potato starch
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2022 ◽  
Vol 31 ◽  
pp. 100793
Yajuan Ma ◽  
Hongqian Zhao ◽  
Qianyun Ma ◽  
Dewei Cheng ◽  
Yufan Zhang ◽  

J. G. A. M. L. Uitdewilligen ◽  
A. M. A. Wolters ◽  
H. J. van Eck ◽  
R. G. F. Visser

Abstract Key message Association analysis resulted in the identification of specific StGWD alleles causing either an increase or decrease in starch phosphate content which was verified in diploid and tetraploid potato mapping populations. Abstract Potatoes are grown for various purposes like French fries, table potatoes, crisps and for their starch. One of the most important aspects of potato starch is that it contains a high amount of phosphate ester groups which are considered to be important for providing improved functionalization after derivatization processes. Little is known about the variation in phosphate content as such in different potato varieties and thus we studied the genetic diversity for this trait. From other studies it was clear that the phosphate content is controlled by a quantitative trait locus (QTL) underlying the candidate gene α-Glucan Water Dikinase (StGWD) on chromosome 5. We performed direct amplicon sequencing of this gene by Sanger sequencing. Sequences of two StGWD amplicons from a global collection of 398 commercial cultivars and progenitor lines were used to identify 16 different haplotypes. By assigning tag SNPs to these haplotypes, each of the four alleles present in a cultivar could be deduced and linked to a phosphate content. A high value for intra-individual heterozygosity was observed (Ho = 0.765). The average number of different haplotypes per individual (Ai) was 3.1. Pedigree analysis confirmed that the haplotypes are identical-by-descent (IBD) and offered insight in the breeding history of elite potato germplasm. Haplotypes originating from introgression of wild potato accessions carrying resistance genes could be traced. Furthermore, association analysis resulted in the identification of specific StGWD alleles causing either an increase or decrease in starch phosphate content varying from 12 nmol PO4/mg starch to 38 nmol PO4/mg starch. These allele effects were verified in diploid and tetraploid mapping populations and offer possibilities to breed and select for this trait.

Asma Nour El Houda Sid ◽  
Benalia Kouini ◽  
Abdelkrim hazourli ◽  
Rabah Djafar ◽  
Noureddine Gherraf ◽  

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 184
Katarzyna Walkowiak ◽  
Krzysztof Przybył ◽  
Hanna Maria Baranowska ◽  
Krzysztof Koszela ◽  
Łukasz Masewicz ◽  

Currently, society expects convenience food, which is healthy, safe, and easy to prepare and eat in all conditions. On account of the increasing popularity of modified potato starch in food industry and its increasing scope of use, this study focused on improving the physical modification of native starch with temperature changes. As a result, it was found that the suggested method of starch modification with the use of microwave power of 150 W/h had an impact on the change in starch granules. The LF-NMR method determined the whole range of temperatures in which the creation of a starch polymer network occurs. Therefore, the applied LF-NMR technique is a highly promising, noninvasive physical method, which allows obtaining a better-quality structure of potato starch gels.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 220-234
Ina Pundiene ◽  
Laura Vitola ◽  
Jolanta Pranckeviciene ◽  
Diana Bajare

2022 ◽  
pp. 119107
Shivani Kaul ◽  
Kamaljit Kaur ◽  
Nitin Mehta ◽  
Salwinder Singh Dhaliwal ◽  
John F. Kennedy

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