lower extremity
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2022 ◽  
Vol 270 ◽  
pp. 85-91
Hyuma A. Leland ◽  
Jennifer S. Kim ◽  
Ido Badash ◽  
Karen E. Burtt ◽  
Alexis D. Rounds ◽  

Ayhan KÜP ◽  
Batur KANAR ◽  
Abdulkadir USLU ◽  
Regayip ZEHİR ◽  
Dursun AKASLAN ◽  

Lisa G. M. Friedman ◽  
Terri A. Zachos ◽  
Daniela Sanchez ◽  
Akhil Tawari ◽  
Harish Kempegowda ◽  

Cameron J. Overfield ◽  
Mark A. Edgar ◽  
Daniel E. Wessell ◽  
Benjamin K. Wilke ◽  
Hillary W. Garner

2022 ◽  
Mae Azeez ◽  
Mirjami Laivuori ◽  
Johanna Tolva ◽  
Nina Linder ◽  
Johan Lundin ◽  

Abstract Vascular calcification exists in different forms that reflect variable clinical and histological implications. Categories of calcification have not been quantified in relation to the clinical presentation of lower extremity arterial disease. The study analyzed 51 femoral plaques collected during femoral endarterectomy, characterized by > 90% stenosis. The plaques were longitudinally sectioned, stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin and digitized for a deep learning platform for quantification of the relative area of nodular calcification to the plaque section area. Vessel measurements and quantity of each calcification category was compared to the clinical risk factors and outcomes. nodular calcification area proportion is associated with reduced risk of severely lowered toe pressure (< 30mmHg) (OR=0.910, 95%CI =0.835-0992, p<0.05), severely lowered ankle brachial index (<0.4), (OR=0.912, 95%CI=0.84-0.986, p<0.05), and semi-urgent operation (OR=0.882, 95%CI=0.797-0.976, p<0.05). The analysis was adjusted by age, gender, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia. Increase of the relative amount of nodular calcification in femoral plaques with over 90% stenosis is associated with protection against severe LEAD, identified by severely lowered toe pressure and ankle brachial index and semi-urgent operations. Nodular calcification may contribute to a slower obstruction, hence milder obstructive ischaemic presentation.

Thomas A. Meijers ◽  
Adel Aminian ◽  
Marleen van Wely ◽  
Koen Teeuwen ◽  
Thomas Schmitz ◽  

Background The use of large‐bore (LB) arterial access and guiding catheters has been advocated for complex percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the impact of LB transradial access (TRA) and transfemoral access (TFA) on extremity dysfunction is currently unknown. Methods and Results The predefined substudy of the COLOR (Complex Large‐Bore Radial PCI) trial aimed to assess upper and lower‐extremity dysfunction after LB radial and femoral access. Upper‐extremity function was assessed in LB TRA‐treated patients by the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire and lower‐extremity function in LB TFA‐treated patients by the Lower Extremity Functional Scale questionnaire. Extremity pain and effect of access site complications and risk factors on extremity dysfunction was also analyzed. There were 343 patients who completed analyzable questionnaires. Overall, upper and lower‐extremity function did not decrease over time when LB TRA and TFA were used for complex percutaneous coronary intervention, as represented by the median Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score (6.8 at baseline and 2.1 at follow‐up, higher is worse) and Lower Extremity Functional Scale score (56 at baseline and 58 at follow‐up, lower is worse). Clinically relevant extremity dysfunction occurred in 6% after TRA and 9% after TFA. A trend for more pronounced upper‐limb dysfunction was present in female patients after LB TRA ( P =0.05). Lower‐extremity pain at discharge was significantly higher in patients with femoral access site complications ( P =0.02). Conclusions Following LB TRA and TFA, self‐reported upper and lower‐limb function did not decrease over time in the majority of patients. Clinically relevant limb dysfunction occurs in a small minority of patients regardless of radial or femoral access. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov ; Unique identifier: NCT03846752.

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