The Family
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Zootaxa ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 5060 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-44

The family Diplomaragnidae Attems, 1907 of the Asian part of Russia is reviewed and shown to comprise 11 genera and 60 species + 1 dubious species. Two genera and seven species are described here as new to science: Alineuma gen. nov., with type species A. rodionovi sp. nov. and Litovkia gen. nov., with the type species L. anisimovka sp. nov., Diplomaragna budilovi sp. nov., Diplomaragna dentifer sp. nov., Pacifiosoma shabalini sp. nov., Pacifiosoma acutum sp. nov., Pacifiosoma triangulatum sp. nov. Pacifiosoma asperum Mikhaljova, 2016 is recorded from the Primorsky Krai for the first time. Five genera are endemic to the Asian part of Russia. At the species level, the rate of endemism amounts to 91.7%. A key is given to all species of Diplomaragnidae presently known from Siberia and the Russian Far East. The distributions of the region’s diplomaragnids are discussed. Taxonomic remarks are provided for many species.  

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 149-170
Hatta Fakhrurrozi ◽  
Saepudin Mashuri

The disparity in the equality of education in Indonesia, especially in backwoods areas, is one of the problems of education in Indonesia. One of the Government's action in overcoming this gap is by distributing teachers to remote areas of the country. In addition, the government also stipulates several laws and regulations as the formal legality of education in backwoods communities. This study aims to explore the possibility of implementing the homeschool education model (homeschooling) for backwoods communities, as an effort to applied Islamic subject matter and prevail education in Indonesia. This study uses a naturalistic phenomenological approach, using triangulation as one of the data analyzes. The research location is in Hansibong, a backwoods hamlet in the Sojol mountains of ParigiMoutong district, Central Sulawesi. The results of this study found that education in Hansibong is carried out informally within the family. Learning process is held in a traditional way, using very minimal of media, methods and subject matter. The material taught is limited to morality values, reading and writing, arithmetic and the ability to survive in nature. Islamic education in its function as a strengthening of cognitive intelegence, morals, spirituality and nationality has not been provided in learning at home. As a research implication, a homeschooling socialization effort is needed so that the student community can continue to a higher level. The implementation of homeschooling that is not in accordance with the technical guidelines issued by the government will only disserve students because learning outcomes cannot be equalized with existing education levels.

2021 ◽  
Vol 102 (10) ◽  
Derek Gatherer ◽  
Daniel P. Depledge ◽  
Carol A. Hartley ◽  
Moriah L. Szpara ◽  
Paola K. Vaz ◽  

Members of the family Herpesviridae have enveloped, spherical virions with characteristic complex structures consisting of symmetrical and non-symmetrical components. The linear, double-stranded DNA genomes of 125–241 kbp contain 70–170 genes, of which 43 have been inherited from an ancestral herpesvirus. In general, herpesviruses have coevolved with and are highly adapted to their hosts, which comprise many mammalian, avian and reptilian species. Following primary infection, they are able to establish lifelong latent infection, during which there is limited viral gene expression. Severe disease is usually observed only in the foetus, the very young, the immunocompromised or following infection of an alternative host. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Herpesviridae, which is available at

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (5) ◽  
pp. 291-308
Tatjana Nikolayevna Dujsebayeva ◽  
Natalia Ananjeva ◽  
Aaron M. Bauer

The skin, as the interface of the body with the outside world, is directly exposed to the impacts of the environment. We have examined the microstructure of scale surfaces and the numerical distribution and morphology of skin sensory organs (SSO) in Australian limbless lizards of the family Pygopodidae. We have shown that the hairy sensory organs, as complex morphological structures, are a stable characteristic of the scale integument of pygopodids. This feature reflects their relationship to geckos and is shared homoplastically with some iguanian families (Dactyloidae, Leiosauridae, Opluridae, Chamaeleonidae). At the same time, scale micro-ornamentation as an elementary morphological structure is more plastic and, although the basic spinulate pattern is dominant, other variants occur on the scales of the serpentine body of pygopodids. We accept the spinules of MiO and the hairs of SSO as homologous structures at the cellular level since they are both derivatives of the Oberhäutchen cell surface. We propose to characterize the hair-bearing SSO of gekkotan and iguanian lizards as Oberhäutchen hairy sensory organs (ObHSO). Domination of SP MiO and presence of ObHSO in the integument of Gekkota and several families of Iguania, and sporadic occurrence of SP MiO in autarchoglossan taxa provide justification for regarding these characters as plesiomorphic. We characterize the high abundance (iterative state) of SSO in the scales of the head of pygopodids as representing the phenomenon of «overiteration», in which the phylogenetically established condition is enhanced by functional demands on the organism.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 154-158
Qulud Arum Pratiwi ◽  
Lantin Sulistyorini ◽  
Dini Kurniawati

Pulmonary tuberculosis in children is a contagious infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that attacks the lungs of children. The family is the closest person who is trusted and willing to help the treatment process voluntarily so that there is no risk of dropping out of drugs or the occurrence of death due to pulmonary tuberculosis. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the family role and medication adherencein children with pulmonary tuberculosis in Jember city area. This study used a cross sectional research design and was conducted on 32 families who act as medication supervisors in children with pulmonary tuberculosis and conducted by total sampling. The measuring instrument used a questionnaire on the family role as a medication supervisor and a medication adherence questionnaire in children with pulmonary tuberculosis. The results showed that the family role in the good category was 25 children and medication adherence was low as many as 19 children. The results of Spearman's test statistic showed that there was a relationship between the role of the family as a medication supervisor with medication adherence in children with pulmonary tuberculosis with a p value <0.05, namely 0.12 <0.05. The strength of the moderate relationship with an r value of 0.438 indicates a unidirectional relationship. The conclusion of this study was that there is a relationship between the family role as a medicationsupervisor with medication adherence in children with pulmonary tuberculosis in Jember city area. Keywords: Family Role, Medication Adherence, Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children

Complexity ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
M. Shrahili ◽  
I. Elbatal

The truncated Cauchy power odd Fréchet-G family of distributions is presented in this article. This family’s unique models are launched. Statistical properties of the new family are proposed, such as density function expansion, moments, incomplete moments, mean deviation, Bonferroni and Lorenz curves, and entropy. We investigate the maximum likelihood method for predicting model parameters of the new family. Two real-world datasets are used to show the importance and flexibility of the new family by using the truncated Cauchy power odd Fréchet exponential model as example of the family and compare it with some known models, and this model proves the importance and the flexibility for the new family.

Wen-Ting Ren ◽  
Fan-Xu Meng ◽  
Li-Li Guo ◽  
Li Sun ◽  
Xue-Wei Xu ◽  

AbstractA Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated A3-108T, was isolated from seawater of the West Pacific Ocean. Cells were non-motile and rod-shaped, with carotenoid-type pigments. Strain A3-108T grew at pH 6.0–8.5 (optimum 6.5) and 15–40 °C (optimum 28 °C), in the presence of 0.5–10% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1.0%). It possessed the ability to produce H2S. Based on the 16S rRNA gene analysis, strain A3-108T exhibited highest similarity with Aureisphaera salina A6D-50T (90.6%). Phylogenetic analysis shown that strain A3-108T affiliated with members of the family Flavobacteriaceae and represented an independent lineage. The principal fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, iso-C15:1 G, and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c). The sole isoprenoid quinone was MK-6. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. The ANIb, in silico DDH and AAI values among the genomes of strain A3-108T and three reference strains were 67.3–71.1%, 18.7–22.1%, and 58.8–71.4%, respectively. The G + C content was 41.0%. Distinctness of the phylogenetic position as well as differentiating chemotaxonomic and other phenotypic traits revealed that strain A3-108T represented a novel genus and species of the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Luteirhabdus pelagi gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed (type strain, A3-108T = CGMCC 1.18821T = KCTC 82563T).

Magdalena Contreras Pacheco ◽  
Tania Raymundo ◽  
Leticia Pacheco ◽  
Silvia Bautista-Hernández ◽  
Ricardo Valenzuela

Background and Aims: Hymenochaete is the genus with the highest number of species of the family Hymenochaetaceae in Mexico; 25 species have been described. It is characterized by its mainly resupinate basidiome, although it may be pileate and stipitate, of brown colors, with presence of setae and xanthocroid reaction. The objective of this study is to describe a new species of Hymenochaete.Methods: The fresh material was studied and described macro and micromorphologically, using a stereoscopic and optical microscope, taking photos in situ. Vouchers of the herbaria ENCB y FCME were studied, and specialized literature was reviewed for its description.Key results: Hymenochaete liliae sp. nov. is characterized by a resupinate, adnate, fleshy basidiome, smooth hymenophore, with numerous setae, determinate margin, abrupt, with monomitic hyphal system, simple septae; abundant subfusiform setae in the hymenium, 69-80 × 6-8 µm, acute, with crystals; and ellipsoid basidiospores, thin-walled, 5-8 × 2-3 µm. Although it resembles H. rhabarbarina, it can be differentiated by setae covered with crystals and spores of 4.8-6 × 2.3-3.3 µm. It could also be confused with H. minuscula due to its basidiome color; however, the setae are smaller (40-60 µm), as well as the basidia (15-20 µm). It can be separated from H. cinnamomea because it does not present a stratose basidiome; setae with crystals, 69-80 × 6-8 µm; basidiospores 5-8 × 2-3 µm, ellipsoidal.Conclusions: Hymenochaete liliae is proposed as a new species, which is distributed in the tropical dry forest of the state of Oaxaca, and until now only reported from the type locality.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Michele N. Medina-Craven ◽  
Emily Garrigues Marett ◽  
Sara E. Davis

PurposeThis conceptual paper explores how the activation of the individual-level trait grit can explain variance in successor willingness to take over leadership of the family firm.Design/methodology/approachDrawing from trait activation and situation strength theories, the authors develop a framework to examine the interactions of the two dimensions of grit (passion and perseverance) on the successor's willingness to take control of the family firm.FindingsThe authors identify how the grit dimensions would interact with the situational cues present during the succession process to predict the successor's willingness to take control of the family firm and offer testable propositions to guide future empirical work.Originality/valueThe authors help to address the growing need for additional microfoundational family firm research by drawing insights from organizational behavior theories and personality research and apply them to the family firm succession process.

ZooKeys ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 1065 ◽  
pp. 125-139
Shurong Xiong ◽  
Michael S. Engel ◽  
Lifang Xiao ◽  
Dong Ren

Two new species of Archidermaptera are described and figured from the Middle Jurassic Jiulonghsan Formation of Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China. Aneuroderma oiodesgen. &amp; sp. nov. is described in the family Protodiplatyidae and Sinopalaeodermata concavumsp. nov. is established in the family Dermapteridae. Both new species share the typical characters of the extinct suborder Archidermaptera (e.g., pentamerous metatarsi, filiform and multimerous cerci, externalized ovipositor). Aneurodermagen. nov. is compared with other genera of the Protodiplatyidae, while S. concavumsp. nov. allows us to emend the diagnosis of the genus Sinopalaeodermata. We briefly discuss the diversity of Archidermaptera and challenges to understanding relationships among this mid-Mesozoic diversity.

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