ambulatory care sensitive
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2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 45-56
Hyemin Jung ◽  
Hyun Joo Kim ◽  
Jin Yong Lee

Purpose: Repeated hospitalization could be a proxy of unnecessary or preventive admission in South Korea where barriers to hospitalization are relatively low. This study aimed to estimate the current status of repeated hospitalization due to ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSC) in South Korea.Methods: Using the National Health Information Database, repeated hospitalization databases were constructed in units of episodes for patients who had been admitted more than twice between January 2017 and December 2018. The number of hospitalizations, total in-hospital days, and total medical expenditure were calculated and compared by patient characteristics in both of the entire patient group and the ACSC patient group.Results: Of total hospitalization episodes, 26.6% reported repeated admission, and 6.7% of repeated hospitalization was due to ACSC. A total of 183,110 patients with ACSC had been admitted an average of 2.9 times and spent an average of KRW5,630,118. In other words, KRW1,309 billion had been spent for repeated hospitalization due to ACSC. The scale of medical expenditure was relatively large in the highest and lowest socioeconomic status.Conclusion: Repeated hospitalization for ACSC can be considered a simple and intuitive indicator when assessing unnecessary hospitalizations or evaluating healthcare policy.

Public Health ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 201 ◽  
pp. 26-34
Raphael Mendonça Guimarães ◽  
Laís Pimenta Ribeiro dos Santos ◽  
Aline Gonçalves Pereira ◽  
Leonardo Graever

BMJ Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. e051958
Øystein Hetlevik ◽  
Tor Helge Holmås ◽  
Karin Monstad

ObjectiveTo assess whether continuity of care (COC) with a general practitioner (GP) is associated with mortality and hospital admissions for older patients We argue that the conventional continuity measure may overestimate these associations. To better reflect COC as a GP quality indicator, we present an alternative, service-based measure.DesignRegistry-based, population-level longitudinal cohort study.SettingLinked data from Norwegian administrative healthcare registries, including 3989 GPs.Participants757 873 patients aged 60–90 years with ≥2 contacts with a GP during 2016 and 2017.Main outcome measureAll-cause emergency hospital admissions, emergency admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions, and mortality, in 2018.ResultsWe assessed COC using the conventional usual provider of care index (UPCpatient) and an alternative/supplementary index (UPCGP list) based on the COC for all other patients enlisted with the same preferred GP.For both indices, the mean index score was 0.78. Our model controls for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, prior healthcare use and municipality-fixed effects. Overall, UPCGP list shows a much weaker association between COC and the outcomes. For both indices, there is a negative relationship between COC and hospital admissions. A 0.2-point increase in the index score would reduce admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions by 8.1% (CI 7.1% to 9.1%) versus merely 1.9% (0.2% to 3.5%) according to UPCpatient and UPCGP list, respectively. Using UPCGP list, we find that mortality is no longer associated with COC. There was greater evidence for an association between COC and all-cause admissions among patients with low education.ConclusionsA continuity measure based on each patient’s contacts with own preferred GP may overestimate the importance of COC as a feature of the GP practice. An alternative, service-based measure of continuity could be suitable as a quality measure in primary healthcare. Facilitating continuity should be considered a health policy measure to reduce inequalities in health.

Janet M. Bronstein ◽  
Lei Huang ◽  
John P. Shelley ◽  
Emily B. Levitan ◽  
Caroline A. Presley ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Emily Eyles ◽  
Maria Theresa Redaniel ◽  
Sarah Purdy ◽  
Kate Tilling ◽  
Yoav Ben-Shlomo

Abstract Background Hospital admissions for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSCs) are potentially avoidable. Dementia is one of the leading chronic conditions in terms of variability in ACSC admissions by general practice, as well as accounting for around a third of UK emergency admissions. Methods Using Bayesian multilevel linear regression models, we examined the ecological association of organizational characteristics of general practices (ACSC n=7076, non-ACSC n=7046 units) and Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCG n=212 units) in relation to ACSC and non-ACSC admissions for people with dementia in England. Results The rate of hospital admissions are variable between GP practices, with deprivation and being admitted from home as risk factors for admission for ACSC and non-ACSC admissions. The budget allocated by the CCG to mental health shows diverging effects for ACSC versus non-ACSC admissions, so it is likely there is some geographic variation. Conclusions A variety of factors that could explain avoidable admissions for PWD at the practice level were examined; most were equally predictive for avoidable and non-avoidable admissions. However, a high amount of variation found at the practice level, in conjunction with the diverging effects of the CCG mental health budget, implies that guidance may be applied inconsistently, or local services may have differences in referral criteria. This indicates there is potential scope for improvement.

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