functional recovery
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2022 ◽  
Vol 270 ◽  
pp. 85-91
Hyuma A. Leland ◽  
Jennifer S. Kim ◽  
Ido Badash ◽  
Karen E. Burtt ◽  
Alexis D. Rounds ◽  

Nutrients ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 264
Hiroshi Kishimoto ◽  
Yuka Nemoto ◽  
Takayuki Maezawa ◽  
Kazushi Takahashi ◽  
Kazunori Koseki ◽  

It has been reported that weight gain at discharge compared with admission is associated with improved activities of daily living in convalescent rehabilitation (CR) patients with low body mass index. Here, we investigated whether weight maintenance or gain during the early phase of CR after stroke correlates with a better functional recovery in patients with a wide range of BMI values. We conducted this retrospective cohort study in a CR ward of our hospital and included adult stroke patients admitted to the ward from January 2014 to December 2018. After ~1 month of hospitalization, the patients were classified into weight loss and weight maintenance or gain (WMG) groups based on the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition criteria for weight. We adopted the motor functional independence measure (FIM) gain as the primary outcome. The motor FIM gain tended to be greater in the WMG group but without statistical significance. However, multiple regression analysis showed that WMG was significantly and positively associated with motor FIM gain. In conclusion, weight maintenance or gain in patients during the early phase of CR after stroke may be considered as a predictor of their functional recovery, and nutritional management to prevent weight loss immediately after the start of rehabilitation would contribute to this.

Sarah E. Dyer ◽  
J. David Remer ◽  
Kelsey E. Hannifin ◽  
Aishwarya Hombal ◽  
Joseph C. Wenke ◽  

Extended tourniquet application, often associated with battlefield extremity trauma, can lead to severe ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in skeletal muscle. Particulate oxygen generators (POGs) can be directly injected into tissue to supply oxygen to attenuate the effects of I/R injury in muscle. The goal of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a sodium percarbonate (SPO)-based POG formulation in reducing ischemic damage in a rat hind limb during tourniquet application. Male Lewis rats were anesthetized and underwent tourniquet application for 3 hours, at a pressure of 300 mmHg. Shortly after tourniquet inflation animals received intramuscular injections of either 0.2 mg/mL SPO with catalase (n=6) or 2.0 mg/mL SPO with catalase (n=6) directly into the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle. An additional Tourniquet-Only group (n=12) received no intervention. Functional recovery was monitored using in vivo contractile testing of the hind limb at 1-, 2-, and 4-weeks post-injury. By the 4 week time point, the Low Dose POGs group continued to show improved functional recovery (85% of baseline) compared to the Tourniquet-Only (48%) and High Dose POG (56%) groups. In short, the Low Dose POGs formulation appeared, at least in part, to mitigate the impact of ischemic tissue injury, thus improving contractile function following tourniquet application. Functional improvement correlated with maintenance of larger muscle fiber cross sectional area, and the presence of fewer fibers containing centrally located nuclei. As such, POGs represent a potentially attractive therapeutic solution for addressing I/R injuries associated with extremity trauma.

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