open globe
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2022 ◽  
Vol 234 ◽  
pp. 259-273
Sarah C. Miller ◽  
Michael J. Fliotsos ◽  
Grant A. Justin ◽  
Yoshihiro Yonekawa ◽  
Ariel Chen ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Huijin Chen ◽  
Jiarui Yang ◽  
Changguan Wang ◽  
Xuefeng Feng ◽  
Kang Feng ◽  

PurposeTo explore the long-term efficacy of novel choroidal suturing methods including trans-scleral mattress suturing (TSS) and intraocular suturing (IOS) in the treatment of choroidal avulsion.DesignProspective cohort, hospital-based study.MethodsA total of 24 patients who were diagnosed with choroidal avulsion were enrolled in this study. The demographic characteristics, baseline information of trauma, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and intraocular pressure (IOP) were collected before surgery, and the anatomic abnormities of the globe were recorded before or during surgery. All patients were diagnosed with choroidal avulsion and underwent choroid suturing treatment during vitrectomy, postoperative functional variables including BCVA and IOP, anatomic variables including retinal and choroidal reattachment rate, and silicone oil migration rate, which were recorded at the regular follow-ups at least 1 year after surgery.ResultsAll patients with open globe injury involved zone III, 70.8% of the patients presented with two quadrants of the avulsed choroid, and 29.2% with one quadrant involved; moreover, all patients had complications with retinal detachment (RD), of which 58.3% of patients had closed funnel retinal detachment. TSS was applied in nineteen patients and IOS in five patients. Postoperatively, a significant improvement on LogMAR BCVA was observed at each follow-up from 3.57 ± 0.69 before surgery to 2.82 ± 0.98 at the last follow-up (p < 0.05), and the proportion of no light perception (NLP) was also reduced from 69.6 to 37.5%. IOP was markedly elevated from 6.4 ± 4.1 mmHg preoperatively to 11.3 ± 4.3 mmHg at the last follow-up (p < 0.05). Choroidal reattachment was achieved in 91.7% of patients; two patients were observed with silicone oil migration at 3 months after surgery and underwent drainage of suprachoroidal silicone oil and sclera buckling. Meanwhile, retinal attachment was observed in 95.8% of patients, only one patient developed partial RD due to postoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and secondary vitrectomy was performed; all patients were observed with complete retinal and choroidal attachment at the last follow-up. Eventually, four patients were silicone oil-free, and 20 patients were silicone oil-dependent.ConclusionsChoroidal suturing proved to be an effective method to fix the avulsed choroid, which greatly improved the BCVA and maintained the IOP, and efficiently increased the choroidal and retinal reattachment rate and preservation of the eyeball.

Cureus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Faten A Al Majed ◽  
Fatemah T Al Shamlan ◽  
Mohammed A Alawazem ◽  
Hussain H Alsadah ◽  
Hossain S Al Beshri ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 707-711
Sumaiya Hasan ◽  
Dheerendra Singh ◽  
Neha Singh Jat ◽  
Vivek Paul Buddhe

To study epidemiology, biometry and visual outcomes (with or without posterior capsulorhexis) in cases of pediatric traumatic cataract. This was a prospective observational study conducted on 30 children of traumatic cataract belonging to an age group of less than 16 years. All patients were subjected to detailed history and ocular examination. Patients underwent cataract surgery with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Posterior capsulorhexis with posterior optic capture was done in all patients presenting with primary posterior capsular opacity. All patients were followed up till 6 months and surgical outcomes in terms of Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA), and visual axis opacification (VAO) were observed. Firecracker injury was found to be the most common causal agent, followed by arrow and ball injuries. Males were more commonly injured than females (70%:30%). Open-globe injury was more frequent than closed globe injury (CGI) (53.3%:46.7%). Anterior capsular rupture was the most frequent preoperative complication. Mean axial length was 22.53 which was not significantly different from the fellow eye. 3 patients were left aphakic, 10 patients underwent single piece IOL implantation and 16 patients underwent multipiece IOL implantation. Anterior chamber IOL (ACIOL) was implanted in one case. Intraoperatively 6 patients were found to have posterior capsular plaque and were implanted with multipiece IOL with posterior optic capture. Visual acuity significantly improved in 21 out of 30 eyes from baseline after cataract surgery (p<0.001). 9 patients (30%) had posterior capsular opacification (PCO) on follow up. Posterior capsular opacity in pediatric traumatic cataracts can be effectively managed with posterior capsulorhexis and posterior optic capture.

Eye ◽  
2022 ◽  
Zhi Hong Toh ◽  
Shreya Mehul Shah ◽  
Chun Hau Chua ◽  
Annette K. Hoskin ◽  
Rupesh Agrawal ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 62 (1) ◽  
pp. 203-218
John Placide ◽  
Colin S. Ip ◽  
Bao Han A. Le ◽  
Shazia F. Ali ◽  
Layla M. Ghergherehchi

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 132-141
E. V. Gromakina ◽  
K. M. Saidzhamolov ◽  
V. G. Moses ◽  
N. V. Tyunina ◽  
K. B. Moses

Here we aimed to analyse the prevalence, clinical  course, and current approaches to the prevention and treatment of open globe injury in children as well as its complications: hyphema, retinal detachment, traumatic uveitis, and endophthalmitis. Currently, children are responsible for the 10-15% of open globe injuries. In developed countries, open globe injury is the leading cause of monocular blindness in children. Open globe injury mainly affects boys (60−70% cases), yet severe injuries are rare, and closed globe injury is the most common type of eye injury. Most injuries are accidental and occur at home in daily life (50−60%), outdoors (20−35%), at school (1−5%), or while playing sports (1−3%). Open globe injury most often affects cornea and is associated with a high risk of early and late complications and poor outcomes. Wearing of protective glasses during sports and active recreation is recognised as an efficient tool for primary prevention of open globe injury in children. The main problems in prevention of complications of open globe injury are the lack of specialised care in low-income countries and the limited awareness of parents.

Brad Guo ◽  
Benjamin Au ◽  
Penelope Allen ◽  
Anton Van Heerden

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Mariana Leuzinger-Dias ◽  
Mário Lima-Fontes ◽  
Rita Rodrigues ◽  
Cláudia Oliveira-Ferreira ◽  
Carolina Madeira ◽  

Purpose. “In-the-bag” placement of an IOL is the Holy Grail for any cataract surgeon. However, in the absence of capsular integrity, alternative surgical options to place the IOL must be sought. We aim to report the clinical outcomes and safety profile of scleral-fixated Akreos AO60 intraocular lens implantation using Gore-Tex suture, combined with pars plana vitrectomy. Methods. This is a single-center, retrospective case series descriptive study. Electronic clinical records of all patients subjected to scleral fixation of a Bausch and Lomb Akreos AO60 IOL combined with pars plana vitrectomy, between April 1, 2017, and August 1, 2021, were reviewed. Data concerning age, sex, laterality, past ophthalmological history, pre- and postoperative best-available visual acuity, surgical indication, and intra- and postoperative complications were collected. Measured outcomes were the differences in best-available visual acuity and frequency of postoperative complications. Results. A total of 37 eyes (20 right eyes and 17 left eyes) from 36 patients (16 females and 20 males) were included in the statistical analysis. The mean age at time of surgery was 72.0 ± 12.4 years. The mean follow-up period was 548.9 days (range 39–1564 days). Globally, the mean best-available logMAR visual acuity improved from 1.61 preoperatively (0.025 decimal equivalent) to 0.57 postoperatively (0.3 decimal equivalent), this difference being statistically significant ( P < 0.001 ). Indications for surgery included aphakia due to complicated cataract surgery (24.3%; n = 9); subluxated IOL due to closed trauma (21.6%; n = 8); PEX-related subluxated IOL (16.2%; n = 6); non-traumatic, non-PEX-related subluxated IOL (18.9%; n = 7); subluxated crystalline lens due to closed trauma (8.1%; n = 3); aphakia due to open-globe injury (5.4%; n = 2); silicone-induced IOL opacification (2.7%; n = 1); and aphakia post-endophthalmitis (2.7%; n = 1). Postoperative complications included transient ocular hypertension (27.0%; n = 10), transient corneal edema (18.9%; n = 7), cystoid macular edema (18.9%, n = 7), self-limited hypotension (5.4%, n = 2), self-limited vitreous hemorrhage (2.7%, n = 1), central retinal vein occlusion (2.7%, n = 1), late retinal detachment (2.7%, n = 1), and Akreos IOL opacification (2.7%, n = 1). No suture-related complications were observed. Conclusion. There was a statistically significant improvement in visual acuity after scleral fixation of Akreos AO60 intraocular lens using Gore-Tex suture, with no suture-related problems recorded. This procedure seems to be a valuable alternative for posterior chamber IOL placement when secondary IOL implantation is required.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (12) ◽  
pp. 1941-1949
Seungkwon Choi ◽  
Sungwho Park ◽  
Iksoo Byon ◽  
Hee-Young Choi ◽  

AIM: To predict final visual acuity and analyze significant factors influencing open globe injury prognosis. METHODS: Prediction models were built using a supervised classification algorithm from Microsoft Azure Machine Learning Studio. The best algorithm was selected to analyze the predicted final visual acuity. We retrospectively reviewed the data of 171 patients with open globe injury who visited the Pusan National University Hospital between January 2010 and July 2020. We then applied cross-validation, the permutation feature importance method, and the synthetic minority over-sampling technique to enhance tool performance. RESULTS: The two-class boosted decision tree model showed the best predictive performance. The accuracy, precision, recall, F1 score, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.925, 0.962, 0.833, 0.893, and 0.971, respectively. To increase the efficiency and efficacy of the prognostic tool, the top 14 features were finally selected using the permutation feature importance method: (listed in the order of importance) retinal detachment, location of laceration, initial visual acuity, iris damage, surgeon, past history, size of the scleral laceration, vitreous hemorrhage, trauma characteristics, age, corneal injury, primary diagnosis, wound location, and lid laceration. CONCLUSION: Here we devise a highly accurate model to predict the final visual acuity of patients with open globe injury. This tool is useful and easily accessible to doctors and patients, reducing the socioeconomic burden. With further multicenter verification using larger datasets and external validation, we expect this model to become useful worldwide.

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