People With Dementia
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Takashi Amano ◽  
Cole Hooley ◽  
Joe Strong ◽  
Megumi Inoue

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Minna Rantapää ◽  
Ira A. Virtanen ◽  
Seija Pekkala

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (20) ◽  
pp. 9433
Noortje Aarden-van Delft ◽  
Manon Peeters ◽  
Liselore Snaphaan

Functional disability in people with dementia is associated with placement in long-term care facilities, feelings of depression and caregiver burden. As there is currently no cure for dementia, more attention is needed for personalised support for people living with dementia at home. A promising non-pharmacological innovation for reducing problems in functional activities is biodynamic lighting. This type of artificial lighting resembles a normal daylight curve, including changes in light intensity and colour during the day. The aim of this pilot study with three participants is to explore the possible influence of biodynamic lighting on functional activities over time on people with dementia living at home. The study used an A-B-A-B withdrawal single-case experimental design. In the intervention phases, the participants were exposed to biodynamic lighting, while in the placebo phases, the participants were exposed to placebo light. Both light phases came from the same light system. Based on this study protocol, the quantitative effects of biodynamic light related with functional activity did not reach significance. However, the qualitative results of lighting seem promising with a stabilisation of functional activity experienced over time. Future research should examine the effects that light may have on functional activity more in-depth. This study offers recommendations for longitudinal research.

2021 ◽  
Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh ◽  
Shakiba Zahed ◽  
Maryam Emami ◽  
Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi ◽  
Majid Barekatain ◽  

Abstract Background: Psychological events in People with Dementia (PWD) lead to behavioral disorders which require targeted planning for caregivers on how to adapt to these behaviors. Progressively lowered stress threshold (PLST) model provides effective interventions for caregivers to adapt to the behaviors of People with Dementia (PWD). Therefore, this study aims to determine the impacts of educational intervention based on the progressively lowered Stress threshold extended (PLSTE) model on the caregiving of People with Dementia (PWD) in Isfahan, Iran. Methods: This exploratory mixed methods study was initially conducted with a qualitative approach to content analysis type from May 2016 to June 2018. Data were collected in a qualitative stage through in-depth non-structured interviews with 29 People with Dementia (PWD)'s caregivers using the "new comment" command in a word and then analyzed. The researcher designed a multi-sectional questionnaire, including demographic characteristics, knowledge measurement, and monitoring the practice of caregivers. The validity of the questionnaire was verified by the panel of experts and its reliability was confirmed using the Cronbach alpha coefficient (knowledge section 0.838 and practice section 0.802). To adjust the intervention program, the educational content based on the PLSTE model was used for 38 caregivers available at two elderly nursing centers in Isfahan. The data were collected immediately and one month after the educational intervention using a questionnaire. Results: According to the results of the qualitative section of this study, the researcher was able to add a cultural and belief class, and then the related Intervention method to the PLST model. In the quantitative part, paired t-test indicated that the mean scores of knowledge, caregiving practice, and exposure to Challenging Behaviors (CB) in all dimensions of practice immediately and one a month after intervention were significantly higher than the mean scores before intervention (P < 0.05).Conclusion: Considering the impacts of this intervention, educating the caregivers with PLST extended the care model is recommended, with a specific focus on cultural and traditional issues of the society, to improve knowledge and practice of caregivers in caregiving skills and appropriate exposure to Challenging Behaviors People with Dementia (CBPWD). Trial registration No. IRCT20180421039370N1 -2019-01-11-

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Zara Thompson ◽  
Felicity A. Baker ◽  
Jeanette Tamplin ◽  
Imogen N. Clark

Background: Recent research on the efficacy of music-based interventions for people with dementia have focused on specific outcomes and methods, and singing has been noted as a particularly beneficial activity. However, due to heterogeneity of research methods, there is a need to synthesise the findings of both quantitative and qualitative research in order to better understand both the impact and potential mechanisms of singing for people in this population.Method: This systematic review included quantitative, qualitative and mixed-methods studies, and analysed these using a systematic mixed-studies synthesis (with a results-based convergent approach). Quantitative and qualitative data were initially synthesised using a narrative synthesis and thematic synthesis method, respectively, before a final meta-integration method was used to synthesise common themes across the two data forms.Results: Electronic and hand search strategies revealed 1,815 relevant studies, 40 of which met the full eligibility criteria. Narrative synthesis of quantitative data revealed six key outcome areas (quality of life; psychological well-being; cognition; engagement; activities of daily living; care-partner well-being), and thematic synthesis of qualitative data generated seven themes relating to the impact and mechanisms of singing (pragmatic elements; social benefits; mood; identity; memory; flow-on effects; and relationships). Meta-integration identified four key areas relating to the impact and mechanisms of singing for people with dementia and care-partners: psychological well-being, quality of life, cognition, and care-partner well-being.Conclusion: Results from the syntheses suggest that singing can positively impact the lives of people with dementia and their care-partners, although due to heterogeneity of study design and outcome measures, it is difficult to draw conclusions based on quantitative data alone. Qualitative data provides further context and insights from participant perspectives, and when integrated with quantitative data, contextual factors that may influence the benefits that participants experience from singing are revealed.

Catherine Quinn ◽  
Nicola Hart ◽  
Catherine Henderson ◽  
Rachael Litherland ◽  
James Pickett ◽  

Yuan Feng ◽  
Giulia Perugia ◽  
Suihuai Yu ◽  
Emilia I. Barakova ◽  
Jun Hu ◽  

AbstractEngaging people with dementia (PWD) in meaningful activities is the key to promote their quality of life. Design towards a higher level of user engagement has been extensively studied within the human-computer interaction community, however, few extend to PWD. It is generally considered that increased richness of experiences can lead to enhanced engagement. Therefore, this paper explores the effects of rich interaction in terms of the role of system interactivity and multimodal stimuli by engaging participants in context-enhanced human-robot interaction activities. The interaction with a social robot was considered context-enhanced due to the additional responsive sensory feedback from an augmented reality display. A field study was conducted in a Dutch nursing home with 16 residents. The study followed a two by two mixed factorial design with one within-subject variable - multimodal stimuli - and one between-subject variable - system interactivity. A mixed method of video coding analysis and observational rating scales was adopted to assess user engagement comprehensively. Results disclose that when additional auditory modality was included besides the visual-tactile stimuli, participants had significantly higher scores on attitude, more positive behavioral engagement during activity, and a higher percentage of communications displayed. The multimodal stimuli also promoted social interaction between participants and the facilitator. The findings provide sufficient evidence regarding the significant role of multimodal stimuli in promoting PWD’s engagement, which could be potentially used as a motivation strategy in future research to improve emotional aspects of activity-related engagement and social interaction with the human partner.

Bjørnar Finnanger‐Garshol ◽  
Ingeborg Pedersen ◽  
Grete Patil ◽  
Siren Eriksen ◽  
Lina Harvold Ellingsen‐Dalskau

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Naoko Kishita ◽  
Rebecca L. Gould ◽  
Morag Farquhar ◽  
Milena Contreras ◽  
Elien Van Hout ◽  

2021 ◽  
Agustín Ciapponi

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