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2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (209) ◽  
pp. 1-25
Author(s):  
Jéssica Cenci Gasperin

Today the inclusion of students with disabilities is a reality in Brazilian schools, a right guaranteed by law. guaranteed by law. This article provides insight, through legislation, into the historical construction of inclusion, allowing the elucidation of concepts relevant to the education of people with disabilities. of inclusion, allowing the elucidation of concepts relevant to the education of people with disabilities in the regular school system. the education of people with disabilities in the regular school system. In addition, it allows us to perceive the history of school inclusion in Brazil in parallel with the historical vision of inclusion in the regular school system. in Brazil in parallel with the historical view of disability in the country, as well as to analyze if the legislation guarantees the effective inclusion of students with disabilities in the regular school system. legislation guarantees the effective inclusion of students with disabilities in the regular school system, as well as to regular school system, and also to reflect on the current laws that address inclusive education and their guidelines. The research used a qualitative literature review methodology, based on the legislation on inclusive education, the subject of the project. on inclusive education, the subject of the project. In addition, it was conditioned to the concept and vision of the main authors in the studies of this topic. the main authors of studies on this topic, such as Silva, Ferreira and Mantoan, which were conducted in journals, articles and the Internet. in journals, articles and internet. It is concluded that legislation, in spite of the advances and setbacks throughout history, is indispensable for the throughout history, is indispensable to guarantee and ensure the entry and permanence of these students in regular school, however, it is However, legislation alone does not guarantee the full inclusion of these students, since this depends on the However, legislation alone does not guarantee the full inclusion of these students, as it depends on numerous factors, including the involvement of the management team, teachers, and other and others responsible for pedagogical practice, as well as the elimination of barriers that may impede the full inclusion of these students. that may impede the full inclusion of these individuals in society.


2021 ◽  
Vol 37 (3) ◽  
pp. 844-850
Author(s):  
Tibor GONDA ◽  

Accessible tourism is an under-researched area in Hungary. Based on the results of a questionnaire survey, the aim of the present study is to present several specific features of the travel demand of people with disabilities, the foremost focus being the examination of the most popular tourism products in the demand of people with disabilities. 268 Hungarians responded to the survey in online and face-to-face contexts. In addition to the Hungarian survey, the article also covers small-sample research results from four other countries (Germany, Italy, Spain and Croatia). The results show that members of the target group reject segregation solutions during their travels, and, as opposed to integration, clearly demand inclusion. Their travel frequency is above average of the entire population, with interests as diverse as those without disabilities. The issue of accessible tourism affects 10% of the European population, and thus, besides the significance of the issue from a social and societal point of view, this segment cannot be neglected in terms of its market value either. Understanding the expectations of stakeholders and their specific consumer habits is an essential requirement in the development of appropriate tourism supply and in ensuring equal access to services.


2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Monnie Parida ◽  
Manjira Sinha

The pandemic has affected every facet of human life. Apart from individual’s psychological and mental health issues, the concern regarding mobility, access and communication with high risk infection is a challenging situation. People with disability are more likely vulnerable to infections. The new changes in our social lifestyle (social distancing, limiting touch) can profoundly impact the day today life of people with disability. In this paper, we will briefly discuss the situation faced by individuals with disabilities, some known remedies, and yet to be identified and curated technological remedies; the impact due to transition of special education toward online mode. Tips and tricks for better utilization of work from home concept by people with disabilities. Accessibility must be universal, accommodating all and encouraging inclusivity. As rightly said by Helen Keller, “The only thing worse than being blind is having sight but no vision”; subsequently, going by the demand of the time, we should contribute toward the universal design approach by supporting people with disabilities and commit to the changes required in disability care to reduce the impact of pandemic.


Author(s):  
Tessa Hillgrove ◽  
Jen Blyth ◽  
Felix Kiefel-Johnson ◽  
Wesley Pryor

Introduction: People with disabilities are disproportionately impacted by disasters, including health emergencies, and responses are not always inclusive or accessible. Disability-inclusive response and recovery efforts require rapid, contextually relevant data, but little was known about either the experience of people with disabilities in the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, or how rapid needs assessments were conducted. Methods: We reviewed the available results from rapid assessments of impacts of COVID-19 on people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries in Asia and the Pacific. Rapid assessment methods and questions were examined to describe the current approaches and synthesise results. Results: Seventeen surveys met the inclusion criteria. The findings suggest that people with disabilities experienced less access to health, education, and social services and increased violence. The most rapid assessments were conducted by or with disabled person’s organisations (DPOs). The rapid assessment methods were varied, resulting in heterogeneous data between contexts. Efforts to standardise data collection in disability surveys are not reflected in practice. Conclusions: Persons with disabilities were disproportionately impacted by the ‘first wave’ of the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite complex implementation challenges and methodological limitations, persons with disabilities have led efforts to provide evidence to inform disability-inclusive pandemic responses.


2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Tiago S. Jesus ◽  
Sureshkumar Kamalakannan ◽  
Sutanuka Bhattacharjya ◽  
Yelena Bogdanova ◽  
Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla ◽  
...  

Abstract Background People with disabilities (PwD) have been facing multiple health, social, and economic disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic, stemming from structural disparities experienced for long time. This paper aims to present the PREparedness, RESponse and SySTemic transformation (PRE-RE-SyST): a model for a disability-inclusive pandemic responses and systematic disparities reduction. Methods Scoping review with a thematic analysis was conducted on the literature published up to mid-September 2020, equating to the initial stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. Seven scientific databases and three preprint databases were searched to identify empirical or perspective papers addressing health and socio-economic disparities experienced by PwD as well as reporting actions to address them. Snowballing searches and experts’ consultation were also conducted. Two independent reviewers made eligibility decisions and performed data extractions on any action or recommended action to address disparities. A thematic analysis was then used for the model construction, informed by a systems-thinking approach (i.e., the Iceberg Model). Results From 1027 unique references, 84 were included in the final analysis. The PRE-RE-SyST model articulates a four-level strategic action to: 1) Respond to prevent or reduce disability disparities during a pandemic crisis; 2) Prepare ahead for pandemic and other crises responses; 3) Design systems and policies for a structural disability-inclusiveness; and 4) Transform society’s cultural assumptions about disability. ‘Simple rules’ and literature-based examples on how these strategies can be deployed are provided. Conclusion The PRE-RE-SyST model articulates main strategies, ‘simple rules’ and possible means whereby public health authorities, policy-makers, and other stakeholders can address disability disparities in pandemic crises, and beyond. Beyond immediate pandemic responses, disability-inclusiveness is needed to develop everyday equity-oriented policies and practices that can transform societies towards greater resiliency, as a whole, to pandemic and other health and social emergencies.


2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Erika Rodriguez

This article considers crip resistance to the politics of austerity with which Spain's government has reacted to the COVID-19 pandemic, roughly a decade after the 15-M anti-austerity movement and its occupations. Given the intensification of austerity politics and their effects on people with disabilities, I examine three instances of crip resistance and their virtual, local, and global settings. Beyond McRuer's expansive view of crip resistance as comprised of tactics that center disability against global austerity, my analysis establishes its groundwork in the current demands by Spanish disability advocacy groups and on Javier Romañach's modelo de diversidad funcional, the prevalent model of disability among Spanish disability activists that centers the concept of dignity. Throughout this analysis, I demonstrate how crip tactics that emerge in a crisis can help make sense of a continuing emergency as they challenge the existing conditions of cultural austerity and contribute to the concept of dignity as an organizing principle.


2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Valéria Aydos ◽  
Daniela Navarini ◽  
Bernardo Oliveira

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries have adopted social isolation as a strategy to fight and limit the spread of the global crisis of Covid-19, which has impacted organization processes and employee's relationships with one another. Several issues such as the lack of accessibility and adaptations on work routines, that were already present in people with disabilities' life in the work environment are now highlighted, bringing to light theoretical debates and practical discussions about the experience of using technological accommodations as possible strategies for promoting accessibility and inclusion. Based on narratives of people with different corporalities in this contemporary shifting reality, in this article, we aim to reflect on how accessibility issues are being managed in labor practices in Brazil. More precisely, we seek to understand the role and effects of this new use of technology on social inclusion and exclusion of people with disabilities in the times and spaces where they work remotely due to the Covid-19 pandemic.


2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Alfiya Battalova

In the wake of COVID-19, non-profit organizations that focus on providing social support services in Russia consolidated their efforts to take proactive measures to change internaty 1, the system of institutions for people with physical, mental, and intellectual disabilities. As a result of advocacy efforts by the non-profit organizations, 26 people from these institutions were evacuated and provided with temporary assisted housing. The decision to act proactively to prevent the spread of the virus among the residents of the institutions is indicative of the galvanized efforts of the non-profit sector to advocate for deinstitutionalization and assisted living. COVID-19 served as an opportunity for the non-profit organizations to emphasize the need for expediting deinstitutionalization reform. Drawing on media sources, the literature on disability and advocacy in Russia, and the conceptual framework of citizenship, this paper will provide an overview of the internaty system, analyze the legislative context of disability and COVID-19, and discuss the context of deinstitutionalization advocacy in Russia.


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