain number of characters in words and short lengths.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Yan Wang ◽  
Yuchen Zhang ◽  
LinJun Shen ◽  
ShuMing Wang

As a whole-body sport, skipping rope plays an increasingly important role in daily life. In rope-skipping education, due to the lack of professional teachers, the training efficiency of students is low. The rope-skipping monitoring device is heavy and expensive, and the cost of labor statistics and energy consumption are high. In order to quickly analyze the movement process of students and provide correct guidance, this article implements the movement analysis method of the human body movement process. The problem of limb posture analysis in rope skipping is transformed into a multilabel classification problem, a real-time human motion analysis method based on mobile vision is proposed, and the algorithm model is verified in the rope-skipping scene. The experimental results prove that this paper proposes the improved algorithm, which achieved the expected effect. In the analysis of rope-skipping action, the choice of hyperparameters during the experiment is introduced, and it is verified that the proposed ALSTM-LSTM can solve the problem of multilabel classification in the rope-skipping process. The accuracy rate reaches 95.1%, and it can provide the best in all indicators and good performance. It is of great significance for movement analysis and movement quality evaluation during exercise.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Shanling Han ◽  
Shoudong Zhang ◽  
Yong Li ◽  
Long Chen

PurposeIntelligent diagnosis of equipment faults can effectively avoid the shutdown caused by equipment faults and improve the safety of the equipment. At present, the diagnosis of various kinds of bearing fault information, such as the occurrence, location and degree of fault, can be carried out by machine learning and deep learning and realized through the multiclassification method. However, the multiclassification method is not perfect in distinguishing similar fault categories and visual representation of fault information. To improve the above shortcomings, an end-to-end fault multilabel classification model is proposed for bearing fault diagnosis.Design/methodology/approachIn this model, the labels of each bearing are binarized by using the binary relevance method. Then, the integrated convolutional neural network and gated recurrent unit (CNN-GRU) is employed to classify faults. Different from the general CNN networks, the CNN-GRU network adds multiple GRU layers after the convolutional layers and the pool layers.FindingsThe Paderborn University bearing dataset is utilized to demonstrate the practicability of the model. The experimental results show that the average accuracy in test set is 99.7%, and the proposed network is better than multilayer perceptron and CNN in fault diagnosis of bearing, and the multilabel classification method is superior to the multiclassification method. Consequently, the model can intuitively classify faults with higher accuracy.Originality/valueThe fault labels of each bearing are labeled according to the failure or not, the fault location, the damage mode and the damage degree, and then the binary value is obtained. The multilabel problem is transformed into a binary classification problem of each fault label by the binary relevance method, and the predicted probability value of each fault label is directly output in the output layer, which visually distinguishes different fault conditions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Xuelei Zhang ◽  
Xinyu Song ◽  
Ao Feng ◽  
Zhengjie Gao

Multilabel classification is one of the most challenging tasks in natural language processing, posing greater technical difficulties than single-label classification. At the same time, multilabel classification has more natural applications. For individual labels, the whole piece of text has different focuses or component distributions, which require full use of local information of the sentence. As a widely adopted mechanism in natural language processing, attention becomes a natural choice for the issue. This paper proposes a multilayer self-attention model to deal with aspect category and word attention at different granularities. Combined with the BERT pretraining model, it achieves competitive performance in aspect category detection and electronic medical records’ classification.

2021 ◽  
Vol 72 ◽  
pp. 613-665
Vu-Linh Nguyen ◽  
Eyke Hüllermeier

In contrast to conventional (single-label) classification, the setting of multilabel classification (MLC) allows an instance to belong to several classes simultaneously. Thus, instead of selecting a single class label, predictions take the form of a subset of all labels. In this paper, we study an extension of the setting of MLC, in which the learner is allowed to partially abstain from a prediction, that is, to deliver predictions on some but not necessarily all class labels. This option is useful in cases of uncertainty, where the learner does not feel confident enough on the entire label set. Adopting a decision-theoretic perspective, we propose a formal framework of MLC with partial abstention, which builds on two main building blocks: First, the extension of underlying MLC loss functions so as to accommodate abstention in a proper way, and second the problem of optimal prediction, that is, finding the Bayes-optimal prediction minimizing this generalized loss in expectation. It is well known that different (generalized) loss functions may have different risk-minimizing predictions, and finding the Bayes predictor typically comes down to solving a computationally complexity optimization problem. In the most general case, given a prediction of the (conditional) joint distribution of possible labelings, the minimizer of the expected loss needs to be found over a number of candidates which is exponential in the number of class labels. We elaborate on properties of risk minimizers for several commonly used (generalized) MLC loss functions, show them to have a specific structure, and leverage this structure to devise efficient methods for computing Bayes predictors. Experimentally, we show MLC with partial abstention to be effective in the sense of reducing loss when being allowed to abstain.

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