revision hip arthroplasty
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2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (6) ◽  
pp. 445-450
Author(s):  
Maciej Mądry ◽  
Bartłomiej Kwapisz ◽  
Daniel Kotrych

This paper presents the case of a female patient who underwent eleven revision surgeries after primary hip arthroplasty due to infection and loosening of the stem and acetabulum. We decided that in order to save the limb, it was necessary to use a total femur prosthesis. Three years’ follow-up showed that the patient was satis­fied with the outcome of the surgery.


2021 ◽  
Vol 103-B (11) ◽  
pp. 1678-1685
Author(s):  
Hussein Abdelaziz ◽  
Michael Schröder ◽  
Calvin Shum Tien ◽  
Kahled Ibrahim ◽  
Thorsten Gehrke ◽  
...  

Aims One-stage revision hip arthroplasty for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) has several advantages; however, resection of the proximal femur might be necessary to achieve higher success rates. We investigated the risk factors for resection and re-revisions, and assessed complications and subsequent re-revisions. Methods In this single-centre, case-control study, 57 patients who underwent one-stage revision arthroplasty for PJI of the hip and required resection of the proximal femur between 2009 and 2018 were identified. The control group consisted of 57 patients undergoing one-stage revision without bony resection. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify any correlation with resection and the risk factors for re-revisions. Rates of all-causes re-revision, reinfection, and instability were compared between groups. Results Patients who required resection of the proximal femur were found to have a higher all-cause re-revision rate (29.8% vs 10.5%; p = 0.018), largely due to reinfection (15.8% vs 0%; p = 0.003), and dislocation (8.8% vs 10.5%; p = 0.762), and showed higher rate of in-hospital wound haematoma requiring aspiration or evacuation (p = 0.013), and wound revision (p = 0.008). The use of of dual mobility components/constrained liner in the resection group was higher than that of controls (94.7% vs 36.8%; p < 0.001). The presence and removal of additional metal hardware (odds ratio (OR) = 7.2), a sinus tract (OR 4), ten years’ time interval between primary implantation and index infection (OR 3.3), and previous hip revision (OR 1.4) increased the risk of proximal femoral resection. A sinus tract (OR 9.2) and postoperative dislocation (OR 281.4) were associated with increased risk of subsequent re-revisions. Conclusion Proximal femoral resection during one-stage revision hip arthroplasty for PJI may be required to reduce the risk of of recurrent or further infection. Patients with additional metalware needing removal or transcortical sinus tracts and chronic osteomyelitis are particularly at higher risk of needing proximal femoral excision. However, radical resection is associated with higher surgical complications and increased re-revision rates. The use of constrained acetabular liners and dual mobility components maintained an acceptable dislocation rate. These results, including identified risk factors, may aid in preoperative planning, patient consultation and consent, and intraoperative decision-making. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(11):1678–1685.


Author(s):  
Max Jaenisch ◽  
Hendrik Kohlhof ◽  
Adnan Kasapovic ◽  
Martin Gathen ◽  
Thomas Martin Randau ◽  
...  

Abstract Introduction The complex field of femoral defects in revision hip arthroplasty displays a lack of standardized, intuitive pre- and intraoperative assessment. To address this issue, the femoral defect classification (FDC) is introduced to offer a reliable, reproducible and an intuitive classification system with a clear therapeutic guideline. Materials and methods The FDC is based on the integrity of the main femoral segments which determine function and structural support. It focuses on the femoral neck, the metaphysis consisting of the greater and lesser trochanter, and the femoral diaphysis. The four main categories determine the location of the defect while subcategories a, b and c are being used to classify the extent of damage in each location. In total, 218 preoperative radiographs were retrospectively graded according to FDC and compared to intraoperatively encountered bone defects. To account for inter-rater and intra-rater agreement, 5 different observers evaluated 80 randomized cases at different points in time. Results A Cohens kappa of 0.832 ± 0.028 could be evaluated, accounting for excellent agreement between preoperative radiographs and intraoperative findings. To account for inter-rater reliability, 80 patients have been evaluated by 5 different observers. Testing for inter-rater reliability, a Fleiss Kappa of 0.688 could be evaluated falling into the good agreement range. When testing for intra-rater reliability, Cohens Kappa of each of the 5 raters has been analyzed and the mean was evaluated at 0.856 accounting for excellent agreement. Conclusion The FDC is a reliable and reproducible classification system. It combines intuitive use and structured design and allows for consistent preoperative planning and intraoperative guidance. A therapeutic algorithm has been created according to current literature and expert opinion. Due to the combination of the FDC with the recently introduced Acetabular Defect Classification (ADC) a structured approach to the entire field of hip revision arthroplasty is now available.


Author(s):  
Abd-Allah El Ashmawy ◽  
Hazem A. H. Hosny ◽  
Ahmed El-Bakoury ◽  
Rathan Yarlagadda ◽  
Jonathan Keenan

Arthroplasty ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Rajesh Bawale ◽  
Baseem Choudhry ◽  
Srinivasa Samsani

Abstract Introduction The cementless acetabular implants are commonly used in primary and revision hip arthroplasty. Reconstruction of acetabulum in case of bone defects can be challenging. The aims of this single center study are to review the mid-term outcomes of porous tantalum cups (TM) and evaluate complications. Methods The midterm outcome of a trabecular metal tantalum modular uncemented cup was evaluated in 59 hips in 58 patients. In our group, we had 23 males and 35 females. The mean age was 70.11 years (range, 30 to 87 years). Four patients were lost to follow-up and 13 died during the period without having further surgeries attributed to the hip arthroplasty. The remaining 41 patients (42 revision hip arthroplasties) had complete data available. Results The mean follow-up was 87 months, ranging from 24 to 144 months. Standard pelvic anteroposterior (AP) radiographs were used to assess and preoperatively classify acetabular defects as per Paprosky classification. The serial radiographs showed excellent stability, bone opposition and graft incorporation. Four patients had further surgeries. Two of these were due to infection (one superficial and one deep infection). One of the patients had washout and then removal of metal work, the other patient only had a washout and symptoms settled. One patient had vascular compromise and went for surgery to stem the bleeding. One patient had re-revision due to stem loosening and hence required surgery but the revision cup remained stable. We noted a 96% survival at an average of 7.2 years follow-up. Conclusion The mid-term results with the trabecular metal cementless cup appeared to be promising in both primary and revision hip arthroplasty, even in the presence of considerable bone loss which requires bone grafting and augments. Level of evidence IV.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
pp. 88-101
Author(s):  
Alex Upfill-Brown ◽  
Peter P. Hsiue ◽  
Troy Sekimura ◽  
Jay N. Patel ◽  
Micah Adamson ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Ryan N. Robertson ◽  
Nancy L. Parks ◽  
P. Henry Ho ◽  
Robert H. Hopper ◽  
William G. Hamilton

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