Barrier Discharge
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Jing Zhang ◽  
Shurong Ye ◽  
Tianxu Liu ◽  
Anbang Sun

Abstract The products of hydrogen sulfide decomposition by dielectric barrier discharge are hydrogen and sulfur. This process can successfully recover hydrogen from a hazardous by product of fossil fuel extraction, and it has thus been attracting increasing attention. In this study, we computationally examined the dynamics of dielectric barrier discharge in hydrogen sulfide. The simulations were performed with a 1d3v particle-in-cell/Monte Carlo collision model in which a parallel-plate electrode geometry with dielectrics was used. Particle recombination process is represented in the model. The discharge mode was found to be initially Townsend discharge developing from the cathode to the anode, and at the peak of the current, a more stable glow discharge develops from the anode to the cathode. A higher applied voltage results in sufficient secondary electrons to trigger a second current peak, and then the current amplitude increases. As the frequency is increased, it leads to the advance of the phase and an increase in the amplitude of the current peak. A higher dielectric permittivity also makes the discharge occur earlier and more violently in the gap.

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 4020
Chung-Yueh Shih ◽  
Jian-Zhi Huang ◽  
Mei-Hsin Chen ◽  
Cheng-Che Hsu ◽  
Chih-I Wu ◽  

A bathocuproine (BCP) layer is typically used as the hole-blocking layer in p-i-n-structure perovskite solar cells (PSCs) between PC61BM and Ag electrodes. Before evaporating the Ag, we used a low-temperature (<40 °C) atmospheric-pressure dielectric barrier discharge jet (DBDjet) to treat the BCP with different scan rates. The main purpose of this was to change the contact resistance between the BCP layer and the Ag electrodes through surface modification using a DBDjet. The best power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13.11% was achieved at a DBDjet scan rate of 2 cm/s. The He DBDjet treatment introduced nitrogen to form C-N bonds and create pits on the BCP layer. This deteriorated the interface between the BCP and the follow-up deposited-Ag top electrode. Compared to the device without the plasma treatment on the BCP layer, the He DBDjet treatment on the BCP layer reduced photocurrent hysteresis but deteriorated the fill factor and the efficiency of the PSCs.

2021 ◽  
pp. 108201322110508
Mubango Elliot ◽  
Jing Chen ◽  
Dong-zhi Chen ◽  
Xiao-meng Hu ◽  
Nikolaeva Ekaterina ◽  

In this paper, remodeling the shrimp processing chain and the effects of the transformation on the biochemical and sensory qualities of fresh Pacific white shrimp ( Penaeus vannamei) under refrigeration storage were investigated. In the proposed model, a dielectric barrier discharge atmospheric cold plasma pretreatment step using a 60 kV source for 60, 90, 120, and 150 s was introduced after the first and second wash followed by refrigeration storage at 4 ± 1 °C for 12 days. Chemical, biochemical, and sensory attributes of the shrimp were monitored and compared with those of shrimp processed through the traditional method without atmospheric cold plasma pretreatment (control). Incorporating minimal dielectric barrier discharge atmospheric cold plasma pretreatment step had more desirable quality outcomes characterized by low malondialdehyde concentration, low volatile nitrogen products content, and comparable proximate composition. Texture, pH, and color were remarkably retained at 120 and 150 s of atmospheric cold plasma pretreatment and protein degradation was negligible up to 90 s than at 120 and 150 s of pretreatment. We conclude that remodeling the shrimp processing chain through incorporating minimal dielectric barrier discharge atmospheric cold plasma pretreatment with key considerations on operation parameters can maximize the beneficial biochemical and sensory quality outcomes while minimizing the negative impacts associated with traditional shrimp processing.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Yibing Li ◽  
Zhiqing Song ◽  
Tao Zhang ◽  
Wenqian Xu ◽  
Changjiang Ding ◽  

The plasma-activated water (PAW), as a new environmentally friendly nonthermal processing technology, has attracted wide attention for its applications in agriculture, food, and biomedical fields. This paper used the needle array-plate dielectric barrier discharge (needle array-plate DBD) device to activate deionized water and prepare PAW simply and efficiently. It was found that the concentration of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) generated in the process of needle array-plate DBD was large and varied. Especially in the wavelength range of 600–770 nm, the spectral intensity is stronger. And, the ionic wind is more likely to interact with the deionized water. The changes in PAW parameters and UV/Vis spectra with treatment time were measured under different voltages and needle-dielectric plate distances. Results show that increasing discharge voltage or decreasing needle-dielectric plate distance increases the concentration of RONS, ionic wind speed, water evaporation, and conductivity of the PAW and decreases pH. UV/Vis spectra results show that prolonged treatment time results in increased total absorbance and concentrations of H2O2 and NO 3 − and that a new absorption peak appears at 210 nm in the UV/Vis spectra. When the wavelength is larger than 210 nm, a redshifted new peak and color enhancement are observed. The seeds of Astragalus adsurgens Pall were treated by discharge plasma, PAW, and the combination of plasma and PAW. It was found that high voltage and long-time activated PAW could significantly increase the ROS level of seeds and seedlings after germination for 3 days, resulting in oxidative stress damage. The survival rate of seeds was lower than that under the half lethal dose. This paper provides a feasible device design for treating activated water in large quantities with high efficiency, which is important for the application of PAW and mutation breeding of A. adsurgens Pall.

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (11) ◽  
pp. 113505
Hui Li ◽  
Chengxun Yuan ◽  
Anatoly Kudryavtsev ◽  
T. Yasar Katircioglu ◽  
Ismail Rafatov

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