visual acuity
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

9839
(FIVE YEARS 4476)

H-INDEX

108
(FIVE YEARS 23)

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 45-51
Author(s):  
Made Susiyanti ◽  
◽  
Florence M. Manurung ◽  

AIM: To evaluate the graft rejection and visual outcomes after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in the presence of various congenital corneal opacities in children. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, children who underwent PK were then followed for 5y. The patient's medical records were collected from June 2014 until June 2019 and analyzed in December 2019. All patients were children under three years old with congenital corneal opacities with or without microcornea who came to a pediatric ophthalmologist and underwent PK in Jakarta Eye Center (JEC). Beforehand, all children have participated in a thorough evaluation for PK. In the case of severe microcornea was not advised to undergo surgery. The visual outcomes and graft survival rate were described in percentages. The graft survival plot was presented with Kaplan-Meier, while the visual acuity was analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed ranks test. RESULTS: Sixteen eyes from eleven patients (seven girls and four boys) underwent PK. The graft survival rate of the first 6, 12, and 18 mo later of keratoplasty was 100%, 83.3%, and 66.7%, respectively. The overall mean survival time is 22mo (standard error 2.419), and no significant difference between the patients underwent PK before and after 36mo of their age (P=0.52). The graft failure was 50%, and post-surgery complications included cataract 43.7%, band keratopathy 12.5%, and scleromalasia 6.25%. Wilcoxon test analysis of visual acuity post keratoplasty was not statistically significant (P=0.34), while overall showed 44% improvements of visual outcome for 5y of follow-up. With a good survival at one year up to 22mo (83.3%), the visual acuity could be achieved (63%), and showed improvements (44%) during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The complications are frequent for pediatric PK. Thus, corneal surgery on infants requires careful case selection, adequate pre-operative evaluation, skilled surgery (optical correction), very close cooperation family–physician, intensive post-operation care, and amblyopia management in the future.


2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 98-105
Author(s):  
Dan Cheng ◽  
◽  
Xue-Ting Yu ◽  
Yi-Qi Chen ◽  
Mei-Xiao Shen ◽  
...  

AIM: To evaluate the macular microvasculature before and after surgery for idiopathic macular hole (MH) and the association of preoperative vascular parameters with postoperative recovery of visual acuity and configuration. METHODS: Twenty eyes from 20 patients with idiopathic MH were enrolled. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images were obtained before, 2wk, 1, and 3mo after vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling. Preoperative foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area and perimeter and regional vessel density (VD) in both layers were compared according to the 3-month best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). RESULTS: The BCVA improved from 0.98±0.59 (logMAR, Snellen 20/200) preoperatively to 0.30±0.25 (Snellen 20/40) at 3mo postoperatively. The preoperative deep VD was smaller and the FAZ perimeter was larger in the 3-month BCVA<20/32 group (all P<0.05). A significant reduction was observed in FAZ parameters and all VDs 2wk postoperatively. Except for deep perifoveal VD, all VDs recovered only to their preoperative values. The postoperative FAZ parameters were lower during follow-up. Decreases in preoperative deep VDs were correlated with worse postoperative BCVA (Pearson's r=-0.667 and -0.619, respectively). A larger FAZ perimeter (Spearman's r=-0.524) and a lower deep perifoveal VD preoperatively (Pearson's r=0.486) were associated with lower healing stage. CONCLUSION: The status of the deep vasculature may be an indicator of visual acuity in patients with a closed MH. Except for the deep perifoveal region, VD recovers only to preoperative levels.


2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 106-112
Author(s):  
Xun Deng ◽  
◽  
Xue-Mei Zhu ◽  
Dan-Dan Linghu ◽  
Hua Xu ◽  
...  

AIM: To evaluate foveal vessel density (VD) and foveal thickness using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) children treated with laser photocoagulation or anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injection. Additionally, we assessed the relationship between foveal microvascular anomalies and different therapies in ROP children. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective study of patients with a diagnosis of type 1 ROP. Twenty-three eyes (14 patients) treated with anti-VEGF injection and twenty-nine eyes (17 patients) treated with laser coagulation were included in this study. The foveal VD, inner thickness and full thickness were measured at the central 0°, 2° to 8°, and 8° of the retina (centered on the fovea) using OCTA and cross-sectional OCT, respectively. RESULTS: Foveal VD, inner thickness and full thickness were significantly smaller within the central 8° of the retina in ROP children treated with anti-VEGF injection than in those treated with laser photocoagulation (P=0.013, 0.009, 0.036, respectively). The full thickness was also smaller in the anti-VEGF group than in the laser group at the central 0° of the retina (P=0.010). The grade of foveal hypoplasia is lower in the anti-VEGF group than in the laser group (P=0.045). Multivariable analysis did not find any risk factors associated with visual acuity in our study. CONCLUSION: In children with type 1 ROP, the better structural development of fovea in those who were treated with anti-VEGF injection compared with laser photocoagulation are identified. However, visual acuity outcomes are similar 70mo after the treatments.


2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Duygu Bozkaya ◽  
Heng Zou ◽  
Cindy Lu ◽  
Nicole W. Tsao ◽  
Byron L. Lam

Abstract Background Choroideremia is a rare inherited retinal disease that leads to blindness. Visual acuity (VA) is a key outcome measure in choroideremia treatment studies, but VA decline rates change with age. An accurate understanding of the natural deterioration of VA in choroideremia is important to assess the treatment effect of new therapies in which VA is the primary outcome measure. We conducted a meta-analysis of data on individuals with choroideremia to determine the rate of VA deterioration between the better- and worse-seeing eye (BSE and WSE, respectively). Methods Data were collected from the prospective Natural History of the Progression of Choroideremia (NIGHT) study (613 eyes, baseline data only), studies included in a recent meta-analysis, and studies identified in a targeted literature search performed on March 25, 2020, including individual best-corrected VA (BCVA) and age data in male individuals with choroideremia. Best-corrected VA decline rates (measured by logMAR units) by age and trends in BCVA decline rates in the BSE and WSE were evaluated.  Results Data from 1037 males (1602 eyes; mean age, 41.8 years) were included. Before and after an age cutoff of 33.8 years, BCVA decline rates for the WSE were 0.0086 and 0.0219 logMAR per year, respectively. Before and after an age cutoff of 39.1 years, BCVA decline rates for the BSE were 0.00001 and 0.0203 logMAR per year, respectively. Differences in absolute BCVA and decline rates increased between the 2 eyes until age ~ 40; thereafter, differences in absolute BCVA and decline rates were similar between eyes. Conclusions Using the largest choroideremia data set to date, this analysis demonstrates accelerated BCVA decline beginning between 30 and 40 years of age. Disparate interocular progression rates were observed before the transition age, with similar interocular progression rates after the transition age.


2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
pp. 64-68
Author(s):  
Bikram Bahadur Thapa ◽  
Basu Prasad Adhikari ◽  
Nanda Kumari Gurung ◽  
Jitendra Kumar Verma

Introduction: Proper preoperative biometry in cataract surgery provides expected postoperative uncorrected visual outcome. Astigmatism is one of the major problems to achieve best postoperative unaided visual acuity. Aims: To determine the distribution of biometric parameter and unaided visual outcome in the cataract patients operated at Nepalgunj medical college, Banke, Nepal. Methods: The patients who underwent cataract surgery between January 2019 and December 2020 at Nepalgunj medical college were studied. Patient’s demographic parameter, keratometric value, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness and axial length data, type of surgery, preoperative and post-operative visual acuity and other clinical details were collected and analyzed. Results: This study enrolled 261 eyes of 261 patients who had undergone cataract surgery. The mean age of patients was 60.8 ± 14.62 years. The mean corneal astigmatism was 1.30±1.43 D. Corneal astigmatism was higher than 1.00 D in almost 40% of cases. With-therule astigmatism was the most common type (46.4%) of astigmatism observed in this study. The mean average keratometry was 44.83±2.05 D. The mean preoperative LogMAR VA of 1.52±0.83 improved to 0.48 ± 0.48 postoperatively without statistically significant differences between manual small incision cataract surgery and phacoemulsification technique (p=0.496). Conclusion: The biometric data helps to improve surgical procedure and select most appropriate intraocular lens to attain maximal postoperative uncorrected visual acuity following cataract surgery. This study found superior convention incision is better for cataract surgery with equivalent visual outcome following manual small incision cataract surgery and phacoemulsification.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 619-623
Author(s):  
Kartika Anand ◽  
Ashutosh Dokania

To evaluate changes in macular thickness via-a-vis visual acuity post uncomplicated manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) & phacoemulsification surgery Prospective clinical study on 160 patients of uncomplicated immature senile cataract, aged 40-70yrs, patients were randomised into two groups, MSICS & phacoemulsification, by simple 1:1 randomization, who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery with posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL). Post-operatively, the patients were evaluated for best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and changes in macular thickness by optical coherence tomography (OCT) at post-op Day 1, 7, 21, 48, and 12 weeks. Paired t-test was used for comparison across follow up. : At 12 weeks post-operative, mean logMAR BCVA was 0.01±0.02 for MSICS group and 0±0.02 for Phacoemulsification group. Macular thickness was not statistically significant (p=0.342) between MSICS group (219.19±17.88µm) and Phacoemlusification group (215.61±16.21µm), at the end of 12 weeks post-operative. Clinically significant macular oedema was not diagnosed in any of the patients at the follow-ups.: Both procedures achieved good post-operative Best Corrected visual acuity without significant differences in BCVA between both the groups at the end of 12 weeks.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 634-637
Author(s):  
Abhilash B ◽  
Sinchana Adyanthaya

Covid-19 pandemic has led to children missing schools due to which eye care screening activities at schools have taken a backseat. To mitigate this home based visual acuity estimation smartphone applications are increasingly being used for the purpose of tele-ophthalmology purposes, although with no validation of the same. We aim to fulfil this lacunae. Current study was a cross sectional analysis on 286 eyes of 148 children aged between 6years to 14years attending our OPD from April 2021 to June 2021, with non-acute ocular symptomatology. Snellen’s distant visual acuity was compared against the visual acuity recorded by smart phone based Isight pro app and Peek acuity smart phone app. Statistical analysis was performed by Bland Altmann analysis by using SPSS version 21 and p<0.05 was taken as the level of significance. The mean differences between the smartphone-based test Isight pro and the Snellen’s chart and the smartphone-based test Peek acuity and Snellen’s acuity data were 0.06 (95%CI, 0.04–0.08) and 0.07 (95%CI,0.05–0.09) logMAR, respectively. Time taken to test visual acuity by Snellen’s chart was approximately 118.2±21.38 seconds, whereas with Isight pro and Peek acuity smart phone apps the time for testing was approximately 92±15.88 seconds and 94.03±19.73 seconds respectively. P<0.05.The mean visual acuity was comparable with Snellen’s chart and ETDRS based smart phone apps like Isight pro and Peek acuity. The mean time to assess visual acuity was slightly more in Snellen’s acuity than with smart phone based apps. Inability to access eye care services through screening activities in schools has been mitigated effectively by using these smart phone apps. Hence these smart phone apps can be effectively used in tele-ophthalmologic practice and screening activities in these COVID-19 pandemic times.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 717-722
Author(s):  
Poorva Shrivastava ◽  
Sheetal Morskole ◽  
Lalit Shrivastava

This study was conducted to evaluate the visual field changes in tubercular patients on anti-tubercular therapy and to assess the reversibility of these changes after the discontinuation therapy. This study was conducted as a prospective analytical study at tertiary care centres in Bhopal and Jabalpur on all newly detected tuberculosis patients. Ocular history, relevant history was recorded and detailed ocular examination was done at the time of presentation, before initiating ATT. All the patients were followed up periodically till the cessation of treatment and three months thereafter. A total of 40 cases of newly diagnosed tuberculosis were registered with mean age of 38.4±13.99 years. We documented significant deterioration in visual acuity after 3 months of initiation of therapy. Once the ATT was stopped, the improvement in visual acuity was statistically significant 3 months after the cessation of ATT as compared to visual acuity 3 months after initiation of ATT (p<0.05). But residual visual impairment even after stoppage of ATT was observed. Color vison and visual field defects were observed in higher proportions of eyes following initiation of ethambutol which improved significantly after 3 months of cessation of ATT (p<0.05). Ethambutol, even in recommended dose according to DOTS, has been associated with ocular toxicity which manifests in the form of painless progressive loss of vision, color vision defects and visual field defects. Though these changes are usually reversible, few patients have irreversible damage. Thus, patients receiving ethambutol must be explained regarding these effects and followed up periodically.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 707-711
Author(s):  
Sumaiya Hasan ◽  
Dheerendra Singh ◽  
Neha Singh Jat ◽  
Vivek Paul Buddhe

To study epidemiology, biometry and visual outcomes (with or without posterior capsulorhexis) in cases of pediatric traumatic cataract. This was a prospective observational study conducted on 30 children of traumatic cataract belonging to an age group of less than 16 years. All patients were subjected to detailed history and ocular examination. Patients underwent cataract surgery with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Posterior capsulorhexis with posterior optic capture was done in all patients presenting with primary posterior capsular opacity. All patients were followed up till 6 months and surgical outcomes in terms of Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA), and visual axis opacification (VAO) were observed. Firecracker injury was found to be the most common causal agent, followed by arrow and ball injuries. Males were more commonly injured than females (70%:30%). Open-globe injury was more frequent than closed globe injury (CGI) (53.3%:46.7%). Anterior capsular rupture was the most frequent preoperative complication. Mean axial length was 22.53 which was not significantly different from the fellow eye. 3 patients were left aphakic, 10 patients underwent single piece IOL implantation and 16 patients underwent multipiece IOL implantation. Anterior chamber IOL (ACIOL) was implanted in one case. Intraoperatively 6 patients were found to have posterior capsular plaque and were implanted with multipiece IOL with posterior optic capture. Visual acuity significantly improved in 21 out of 30 eyes from baseline after cataract surgery (p<0.001). 9 patients (30%) had posterior capsular opacification (PCO) on follow up. Posterior capsular opacity in pediatric traumatic cataracts can be effectively managed with posterior capsulorhexis and posterior optic capture.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
P. Barrett Paulk ◽  
Dala Eloubeidi ◽  
John O. Mason III ◽  
Christine A. Curcio ◽  
Jason N. Crosson ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Patients presenting with macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with concomitant age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and their treating physicians would benefit from knowledge regarding the visual prognosis after repair. The prognosis for such patients is not well known. The purpose of this study is to compare visual outcomes in macula-off RRD in eyes with AMD versus a group of comparison eyes without AMD. Methods This was a retrospective chart review of 1,149 patients. A total of 191 eyes met study criteria, 162 non-AMD eyes (controls) and 29 AMD eyes. The main outcome measure was postoperative visual acuity in control eyes versus AMD eyes, and this was compared using Fisher’s exact test. Results There was a statistically significant difference in postoperative visual acuity by AMD status, with those without AMD having a higher frequency of Count Fingers (CF), Hand Motion (HM), Light Perception (LP), or No Light Perception (NLP) vision (p = 0.023). More specifically 5.56% of non-AMD eyes and 3.45% of AMD eyes were 20/40 or better, 77.16% of non-AMD and 55.17% of AMD eyes were worse than 20/40 and better than 20/200, 10.49% of non-AMD eyes and 37.93% of AMD eyes were 20/200 or worse, and there were 11 eyes in the non-AMD group with CF, HM, LP, or NLP vision while there was only 1 eye in the AMD group with CF vision. Conclusions Though postoperative visual acuity was worse in the non-AMD group with a higher frequency of patients having final vision of CF, HM, LP, or NLP, this is not likely a clinically significant finding. Rather, it is a function of the difference in sample size and composition between the two groups. Importantly, this study suggests AMD patients can expect similar outcomes to non-AMD patients after RRD repair. Our study suggests that approximately 58% of patients with AMD can expect to maintain functional vision better than 20/200. We conclude that AMD patients can achieve functional vision after RRD surgery, similar to those without AMD. These findings may be helpful in guiding realistic expectations of AMD patients with RRD.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document