hematoxylin and eosin
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 574-580
Shusong Li ◽  
Ying Ma ◽  
Zhuoran Liu ◽  
Xiaoyu Zhao ◽  
Li Li ◽  

<sec> <title>Objective:</title> The purpose of this research is to explore the influences of thymosin β4 (Tβ4) in deepsecond-degree scald wound healing of rat skin and its relationship with Wnt/β-catenin pathway. </sec> <sec> <title>Methods:</title> Deep second-degree scalded model rats were prepared and divided into normal saline (NS) treatment group, Tβ4 treatment group and FH535 inhibitor group. Then, the concentrations of inflammatory factors in the rats were monitored via adopting the correlated TNF-α and IL-1β ELISA kits. In the meantime, the wound healing rate was analyzed via photography. Subsequently, the qRTPCR procedure was wielded to determine Wnt1 and β-catenin expression in wound tissues, and the degree of wound tissue injury was examined via hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Finally, Western blotting (WB) was adopted to assess Wnt/β-catenin pathway-associated protein levels. </sec> <sec> <title>Results:</title> Releasing amount of TNF-α and IL-1β were conspicuously up-regulated after scalding (p <0.01), and Wnt1 and β-catenin expression at molecular transcription level was also significantly raised (p < 0.01). Besides, treatment with 18 μg of Tβ4 significantly increased the wound healing rate of scalded rats (p < 0.01). In addition, Tβ4 treatment significantly promoted wound healing (p < 0.01) and increased the Wnt1 and β-catenin expression levels (p < 0.01). Moreover, FH535 significantly restrained the Wnt/β-catenin pathway-correlated protein levels (p < 0.01) and wound healing. </sec> <sec> <title>Conclusion:</title> Tβ4 can promote scald wound healing in rats and may play a role via evoking Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation. </sec>

2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
H. M. Ziemniczak ◽  
C. A. Honorato ◽  
J. K. Valentim ◽  
E. Ferreira ◽  
H. T. Ferraz ◽  

Abstract The work aimed to evaluate the weight-length relationship and the condition factor, characterizing the biometry, anatomy, histology and volumetric density of the liver of Brycon amazonicus, in different stages of body growth. The experiment used twenty specimens in four stages of body growth (PI, PII, PIII and PIV) harvested every 90 days, containing five specimens, each group. The livers were dissected, weighed (g) and processed routinely using the hematoxylin and eosin technique. The data were submitted to analysis of variance, Pearson’s correlation test and linear regression. The equation that represented the weight-length relation was W = 0.05902 x L2.63, with negative allometric growth, but with a relative condition factor equal to 1.0. The liver was divided into three lobes with the gallbladder close to the right lobe and its color varied from light red to dark red, not varying in relation to other fish species. The hepatosomatic relationship followed body growth until the PII group stage and then declined, demonstrating the behavior of its development in Brycon amazonicus. The organ consists predominantly of hepatocytes, followed by sinusoidal vessels and capillaries, with histological morphology similar to that of many species of fish. Melanomacrophage centers were found only in the most developed animals, but in small quantities, prompting the development of new research on this cell, in this species. In this way, research of this nature allows the characterization of fish species, helping to improve breeding methods, understanding pathological processes caused by diseases, and obtaining better productive capacity, serving an increasingly demanding and prosperous market.

2022 ◽  
Mae Azeez ◽  
Mirjami Laivuori ◽  
Johanna Tolva ◽  
Nina Linder ◽  
Johan Lundin ◽  

Abstract Vascular calcification exists in different forms that reflect variable clinical and histological implications. Categories of calcification have not been quantified in relation to the clinical presentation of lower extremity arterial disease. The study analyzed 51 femoral plaques collected during femoral endarterectomy, characterized by > 90% stenosis. The plaques were longitudinally sectioned, stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin and digitized for a deep learning platform for quantification of the relative area of nodular calcification to the plaque section area. Vessel measurements and quantity of each calcification category was compared to the clinical risk factors and outcomes. nodular calcification area proportion is associated with reduced risk of severely lowered toe pressure (< 30mmHg) (OR=0.910, 95%CI =0.835-0992, p<0.05), severely lowered ankle brachial index (<0.4), (OR=0.912, 95%CI=0.84-0.986, p<0.05), and semi-urgent operation (OR=0.882, 95%CI=0.797-0.976, p<0.05). The analysis was adjusted by age, gender, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia. Increase of the relative amount of nodular calcification in femoral plaques with over 90% stenosis is associated with protection against severe LEAD, identified by severely lowered toe pressure and ankle brachial index and semi-urgent operations. Nodular calcification may contribute to a slower obstruction, hence milder obstructive ischaemic presentation.

2022 ◽  
Guangrong Lu ◽  
Mayank Rao ◽  
Ping Zhu ◽  
Nadine Linendoll ◽  
Maximilian L. Buja ◽  

Abstract Purpose Systemic monotherapy with temozolomide (TMZ) or bevacizumab (BEV); two-drug combinations, such as Irinotecan (IRI) and BEV, TMZ and BEV and a three-drug combination with TMZ, IRI and BEV (TIB) have been used in treating patients with progressive high-grade gliomas including glioblastoma. Most patients tolerated these regimens well with well-established sides effects of hypertension, proteinuria, and reversible clinical myelosuppression (CM). However, organ-specific toxicities have never been examined by postmortem studies. Methods Postmortem tissues (from all major organs) were prospectively collected and examined by standard institution autopsy and brain cutting procedures from 76 decedents, including gliomas (N=68, 44/M, and 24/F) and brain metastases (N=8, 5/M, and 3/F) between 2009 and 2019. Standard hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) were performed on all major organs and brain samples harvested. Electronic microscopic (EM) study was carried on selected subjects kidney samples per standard EM protocol. Results Twenty-four glioma subjects were treated with TIB [median: 5.5 (range: 1-25) cycles] at glioma recurrence. Exposure to IRI significantly increased the frequency of CM (p=0.05). No unexpected adverse events were detected clinically or permenant end-organ damage by postmortem examination among subjects who received TIB compared to subjects who received standard of care (SOC) therapies. Among glioma decedents, the most common causes of death (COD) were tumor progression (63.2%, N=43), followed by aspiration pneumonia (48.5%, N=33). No COD was attributed to acute toxicity from TIB. The study also demonstrated that postmortem kidney specimen is unsuitable for studying renal ultrastructural pathological changes due to autolysis. Conclusion IRI, but not the extended use of TMZ, significantly increased CM in recurrent glioma patients. There is no permanent organ-specific toxicity among glioma decedents who received prolonged BEV, TMZ or TIB regimen based chemotherapies except expected occasional myelosuppresson. COD are most commonly resulted from glioma tumor progression and aspiration pneumonia.

2022 ◽  
Neeraj Kumar ◽  
Ruchika Verma ◽  
Chuheng Chen ◽  
Cheng Lu ◽  
Pingfu Fu ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 27-29
V. S. Botasheva ◽  
N. A. Stadnik ◽  
A. B. Kubanova ◽  
N. I. Samoilov

An experimental model of hypothyroidism was obtained by thyroidectomy. The operation was carried out on 57 sexually mature male rats weighing 250–300 g. The experiment lasted 45 days. Laboratory animals were removed from the experiment on days 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th, 35th and 45th. As a control, 15 rats were used that were not operated on. For histological examination, pieces of rat myocardium were taken from the left and right ventricles. The pieces were fixed in 10% buffered formalin for 10 days. Histological sections were prepared in a standard manner. Sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, picrofuchsin according to van Gieson, toluidine blue, according to Mallory. Results of the study: In the myocardium of rats, hemodynamic disorders, edema, hydropic degeneration of cardiomyocytes, myocytolysis, fragmentation of muscle fibers, colliquation necrosis, compression and atrophy of muscle fibers were found. An immunohistochemical study revealed a decrease in the expression of desmin and sarcomeric actin.

2022 ◽  
Salim Arslan ◽  
Xiusi Li ◽  
Julian Schmidt ◽  
Julius Hense ◽  
Andre Geraldes ◽  

We present a public validation of PANProfiler (ER, PR, HER2), an in-vitro medical device (IVD) that predicts the qualitative status of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) by analysing the hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained tissue scan. In public validation on 648 (ER), 648 (PR) and 560 (HER2) unseen cases with known biomarker status, the device achieves an accuracy of 87% (ER), 83% (PR) and 87% (HER2). The validation offers early evidence of the ability to predict clinically relevant breast biomarkers from an H&E slide in a relevant clinical setting.

2022 ◽  
Hui Lu ◽  
Doudou Chen ◽  
Siquan Zhu

Abstract Purposes: This study was aimed to evaluate the clinical manifestations of recurrent uveitis in patients underwent pupil coroplasty combined with cataract surgery, and discovery the histopathological changes of iris tissues. Methods: There 28 patients with recurrent uveitis-induced cataract, who had underwent pupil coroplasty, phacoemulsification, and intraocular lens implantation were enrolled in this study. The clinical manifestations and outcomes of the enrolled patients were analyzed. The histopathological changes of iris tissues were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Results: The uveitis were idiopathic in 89.29% cases (n = 25). Before the surgery, 20 cases had no topical medication for at least 3 months. The preoperative BCVA was > 0.5 in all cases. During the follow-up of 5-10 years, no recurrence of uveitis was found in 96.43% cases (n = 27). Uveitis only recurred in one case along with the onset of ankylosing spondylitis at the 6th week after the surgery. HE staining showed obvious atrophy of iris stroma in all samples. The hyperplasia of pigment cells was observed in the pigment epithelium (n = 9) and even invaded into stroma (n = 19). The infiltration of inflammatory cells in iris tissues was found in 7 cases, and neovascularization in the surface of the iris was found in 2 cases. Conclusion: Recurrent uveitis was characterized by the atrophy of iris stroma, and some cases also exhibited hyperplasia of pigment cells and infiltration of inflammatory cells. The surgery proposed in this study can effectively prevent the long-term recurrence of uveitis.

2022 ◽  
pp. 116456
Adriano Barbosa Silva ◽  
Alessandro Santana Martins ◽  
Thaína Aparecida Azevedo Tosta ◽  
Leandro Alves Neves ◽  
João Paulo Silva Servato ◽  

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