Performance Analysis
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2021 ◽  
Rahaf M. H. Douhan ◽  
Andrey P. Kokhanenko ◽  
Kirill A. Lozovoy

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (23) ◽  
pp. 8054
Francisco J. Aguilar ◽  
Javier Ruiz ◽  
Manuel Lucas ◽  
Pedro G. Vicente

Solar-powered air conditioners offer a high potential for energy-efficient cooling with a high economic feasibility. They can significantly reduce the energy consumption in the building sector, which is essential to meet the greater ambition of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% in the EU by 2050. This paper presents a computational model development capable of simulating the behaviour of a photovoltaic-assisted heat pump in different locations and working conditions. In addition, this model has been used to optimise a solar on-grid air conditioning system. The generated model has been validated with experimental data obtained in a real facility for a whole summer of operation (more than 100 tested days) in a Mediterranean climate (Alicante, Spain). According to the simulation results, the average Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) of the system is 16.0, 10.7 and 7.8 in Barcelona, Madrid and Seville, respectively. The optimisation analysis has proven that the severity of the climatic region increases the costs as well as the optimum PV power to drive the AC unit. The obtained values for the the PV power and the annualised cost are 400 W and 506.2 € for Barcelona, 900 W and 536.7 € for Madrid, and 1300 W and 564.7 € for Seville. The annualised cost and the CO2 emission levels are higher for the conventional system (no PV panels) than for the solar on-grid system, regardless of the installed PV power. This difference can be up to 66.64 € (10.55%) and 112.94 kg CO2 (64.83%) per summer season in the case of Seville.

2021 ◽  
Salih YILMAZ ◽  
Mahmut Firat ◽  
Abdullah ATEŞ ◽  

Abstract In this study, the relationship between pressure management (PM) and infrastructure leakage index (ILI) in distribution systems was investigated based on the field data. Before PM, non-revenue water (NRW) rates were calculated as 48.44%, 76.49% and 36.57% and ILI indicators were determined as 16.97, 22.90 and 26.88, in three DMAs. The leakage volume is also calculated by the FAVAD equation and compared the field data. With the implementation of PM, although NRW ratios decreased, the ILI did not improve in the same rate. ILI class was improved in 3 regions, ILI class dropped from A to B in one region. Although the ILI class did not change in the 5 regions, the loss rates decreased. Using the ILI alone in regions where PM is used can create misleading results in performance analysis. It is thought that it would be more accurate to evaluate losses with performance indicators in PM areas.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 213-324
Muhamad Ricky Nursyamsyi ◽  
Fabriyan Fandi Dwi Imaniawan

PT. Dayamitra Telekomunikasi or Mitratel is a subsidiary of PT Telkom Indonesia (Persero) Tbk which is engaged in providing telecommunications infrastructure. Mitratel has been in the telecommunications tower business since 2008. To date, Mitratel has managed more than 13,700 telecommunication towers spread throughout Indonesia. The choice of a website as a company's communication medium with the public is the right decision considering that the website can provide information or messages to anyone who wants that information even though they are in different parts of the world. The website built by the company can provide information related to the company's activities that are considered worthy to be known by the public. Through the website, the public can also find out the company in sufficient detail, starting from the profile, vision and mission, history, contacts, and activities carried out by the company. So far, the Mitratel website has never been evaluated, so the authors evaluate using the Webqual method and Importance Performance Analysis. The results obtained indicate that there are still many parts of the Mitratel website that must be improved.

Ramesh Babu S ◽  
Subbarayan M.R ◽  
Radha Krishnan Beemaraj ◽  
Emmanuel Nicholas P ◽  
Nagaraj T ◽  

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