Geriatric Population
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Cureus ◽  
2021 ◽  
Abdulrhman Alabdulgader ◽  
Ali O Mobarki ◽  
Ahmed AlDuwayrij ◽  
Abdullah Albadran ◽  
Mohammed I Almulhim ◽  

Sami Aldhuwayhi

Objectives: The purpose of thestudy was to evaluate the knowledge and perceptions of Arabian dental students on geriatric dentistry. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a total of 100 participants were selected [25 from 3rd-and 4th-year students (Group I) and 5th-year students and interns (Group II)]. All participants were completed a three-part [(Part I (knowledge) and II (cognitive evaluation) and III (awareness and attitude of psychosocial and health problems)] questionnaire related to geriatric dentistry. The comparisons were made among the Groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Version 21.0.IBM Corp) software.   Results: The responses on the knowledge of the geriatric population and their oral health (Part I) questionnaire among groups were not statistically significant (p >0.05). The knowledge mean scores comparison showed a significant relationship evident among the groups (p<0.05). Overall all Group II participants achieved the highest scores for Part I (p>0.05),  Part II (p<0.05), and Part III A&B (p>0.05). Conclusions: The students belong to 5th-year, and Interns achieved high scores compared to 3rd- and 4th- years students. Dental students and interns in Saudi Arabia lack positive approaches to providing primary health care to geriatric individuals despite a rapidly growing geriatric population.  

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Marissa Lammon

Abstract The dystopian fiction genre within Western media has historically highlighted the flaws associated with societal attempts to achieve an unattainable ideal – or utopia. Through storytelling, these texts highlight the present issues in society, and among them, readers find deeply concerning messages about dehumanisation and oppression. The Gigantic Beard That Was Evil by Stephen Collins is uniquely placed within this larger genre due to the exceptional use of negative space; that is, the text communicates multiple meanings through what Collins includes and does not include. The following article engages in a deep reading of The Gigantic Beard That Was Evil through textual analysis to interpret and describe the message Collins communicates highlighting institutional ageism and bereavement. Consideration for the use of both negative and positive space within narrative construction reveals a story that encourages societal and social change to better care for the mentally ill, geriatric population.

P. Chaitra Bhat ◽  
K. U. Dhanesh Kumar ◽  
Subhashchandra Rai ◽  
K. B. Riyas Basheer

Background: Ageing has been associated with multiple medical conditions mainly due to impaired immune mechanisms and deteriorating physiological reserves such as declining physical health, increased risk for mental and emotional problems, economic constraints, changing roles and changing lifestyles. Chronic psychological and physical illnesses among geriatrics were studied univocally. Hence present study aimed to compare the effect of yoga techniques and conventional exercises. Methods: 40 subjects participated in the form of group therapy based on the selection criteria. Yoga group received yogic Relaxation and pranayama (10 min each) and exercise group received supine rest and diaphragmatic breathing (10 min each) for four days per weeks continued for three months. Outcome measures were evaluated before the intervention and after three months of participation. Results: The Oxygen saturation in yoga group were 96.4±1.39 and 97.05±1.19, and in exercise group 96.7±1.45 and 97.7± 0.73 in pre and post assessment. The breath rates in yoga group were reduced to an average of 19.1 and 19.65 in exercise group after 3 months. The mean vital capacity (L/min), FEV1 (mL/sec), FVC (L/min) in yoga group after 3 months were 1.72 ± 0.2, 1.53 ± 0.17 and 1.47 ± 0.1 and in exercise group were 0.72 ± 0.13, 0.70 ± 0.13 and 0.69 ± 0.13 after the intervention. The mean anxiety and depression measured with HADS were 8.9 ± 0.8 & 7.45 ± 0.75 and 9.0 ± 0.72 & 7.9 ± 0.8 pre and post respectively in Yoga Group & Exercise Group. Conclusion: Yogic relaxation and pranayama is equally effective in supine rest and diaphragmatic breathing in improving oxygen saturation, breath rate, lung parameters and anxiety and depression in geriatrics.

Manpreet Sharma ◽  
Mandeep Kaur ◽  
Hardeep Kaur

Background: Knee pain is one of the most prevalent disorders affecting the quality of life of elderly age group and geriatric population. This can occur due to numerous reasons including obesity, constant weight bearing rheumatic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, reactive arthritis as well as osteoarthritis that may lead to swelling, redness, warmth, weakness, tenderness, and stiffness of the joint. A number of pain reliever formulations are available in the market that include NSAIDs based creams, intra synovial injections and steroid based formulations however none of them proves to be completely effective in improving the quality of life of geriatric population. In addition to it, there are a number of reported side effects/adverse events related to these formulations. Methods: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a home remedy prepared from Mustard oil and garlic as mentioned in ancient texts of Ayurveda in the knee pain subjects for improving quality of life. A quasi-experimental study (two group pretest and posttest design) was conducted in 70 subjects in two groups of 35 each with knee joint pain meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Pain was assessed using numeric pain scale. Data analysis was done using inferential and descriptive statistics. Majority of the samples in both group I and group II had moderate and severe level of pain. Results: After intervention, the pain level had reduced to mild level in experimental group as compared to conventional group. The mean pretest values of pain score in experimental group had significant difference during posttest measurement of mean pain score. The difference was found to be significant in experimental group with warm mustard oil massage, but in conventional group difference was not significant. Conclusion: Mustard oil-garlic combo massage proved to be a good home remedy in knee pain Key words:  effectiveness, mustard oil with garlic massage, knee pain

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (3) ◽  
pp. 201-206
Eun Sil Lee ◽  
Sogene Kwon ◽  
Hyoung Moo Park

Background: Increasing geriatric population, osteoporosis prevalence, and interest in bone health are key contributing factors for the growth of osteoporosis medication markets. Thus, this study evaluated changes in the menopausal hormone and other osteoporosis medication markets from 2016 to 2019.Methods: This study’s dataset was obtained from the International Marketing Services of IQVIA Inc. in South Korea. The sales of medications for osteoporosis treatment with menopausal hormones were evaluated for drug sales for osteoporosis treatment from 2016 to 2019.Results: The results showed that the tissue-selective estrogen complex (TSEC) sales had increased annually while the estrogen-progesterone therapy (EPT) sales had decreased. Excluding menopausal hormones, bisphosphonates were the most widely sold medications for osteoporosis treatment. Among the bisphosphonate medications, sales of ibandronate and zoledronate increased annually, while alendronate and risedronate decreased. Teriparatide also showed increasing sales. A rapid rise was noted in the sales of denosumab.Conclusions: While the sales of TSEC, injectable bisphosphonates, and denosumab have increased annually, the sales of EPT, estrogen therapy, oral bisphosphonates have not increased, as reflected in hormone therapy and osteoporosis medication market trends. This study showed the recent trends in hormone therapy and the osteoporosis medication market from 2016 to 2019 in South Korea.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 59-65
Pranay Wal ◽  
Ankita Wal ◽  
Rashmi Saxena Pal ◽  
Yogendra Pal ◽  
Nikita Saraswat

Background: Due to the prevailing coronavirus crisis, the use of sanitizers has become an urgent need of today to take preventive care as we step out for various reasons. Many brands and varieties of sanitizers are available in the market today. Objective: The present study has been undertaken to develop and analyse the effects of an Ayurvedic preparation to overcome all the ill effects exerted on the skin by the chemical-based sanitizers. As there are very bad long-lasting effects on skin after continuous use of synthetically derived sanitizers. This pandemic situation has forced all of us for using sanitizers at least 10 times a day, especially for children and the Geriatric population. Material and Methods: Formulation was developed with the help of natural ingredients and then it was evaluated on the safety and efficacy standards to make sure about the credibility of the designed preparation. The benefits of using this formulation were observed during the health camps organised by Diabport health care at various parks in Kanpur. The texture of the skin was improved and apart from this. This was assessed with the help of a questionnaire (KAP) which was developed and validated. Results: The herbal based sanitizer, derived from Ayurvedic principles, was found to be quite effective against germs, microbes and it was beneficial for the care of hands also. Hands were soft and irritation free when the herbal sanitizers were applied for optimum time. We have observed that those patients who have history of high sugar level are more prone of developing rashes due to excessive usage of sanitizers. Diabetic dermopathy was also relieved. The population which used this formulation showed sign of improvement in both the texture of skin as well as decreased number of rashes. Conclusion: Herbal-based sanitizers are the need of the hour to combat the danger of corona, keeping the hands mild and soft. More focus on them should be encouraged on a large scale.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (8) ◽  
pp. 61-66
Shagun S. Kamble ◽  
Gaurav C. Mhaske

Background - Falls are one of the measure concerns in geriatric population resulting in unintentional coming to rest on the ground. Majority of falls are multifactorial which commonly results in morbidity and mortality in rare cases. The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence of high risk of falls in elderly in old age homes. Method -An observational study involving 140 participants in old age homes of Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India were selected by convenient sampling and prevalence was assessed by using TUG test, 30 second chair stand test, 4-stage balance test. Result – prevalence of high fall risk which impacted the physical capabilities and quality of life of elderly were 52.85%, 47.85%,55.71% according to TUG test, 30 second chair stand test, and 4 stage balance Test. Conclusion – Falls are major concern among elderly living in old age homes of Aurangabad. Our findings may assist the geriatric healthcare system to take early measures for elderly to prevent falls and spread awareness. Key words: Prevalence, Risk of fall, elderly, old age homes, TUG, 30 sec chair stand test, 4 stage balance Test, Aurangabad.

Olivia M. Seecof ◽  
Molly Allanoff ◽  
John Liantonio ◽  
Susan Parks

Purpose: There is a dearth of literature regarding the documentation of advance care planning (ACP) in the geriatric population, despite the controversial, yet well-studied need for ACP. The purpose of this pilot study was to provide an update to a prior study from our institution that outlined the need for increased documentation of advance care planning (ACP) in an urban geriatric population. Methods: Our study involved using telemedicine to conduct dedicated ACP visits and an electronic medical record (EMR) note-template specifically designed for these visits in an attempt to increase the amount of documented ACP in the EMR in this population. Results: The study did not yield significant results due to the inability to schedule enough patients for these dedicated visits. Discussion: While our study was ultimately unsuccessful, 3 crucial lessons were identified that will inform and fuel future interventions by the authors to further the study of documentation of ACP.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (9) ◽  
pp. 03-08
Gauravi Santosh Bapat ◽  
Anuradha Shekhar

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