continuity of care
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2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Sarah Cooper ◽  
Elham Rahme ◽  
Sze Man Tse ◽  
Roland Grad ◽  
Marc Dorais ◽  

Abstract Background Having a primary care provider and a continuous relationship may be important for asthma outcomes. In this study, we sought to determine the association between 1) having a usual provider of primary care (UPC) and asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalization in Québec children with asthma and 2) UPC continuity of care and asthma outcomes. Methods Population-based retrospective cohort study using Québec provincial health administrative data, including children 2-16 years old with asthma (N = 39, 341). Exposures and outcomes were measured from 2010-2011 and 2012-2013, respectively. Primary exposure was UPC stratified by the main primary care models in Quebec (team-based Family Medicine Groups, family physicians not in Family Medicine Groups, pediatricians, or no assigned UPC). For those with an assigned UPC the secondary exposure was continuity of care, measured by the UPC Index (high, medium, low). Four multivariate logistic regression models examined associations between exposures and outcomes (ED visits and hospitalizations). Results Overall, 17.4% of children had no assigned UPC. Compared to no assigned UPC, having a UPC was associated with decreased asthma-related ED visits (pediatrician Odds Ratio (OR): 0.80, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [0.73, 0.88]; Family Medicine Groups OR: 0.84, 95% CI [0.75,0.93]; non-Family Medicine Groups OR: 0.92, 95% CI [0.83, 1.02]) and hospital admissions (pediatrician OR: 0.66, 95% CI [0.58, 0.75]; Family Medicine Groups OR: 0.82, 95% CI [0.72, 0.93]; non-Family Medicine Groups OR: 0.76, 95% CI [0.67, 0.87]). Children followed by a pediatrician were more likely to have high continuity of care. Continuity of care was not significantly associated with asthma-related ED visits. Compared to low continuity, medium and high continuity of care decreased asthma-related hospital admissions, but none of these associations were significant. Conclusion Having a UPC was associated with reduced asthma-related ED visits and hospital admissions. However, continuity of care was not significantly associated with outcomes. The current study provides ongoing evidence for the importance of primary care in children with asthma.

Angelo Giovanni Icro Maremmani ◽  
Mirella Aglietti ◽  
Guido Intaschi ◽  
Silvia Bacciardi

Background: Poor adherence to treatment is a common clinical problem in individuals affected by mental illness and substance use/dependence. In Italy, mental care is organized in a psychiatric service and addiction unit (SERD), characterized by dual independent assets of treatment. This difference, in the Emergency Room setting, leads to a risk of discontinuity of treatment in case of hospitalization. In this study we clinically characterized individuals who decided to attend hospital post-discharge appointments at SERD, in accordance with medical advice. Methods: This is a retrospective study, based on two years of discharged records of patients entering “Versilia Hospital” (Viareggio, Italy) emergency room, with urinalyses testing positive for substance use, and hospitalization after psychiatric consultation. The sample was divided according to the presence or absence of SERD consultation after discharge. Results: In the 2-year period of the present study, 1005 individuals were hospitalized. Considering the inclusion criterion of the study, the sample consisted of 264 individuals. Of these, 128 patients attended post-discharge appointments at SERD showing urinalyses positive to cocaine, opiates, and poly use; they were more frequently diagnosed as personality disorder and less frequently as bipolar disorder. The prediction was higher for patients that had already been treated at SERD, for patients who received SERD consultation during hospitalization, and for patients with positive urinalyses to cocaine and opiates at treatment entry. Conversely, patients who did not attend SERD consultation after discharge were affected by bipolar disorders. Limitations: Small sample size. Demographical data are limited to gender and age due to paucity of data in hospital information systems. SERD is located far from the hospital and is open only on weekdays; thus, it cannot ensure a consultation with all inpatients. Conclusions: Mental illness diagnosis, the set of substance use positivity at hospitalization, and having received SERD consultation during hospitalization appeared to have a critical role in promoting continuity of care. Moreover, to reduce the gap between the need and the provision of the treatment, a more effective personalized individual program of care should be implemented.

Thanapal Sivakumar ◽  
Prabhu Jadhav ◽  
Abhishek Allam ◽  
Sujai Ramachandraiah ◽  
Byalya Nanje Gowda Vanishree ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (2) ◽  
José Pinheiro Batista Medeiros ◽  
Eliane Tatsch Neves ◽  
Mardênia Gomes Vasconcelos Pitombeira ◽  
Sarah Vieira Figueiredo ◽  
Daniella Barbosa Campos ◽  

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the continuity of care for children with special healthcare needs during the COVID-19 pandemic through the perception of their caregivers in the Northeast of Brazil. Methods: Qualitative descriptive-exploratory research carried out between June and September 2020, in a municipality in the Northeast of Brazil. Eleven caregivers participated through semi-structured interviews conducted at home. The data were submitted to thematic content analysis. Results: The social isolation period and the suspension of health services affected the continuity of care, configuring the category “Implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for the continuity of care”. Caregivers expressed fear of children contracting the coronavirus, characterizing the category “Fears and uncertainties of the COVID-19 pandemic in view of the vulnerability of children with special healthcare needs”. Final considerations: Caregivers’ reports revealed problems in the continuity of care for the studied cohort. Therefore, health care practices must be rethought in times of pandemic.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 115-118
Raffaele Abete ◽  
Andrea Lorenzo Vecchi ◽  
Attilio Iacovoni ◽  
Andrea Mortara ◽  
Michele Senni

The COVID-19 global pandemic has had striking effects on clinical practice and medical assistance and the progressive evolution of telemedicine and telehealth systems has allowed healthcare professionals to connect with patients yet respecting the striking need for social distancing. This article aims to review the possible ways to use telehealth and teleconsulting systems to guarantee an adequate level of clinical assistance starting from screening procedures up to support the management of patients admitted to intensive care units area, thus balancing the need to ensure continuity of care and at the same time limiting the possible sources of contagion expansion. Telemedicine may be a useful tool to improve clinical assistance and reduce the financial burden on the health system in a long-term view. Although it cannot completely replace patient-physician interactions, it would be desirable to implement this field and made it accessible to the largest part of the population.

2021 ◽  
pp. 205343452110683
Jennifer Medves ◽  
Genevieve Pare ◽  
Kimberly Woodhouse ◽  
Carol Smith-Romeril ◽  
Wenbin Li ◽  

Introduction Continuity of care by family physicians in primary care settings may play a role in reducing health resource utilization and improving clinical outcomes and satisfaction of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clear evidence on the impact of continuity of care will support clinical programing and integration of services across health settings. Methods The association between continuity of care and unplanned health service utilization in persons with a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a rural region in Ontario, Canada was evaluated. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using population-level health administrative data. The main exposure variable was continuity of care. Results A continuity of care index was calculated for patients with at least five visits to a healthcare provider during the 5-year follow-up period ( n  =  40,033). Higher continuity of care ( n  =  20,008) and lower continuity of care ( n  =  20,025), based on the median continuity of care score were calculated. Patients with lower continuity of care had an increased adjusted relative risk of 2.12 (2.08, 2.33) of an emergency department visit, 2.81 (2.72, 2.9) risk of hospitalization, and 3.52 (3.24, 3.82) of being readmitted to hospital compared to those with higher continuity of care. Discussion An association between continuity of care and unplanned health services utilization, where a lower use of unplanned health services was observed in the cohort of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease experiencing higher continuity of care. Continuity of care makes philosophical and social sense in that care is provided by a known provider to a known patient and unnecessary investigations can be avoided.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (12 (300)) ◽  
pp. 1-8
Ugnė Laktionkinaitė ◽  
Žaneta Stoukuvienė ◽  
Rasa Liutikienė

Around 50% of women who give birth naturally have trauma to the birthing tract requiring soft tissue suturing. In Lithuania, women spend an average of 2-3 days in hospital after an uncomplicated natural delivery, which is not always enough time to acquire the skills to take care of the new-born as well as to care for the delivery wound. Continuity of care after the return of the mother from hospital is particularly important to avoid complications in the postnatal period such as fever, wound infections, resolution of wound edges, incontinence of gases or faeces, formation of fistulae, painful sexual intercourse, and delay of future family planning. Aim of the study: to assess the importance of continuity of care for women with obstetric trauma. Methods: A quantitative study, an anonymous survey of women who have given birth naturally in the last two years and who have experienced various soft tissue injuries of the birthing tract between November 2020 and January 2021, following an analysis of the scientific literature, was conducted.The survey data were analysed using Microsoft Office Excel 2016 data processing software. The study was carried out in accordance with ethical principles. Results: 110 women participated in the study. Most of the respondents were first-time mothers with grade I-II perineal or vaginal tears. More than half of the women highlighted the lack of information from professionals about home care of the birth canal, postnatal sexuality, and family planning. Conclusions: Women with natural childbirth who have suffered soft tissue injuries to the birthing tract experience pain in the wound area in the postnatal period, which limits movement when walking, sitting, getting up from a lying position, and feel anxiety and fear of soft tissue injury when defecating. Mothers are not sufficiently informed about home care of the obstetric wound and would prefer follow-up care in primary care.

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